Social Media and Teens/Tweens• Social media use has 100 become so pervasive 90 in the lives of 80 American teens that 70 having a presence on 60 Online a social network site is 50 almost synonymous with being online. 40 Social• Fully 95% of all teens 30 Media ages 12-17 are now 20 online and 80% of 10 those online teens are 0 users of social media Kids
These have become spaces where much of the social activity of tween life is echoed and amplified—in both good and bad ways.
When Do I Worry? • 45% of online 12-year-olds use Social Media sites. • That figure nearly doubles between the ages of 12 and 13, with 82% of 13-year-olds saying that they are social network site users.http://www.socmedsean.com/infographic-do-teens-prefer-social-media-to-real-life/
Blue=Mature Front=Prefrontal Cortex=Decision Making
Cruel Intentions?• Among social media users, 88% of teens have seen someone be mean or cruel to another person on a social network site.• More teens report positive personal outcomes than negative ones from interactions on social network sites: 78% report at least one good outcome and 41% report at least one negative outcome.
Teens and Privacy• 62% of teens who have a social media profile say the profile they use most often is set to be private so that only their friends can see the content they post.• 19% say their profile is partially private so that friends of friends or their networks can see some version of their profile.• 17% say their profile is set to public so that everyone can see it.
What Are They Thinking?! • Aaron White, Scientist NIH, NPR Jan 15th “Tell Me More” • Brain continues to develop until age of 24 • “The purpose of adolescence is, more or less, to socialize and to get out of the home and to find your own path in life and the research suggests that, as scary as some of these new tools can seem to adults, by themselves, they dont seem to have any negative effect on teens, in general.”http://www.amazon.com/What-They-Thinking-Social-Networking-Still-Developing/dp/0393065804
Facebook • About 5.6 million Facebook clients are under the age of 13 (3.5% of users) which is illegal according to COPPA laws. • 2009 study (Microsoft) 55% of parents polled said their kids were on Facebook and 75% of them had helped them to do so. • They will not understand how to use the privacy settings, so if they’re on, you need to teach them.http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/19/under-13-year-olds-on-facebook_n_1898560.html
Twitter • Microblogging Account • 15% of all online adults use Twitter (Pew Twitter Update) • 6% of kids 13-17 have Twitter accounts.http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Twitter-Use-2012.aspx
Why are teens and tweens moving to Twitter? American Adults Facebook Users Non Facebook Usershttp://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Coming-and-going-on-facebook.aspx
• Most of the communication taking place on Twitter is public and viewable by everyone.• Since the information posted is public, some of this data may be made available or republished on other websites.
A Protected Twitter Account• People will have to request to follow you; each follow request will need approval.• Your Tweets will only be visible to users youve approved.• Other users will not be able to retweet your Tweets.• Protected Tweets will not appear in Twitter search or Google search.• @Replies you send to people who arent following you will not be seen by those users (because you have not given them permission to see your Tweets).• You cannot share permanent links to your Tweets with anyone other than your approved followers.
Instagram• Photosharing Social Network• Shift from verbal sharing to visual sharing• All photos default to publicly shared• Show children how to change privacy settings• Make them friend you• Consider if they really need to use it, under 13 years old
What Are The Pitfalls?• What is available to see• Commenting (controversial opinions)• Sharing images of events which purposely exclude peers• Narcissism• Relying on “likes” for emotional wellbeing
Snapchat• Photo sharing site• Images “disappear” or self-destruct after 10 seconds or less (user selected)• Liked because of digital footprint pressure – Cheating – Sexting• Child pornography – Just receiving the message is illegal – Having it on your device is illegal
• Screenshot: Press Home and Sleep Buttons• Brightside: If a screenshot is captured, it sends you a note.• Downside: Nothin’ you can do about it.