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Commom Patterns of Global Protests

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A presentation that search for common patterns of revolts and network movements as 15M Indignados (Spain), #DirenGezi (Turkey), Occupy Wall Street (USA), #VemPraRua (Brazil) or #YoSoy132 (México)

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Commom Patterns of Global Protests

  1. 1. Common Patterns of Global Revolts Bernardo Gutiérrez /// Global Revolution Research Network
  2. 2. The spread of network movement is global
  3. 3. The explosion of network movements and revolts in Brazil and Turkey confirm that there is a new pattern of political self-organized behavior in our connected society. The dialogue and the exchange of icons, symbols and logos between Brazil and Turkey was intense. The Brazilian protests infected the movements of the world, despite not recognize at first as part of the "global revolts". Nós podemos cheirar o gás lacrimogênio do Rio e Taksim até Tahrir (texto). “Acabou a modormia. O Rio vai virar outra Turquia”
  4. 4. Turkey in Brazil The graph 'Cartography of hybrid spaces' (Interagentes) show an important detail: the presence of accounts of Turkey. CONVENERS: Movimento Passe Livre. PETITIONS: reduce bus fare. SLOGANS: "If the rate does not fall, the city will stop. GRAPH DETAILS: Two Turkish Facebook accounts (Recep Tayyip Erdoğan - Türkiye'nin Gururu and Diren Gezi Parkı) of among the ten authorities. Link> Cartografía espaços híbridos
  5. 5. The relationship between technology and social change The challenge is to understand 'how' the mindset, attitudes and collective skills allied to new technological tools can create new ways to change the world.
  6. 6. How connected are the brains and networks? How to understand the collective emotional moods?
  7. 7. 8 network patterns of #GlobalRevolution
  8. 8. 1.Tecnopolitics: Multi-layer actions, hybrid spaces ● Tactical and strategic use of digital tools and online collective identities for collective organization, communication and action. ● The ability of connected crowds, of brains and bodies to create networks and self-modular collective action. Pattern of political self-organization in the network society. ● It is not CLICKACTIVISM or CIBERACTIVISM. Technopolitics uses the network and the ciberterritory to have effect outside and inside. It is not activism without strategy or organization or exclusively online.
  9. 9. Mind map of tecnopolítics, by Javier Toret
  10. 10. The combination of social networks and occupation of urban space anticipates the media coverage and mass communication agenda
  11. 11. 'Vândalos' (chapullers) in Brazilian media Link of the study Manifestantes o vándalos,
  12. 12. 2. Techno-logically structured contagion // ● The growth of profiles follows a simple self-organization standards and logical forms of technological era. (Acima) Mapa dos protestos convocados no mundo o #17J / (abaixo) mapa de acampadas da #SpanishRevolution
  13. 13. Virality and emotionality http://viralgezi.outliers.es/
  14. 14. Rise of #vemprarua network (Brazil) in Twitter. 15Th - 17th june by Fábio Malini
  15. 15. A Brazilian viral
  16. 16. 3. Transition Phase // Explosion of communication and emotions An exponential acceleration of activity and emotionality of the system In the transition is fundamental channeling the energy and showing the desire to continue the protest in another medium or format: 15M camps, Turkey, Occupy. #ocupacabral, #OcupaCâmara (Brazil). It is the transformation of state and environment (the network and the streets), from the digital media to the physical. Transformation of form (to invent an organizational structure)
  17. 17. #13J (Brazil), from violence to indignation CONVENERS: Movimento Passe Livre, Anonymous, Occupy Brasil, A Verdade Nua & Crua. PETITIONS: reduce bus fare, end of corruption. SLOGANS: If the rate does not fall, the city will stop GRAPH DETAILS Cartografía espaços híbridos (Interagentes): new autorities as OccupyBrasil, Anonymous Rio, Mães de Maio or Rede Esgoto de Televisão. Nodes that are authorities and hubs at the same time: A verdade nua e crua, Anonymous Rio, Anonymous Brasil, Anonymous BR, Mães de Maio, Passe Livre São Paulo or Geração Invencível. POLICE REPRESSION: Demonstrations end with heavy police repression.
  18. 18. From indignation to empowerment Police violence, derogatory media coverage and stablishment turn on protesters into Vandals (Brazil), Chapullers (Turkey) or Perroflautas (Spain). Outrage is the new fuel of network revolts. Indignation turns into empowerment and positive emotions such as hope.
  19. 19. Aggregative emotions = empowerment
  20. 20. Spanish 15M emotional analysis
  21. 21. Semantical analysis
  22. 22. Vocabulary of #ProtestosBR (Brazil) Tag cloud – 13 th June - Facebook Tag cloud – 20th- Facebook
  23. 23. Cartografía Afectiva (period15-25 th June) tag clouds and most common hashtags of Brazilian protest ( LABIC)
  24. 24. 4. Collectives identities Collective identities are common to all networked revolts of recent years. Identities that accept remixes and adaptations, such as 15M or Occupy camps. In Brazil many collective identities from Passe Livre emerged. The same with #Diren in Turkey.
  25. 25. #SomosKhaledSaid, #SomosAmarildo In the revolts in Egypt, the death of blogger Khaled Said became a collective identity in Facebook fanpages as #Somos KhlaedSaid. In Brazil, the disappearance of the worker Amarildo Dias de Souza generated (almost) a collective identity. Left Picture: intervention in avenida Delfim Moreira, in Leblon (Rio de Janeiro) and residents of Rocinha favela with placard 'Where is Amarildo?'.
  26. 26. 5. Aggregation Easy adhesion slogans ("It is not for twenty cents, it is for rights" (Brazil), "We are not goods in the hands politicians and Bankers" (Spain), "We are the 99% (Occupy) become a common divisor. The aggregation of the mobilization of the network system dismantles all sorts of antagonism. The identity (football fans creating the United Istanbul event or walking together in São Paulo), the regional (Rio and Sao Paulo forgetting grudges), ethnical (kurdish vs Turkish) or protesters vs police alliance are examples.
  27. 27. Change of paradigm Political parties network (competitive) Lack of interacctions between different communities (different parties). Most of central actors are the recognized leaders. Global Revolt Networks (collaboratives): Interactions between different communities (ideological, geographical…)  Central actors are, in general, collective identities.
  28. 28. Political parties endogamy Relationship among PT (Brazilian labour party), PSDB (right wing Brazilian party), Anonymous and Passe Livre. A study made by LABIC proved the endogamy of political parties in Brazil. Picture: left militants trying to partcipate in June the 20th protest in São Paulo.
  29. 29. Transnational memes “Não me representam” (They don represent us) shout in Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro // Twitter Account of O Globo, hacked with “Democracia Real Já” (Real Democracy) // #TomaLaCalle (take the street, a 15M Spanish meme, used in Peru two years later // @AnonymousRio profile, with indigenous style // Occupy, we are the 99%
  30. 30. 6. Self-organized growth, swarms and connected multitudes
  31. 31. Topology of 15M networks
  32. 32. Graphs of #Yosoy132 networks (Mexico)
  33. 33. Hubs vs Authorities 17 th of June - Detail of a Graph of sharing posts in Facebook. Left side, authorities (quatitative sharing). Right side, HUBs (relational, conversation)
  34. 34. 7. Distributed temporal Leadership // Beta Movement ● There is a network or a relay race between a constellation of collective identities without permanent leadership or personal univocal identities “499 accounts of Spanish Revolution”, (Manuela Lucas graph)
  35. 35. Dynamic core of the connected crowd
  36. 36. The importance of poor nodes The study #ProtestoRj of Media Lab at UFRJ (Rio de Janeiro Federal University) about events in Rio de Janeiro evidenced that mobilization happened thanks to the "poor nodes" as @catupiry, for their ability to dialogue. Influential groups in the city - except Anonymous - were irrelevant in the first call.
  37. 37. #Globalrevolution graphs // network movements
  38. 38. Brazil - #6j - Facebook
  39. 39. Brazil - #7j - Facebook
  40. 40. Brazil - #11j - Facebook
  41. 41. Brazil - #13j - Facebook
  42. 42. Brazil - #17j - Facebook
  43. 43. Brazil - #17j - Twitter
  44. 44. Brazil - #20j - Facebook
  45. 45. Upper Images: Aula Pública (public class) in #OcupaCabral in Rio de Janeiro, #UnienLaCalle from 15M-Marea Verde in Madrid // Lower Images:: #OccupyGeziArchitecture (Istambul) and El Campo de Cebada, 15M-Madri
  46. 46. References 1. Nós podemos cheirar o gás lacrimogênio do Rio e Taksim até Tahrir. http://passapalavra.info/2013/07/80352 2. “Acabou a modormia. O Rio vai virar outra Turquia http://propolis-colmena.blogspot.com.es/2013/07/acabou-mordomia-o-rio-vai-virar-uma.html 3.Interagentes graph #6N // http://interagentes.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/dia6_branco.png 4. Manifestantes o vándalos, http://blog.pageonex.com/2013/08/24/manifestantes-ou-vandalos-como-a-midia-tradicional-abordou-os-protestos-5. Viral Gezi // http://viralgezi.outliers.es/ 6. Cartography of hybrids spaçes. http://portal.interagentes.cc/?p=62 7. Emotions 15M // http://assets.outliers.es/15memociones/ 8. Vocabulary 15M // artografía Afectiva http://www.cartografiaafetiva.talkinc.com.br/cartografia.pdf 9. Afective cartography http://www.cartografiaafetiva.talkinc.com.br/cartografia.pdf 10. Anonymity BR //(study) http://anonimatoprotestosbr.wordpress.com/2013/08/18/grafos/ 11.Primavera brasileira ou golpe da direita http://outraspalavras.net/blog/2013/06/23/primavera-brasileira-ou-golpe-de-direita-5/ 12. Study: #ProtestoRj of Media Lab UFRJ http://medialabufrj.wordpress.com/2013/08/05/protestorj-atores-menores-fazem-a-rede/ 13. 499 accounts of SpanishRevolution http://www.manuelalucas.com/sre/ 14. Study of relationship among PT, PSDB, Anonymous and Passe Livre. http://www.labic.net/sem-categoria/poder-ser-mas-nao-e-a-relacao-entre-pt-psdb-anonymous-e-passe-livre-no-15. “They dont represent us”, in Câmara municipal in Rio de Janeiro http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DR8i5JMyAWg 16. Hacked Twitter account with Democracia Real Já http://www.brasil247.com/pt/247/midiatech/114122/ 17. #OccupyGeziPArk http://occupygeziarchitecture.tumblr.com/ 18. El Campo de Cebada. http://elcampodecebada.org/
  47. 47. GLOBAL REVOLUTION RESEARCH NETWORK /// Adaptation of a commons presentation of Javier Toret (@toret), Bernardo Gutiérrez (@bernardosampa) and Tiago Pimentel (@antropoiese)

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