The explosion of network movements and revolts in Brazil and Turkey confirm that there is a
new pattern of political self-organized behavior in our connected society. The dialogue and the
exchange of icons, symbols and logos between Brazil and Turkey was intense. The Brazilian
protests infected the movements of the world, despite not recognize at first as part of the
Nós podemos cheirar o gás lacrimogênio do Rio e Taksim até Tahrir (texto).
“Acabou a modormia. O Rio vai virar outra Turquia”
Turkey in Brazil
The graph 'Cartography of hybrid spaces' (Interagentes) show an important detail: the
presence of accounts of Turkey. CONVENERS: Movimento Passe Livre. PETITIONS: reduce
bus fare. SLOGANS: "If the rate does not fall, the city will stop. GRAPH DETAILS: Two
Turkish Facebook accounts (Recep Tayyip Erdoğan - Türkiye'nin Gururu and Diren Gezi Parkı)
of among the ten authorities.
Link> Cartografía espaços híbridos
The relationship between technology
and social change
The challenge is to understand 'how'
the mindset, attitudes and collective
skills allied to new technological tools
can create new ways to change the
How connected are the brains and
networks? How to understand the collective
Multi-layer actions, hybrid spaces
● Tactical and strategic use of digital tools and
online collective identities for collective
organization, communication and action.
● The ability of connected crowds, of brains and
bodies to create networks and self-modular
collective action. Pattern of political self-organization
in the network society.
● It is not CLICKACTIVISM or CIBERACTIVISM.
Technopolitics uses the network and the
ciberterritory to have effect outside and inside.
It is not activism without strategy or
organization or exclusively online.
The combination of social networks and occupation of urban space anticipates
the media coverage and mass communication agenda
'Vândalos' (chapullers) in Brazilian media
Link of the study
Manifestantes o vándalos,
2. Techno-logically structured
● The growth of profiles follows a
simple self-organization standards
and logical forms of technological
(Acima) Mapa dos protestos convocados no mundo o #17J
/ (abaixo) mapa de acampadas da #SpanishRevolution
Virality and emotionality
Rise of #vemprarua network (Brazil) in Twitter. 15Th - 17th june
by Fábio Malini
3. Transition Phase // Explosion
of communication and emotions
An exponential acceleration of activity and
emotionality of the system
In the transition is fundamental channeling the
energy and showing the desire to continue
the protest in another medium or format:
15M camps, Turkey, Occupy.
#ocupacabral, #OcupaCâmara (Brazil). It
is the transformation of state and
environment (the network and the streets),
from the digital media to the physical.
Transformation of form (to invent an
#13J (Brazil), from violence to indignation
CONVENERS: Movimento Passe Livre, Anonymous, Occupy Brasil, A Verdade Nua & Crua.
PETITIONS: reduce bus fare, end of corruption. SLOGANS: If the rate does not fall, the city will stop
GRAPH DETAILS Cartografía espaços híbridos (Interagentes): new autorities as OccupyBrasil,
Anonymous Rio, Mães de Maio or Rede Esgoto de Televisão. Nodes that are authorities and hubs at
the same time: A verdade nua e crua, Anonymous Rio, Anonymous Brasil, Anonymous BR, Mães de
Maio, Passe Livre São Paulo or Geração Invencível.
POLICE REPRESSION: Demonstrations end with heavy police repression.
From indignation to empowerment
Police violence, derogatory media coverage and
stablishment turn on protesters into Vandals (Brazil),
Chapullers (Turkey) or Perroflautas (Spain). Outrage is the
new fuel of network revolts. Indignation turns into
empowerment and positive emotions such as hope.
Vocabulary of #ProtestosBR (Brazil)
Tag cloud – 13 th June - Facebook Tag cloud – 20th- Facebook
Cartografía Afectiva (period15-25 th June) tag clouds and most
common hashtags of Brazilian protest ( LABIC)
4. Collectives identities
Collective identities are common to all
networked revolts of recent years. Identities
that accept remixes and adaptations, such as
15M or Occupy camps. In Brazil many
collective identities from Passe Livre
emerged. The same with #Diren in Turkey.
In the revolts in Egypt, the death of blogger Khaled Said became a collective
identity in Facebook fanpages as #Somos KhlaedSaid. In Brazil, the
disappearance of the worker Amarildo Dias de Souza generated (almost) a
collective identity. Left Picture: intervention in avenida Delfim Moreira, in Leblon
(Rio de Janeiro) and residents of Rocinha favela with placard 'Where is Amarildo?'.
Easy adhesion slogans ("It is not for
twenty cents, it is for rights" (Brazil),
"We are not goods in the hands
politicians and Bankers" (Spain), "We
are the 99% (Occupy) become a
common divisor. The aggregation of
the mobilization of the network
system dismantles all sorts of
antagonism. The identity (football
fans creating the United Istanbul
event or walking together in São
Paulo), the regional (Rio and Sao
Paulo forgetting grudges), ethnical
(kurdish vs Turkish) or protesters vs
police alliance are examples.
Change of paradigm
Political parties network (competitive)
Lack of interacctions between different communities
Most of central actors are the recognized leaders.
Global Revolt Networks (collaboratives):
Interactions between different communities (ideological,
Central actors are, in general, collective identities.
Political parties endogamy
Relationship among PT (Brazilian labour party),
PSDB (right wing Brazilian party), Anonymous
and Passe Livre. A study made by LABIC proved
the endogamy of political parties in Brazil.
Picture: left militants trying to partcipate in June
the 20th protest in São Paulo.
“Não me representam” (They don represent us) shout in Municipal
Chamber of Rio de Janeiro // Twitter Account of O Globo, hacked
with “Democracia Real Já” (Real Democracy) // #TomaLaCalle (take
the street, a 15M Spanish meme, used in Peru two years later //
@AnonymousRio profile, with indigenous style // Occupy, we are the
17 th of June - Detail of a Graph of sharing posts in Facebook. Left side, authorities
(quatitative sharing). Right side, HUBs (relational, conversation)
7. Distributed temporal Leadership //
● There is a network or a relay race
between a constellation of
collective identities without
permanent leadership or personal
“499 accounts of Spanish Revolution”,
(Manuela Lucas graph)
The importance of poor nodes
The study #ProtestoRj of Media Lab at UFRJ (Rio de Janeiro Federal University)
about events in Rio de Janeiro evidenced that mobilization happened thanks to the
"poor nodes" as @catupiry, for their ability to dialogue. Influential groups in the city -
except Anonymous - were irrelevant in the first call.
Upper Images: Aula Pública (public class) in #OcupaCabral in Rio de Janeiro, #UnienLaCalle from
15M-Marea Verde in Madrid // Lower Images:: #OccupyGeziArchitecture (Istambul) and El Campo de
1. Nós podemos cheirar o gás lacrimogênio do Rio e Taksim até Tahrir. http://passapalavra.info/2013/07/80352
2. “Acabou a modormia. O Rio vai virar outra Turquia
3.Interagentes graph #6N // http://interagentes.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/dia6_branco.png
4. Manifestantes o vándalos,
http://blog.pageonex.com/2013/08/24/manifestantes-ou-vandalos-como-a-midia-tradicional-abordou-os-protestos-5. Viral Gezi // http://viralgezi.outliers.es/
6. Cartography of hybrids spaçes. http://portal.interagentes.cc/?p=62
7. Emotions 15M // http://assets.outliers.es/15memociones/
8. Vocabulary 15M // artografía Afectiva
9. Afective cartography http://www.cartografiaafetiva.talkinc.com.br/cartografia.pdf
10. Anonymity BR //(study) http://anonimatoprotestosbr.wordpress.com/2013/08/18/grafos/
11.Primavera brasileira ou golpe da direita
12. Study: #ProtestoRj of Media Lab UFRJ
13. 499 accounts of SpanishRevolution http://www.manuelalucas.com/sre/
14. Study of relationship among PT, PSDB, Anonymous and Passe Livre.
http://www.labic.net/sem-categoria/poder-ser-mas-nao-e-a-relacao-entre-pt-psdb-anonymous-e-passe-livre-no-15. “They dont represent us”, in Câmara municipal in Rio de Janeiro
16. Hacked Twitter account with Democracia Real Já
17. #OccupyGeziPArk http://occupygeziarchitecture.tumblr.com/
18. El Campo de Cebada. http://elcampodecebada.org/
GLOBAL REVOLUTION RESEARCH NETWORK ///
Adaptation of a commons presentation of Javier Toret (@toret), Bernardo Gutiérrez
(@bernardosampa) and Tiago Pimentel (@antropoiese)