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Values of mongolia


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Values of mongolia

  1. 1. Ulziinyam Tumen-UlziiTel: 99686175, 362326 Values of Mongolia I am very proud of being a native Mongolian’s young generation that respects core values ofthe Mongolian civilization such as our history, identity, culture, tradition, language, life style thatperceived from historically powerful and intelligent nation led by Chinggis Khan. The Great Empireof Chinggis Khan founded greatest power in the history of mankind. Mongolian traditional valueshave been formulated and developed by nomadic culture and then gradually integrated with the worldcivilization. One of the Mongolian traditional values is a sense of freedom of Mongolian people that hasbeen developed from nomadic life style settled in a big area with low population density. However,depending on the various factors that affect human civilization and new technology interventionMongols are becoming away from nomadic thinking. But Mongols still have very hardworkingbehavior. Cooperative life style is one of the common values of Mongolia. Historically, nomadicfamilies have mutual cooperation to share their common goods and resources against environmentalrisks, sharing workforce for taking care of their animals, for trading, and even for celebratingtraditional events. Therefore, the common goods became a strong value that based on collectiveinterest, loyalty, respect elders and generosity of the individuals. The communist system (1921-1990)did not change the basis of their traditional social system, of which a strong community feeling andmutual responsibility for the existence of the group to which one belonged was essential components.The collective interests which were more important than the individual ones, was a main element inthe Mongolian culture which largely determined the codes and rules for thought and behavior.However, the free market system, adopted by the government in1990, is brought some changes in thecultural context that based on individual needs. Personal interests and success became moreimportant than the collective interests of the group and individual development has priority over themaintaining of traditional group norms and rules. This process is more common in urban areas. In thecountryside the change from collective thinking to individual culture is less obvious since survival inan unexpected weather conditions which are often extreme is still dependent on mutual co-operationwithin herding groups in which nomadic traditions often still play a major role. Mongolians are involved in strong relationship with surrounding nature. There are manytraditions, customs regarding the protection and care of the nature. Most of the strictly prohibitedrules are digging a land or pasture, polluting ecosystem of the stream water, river, lake and mountain,and as well as hunting the number of species. Moreover, historically people used to teach younggenerations through epics poems, songs and blessings that have meaning of protection andconservation of surrounding nature. Mongolians have a long history of raising livestock, the fivetreasures, such as horse, cattle, sheep, goats and camels. Horses are highly prized among fivefeatures. In addition, nomadic people used to take care of their health through specific food orderssuch as eating meat only cold during cold seasons, and eating diary products during the hot and dryseasons. Mongolian healthy eating saying: “Breakfast, keep for yourself; lunch, share with yourfriend; dinner, give to your enemy”. It is not a surprise that most of the young generation of Mongoliadoes not often use diary products but they prefer to eat unhealthy food that processed with chemicals.According to research, approximately 70 percent of cancer cases in Mongolia are stomach cancerwhich caused by unhealthy food. Transition to the free market economy, since 1990, is brought many changes in Mongolianslife. Over 90 percent of all consumer goods import from abroad. Approximately half of thepopulation lives in the capital city as many herders, particularly young people, are leaving theirnomadic life. Everywhere in Mongolia different type of mining factories are booming and thusdestroy nature, landscape and species of the ecosystem. In short, there is a need for education of young generation that respects core value ofMongolia. Moreover, there is a need of intelligent, educated people who can develop our traditionalculture, custom and tradition of Mongolia and integrate them into world globalization by keepingtheir core values.