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Topic: Simple Past
• Verbs in the past tense show actions that already happened.
• Words such as before, yesterday, last month, ago and many others indicate past actions.
A. REGULAR VERBS are verbs that form their past tense by adding –d or –ed
These are the general rules in forming the past tense of regular verbs:
• If the verb ends with letter e, add d.
Examples: prepare - prepared
place - placed
dance - danced
• If the verb ends with a consonant, add ed.
Examples: watch - watched
walk - walked
wait - waited
• If the verb ends with a y and is preceded by a consonant, change y to i and add ed.
Examples: fry - fried
cry - cried
study - studied
• If the verb ends with a y and is preceded by a vowel, add ed.
Examples: delay - delayed
play - played
pray - prayed
• If the verb ends with a consonant and is preceded by one vowel (except w and y) double
the consonant then add ed.
Examples: rub - rubbed
clip - clipped
trip - tripped
B. IRREGULAR VERBS are verbs that do not follow the rules of regular verbs.
• Some do not change
Examples: hurt - hurt cast - cast
fit - fit put - put
set - set hit - hit
broadcast – broadcast bet - bet
spread - spread read - read
quit - quit
• Some change their vowels
Examples: sit - sat drink - drank
dig - dug drive - drove
sing - sang swim - swam
give - gave arise - arose
babysit - babysat begin - began
become - became blow - blew
sting - stung win - won
fall- fell shine - shone
sink - sank swing - swung
forget - forgot forgive - forgave
know - knew run - ran
ride - rode stick - stuck
• Some change completely
Examples: be - was/were choose - chose
bend - bent buy - bought
bite - bit build - built
bleed - bled buy - bought
break - broke feel - felt
fight - fought catch - caught
sleep - slept keep - kept
think - thought teach - taught
shake - shook shoot - shot
find - found forbid - forbade
go - went freeze - froze
lead - lead light - lit
make - made hide - hid
leave - left sell - sold
wear - wore write - wrote
draw - drew withdraw - withdrew
tear - tore strike - struck
spend - spent sweep - swept
speak - spoke

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Regular and irregular verbs

  • 1. Topic: Simple Past • Verbs in the past tense show actions that already happened. • Words such as before, yesterday, last month, ago and many others indicate past actions. A. REGULAR VERBS are verbs that form their past tense by adding –d or –ed These are the general rules in forming the past tense of regular verbs: • If the verb ends with letter e, add d. Examples: prepare - prepared place - placed dance - danced • If the verb ends with a consonant, add ed. Examples: watch - watched walk - walked wait - waited • If the verb ends with a y and is preceded by a consonant, change y to i and add ed. Examples: fry - fried cry - cried study - studied • If the verb ends with a y and is preceded by a vowel, add ed. Examples: delay - delayed play - played pray - prayed • If the verb ends with a consonant and is preceded by one vowel (except w and y) double the consonant then add ed. Examples: rub - rubbed clip - clipped trip - tripped B. IRREGULAR VERBS are verbs that do not follow the rules of regular verbs. • Some do not change Examples: hurt - hurt cast - cast
  • 2. fit - fit put - put set - set hit - hit broadcast – broadcast bet - bet spread - spread read - read quit - quit • Some change their vowels Examples: sit - sat drink - drank dig - dug drive - drove sing - sang swim - swam give - gave arise - arose babysit - babysat begin - began become - became blow - blew sting - stung win - won fall- fell shine - shone sink - sank swing - swung forget - forgot forgive - forgave know - knew run - ran ride - rode stick - stuck • Some change completely Examples: be - was/were choose - chose bend - bent buy - bought bite - bit build - built bleed - bled buy - bought break - broke feel - felt fight - fought catch - caught sleep - slept keep - kept think - thought teach - taught shake - shook shoot - shot find - found forbid - forbade go - went freeze - froze lead - lead light - lit make - made hide - hid leave - left sell - sold wear - wore write - wrote draw - drew withdraw - withdrew
  • 3. tear - tore strike - struck spend - spent sweep - swept speak - spoke