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Redefining free speech for a digital age

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  1. 1. Redefining Free Speech for a Digital Age Berglind Ósk Bergsdóttir [email_address] GoOpen – Norway 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Without freedom online, there isn't freedom offline!
  3. 3. Research and promote a comprehensive legislative framework for the protection of information rights. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Icelandic Modern Media Initiative <ul><li>In June 2010, the Icelandic Parliament passed the IMMI proposal </li><ul><li>A parliamentary resolution tasking the government to make a legal framework to protect and strengthen media freedom and free speech.
  5. 5. Unanimous voting of all parties
  6. 6. At least 13 laws need to be changed and improved </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Why is freedom of expression so important? “ ...the right to freedom of expression and information constitutes one of the essential foundations of a democratic society and one of the basic conditions for its progress and the development of every individual...” The Declaration on the Freedom of Expression and Information of 1982 by the Council of Europe
  8. 8. Source Protection <ul><li>The right of journalists not to disclose their sources of information
  9. 9. Icelandic laws states that journalists have a right to refuse to expose their sources except when a court ruling states otherwise
  10. 10. Council of Europe recommendation R (2000)7
  11. 11. Media proposal has been updated accordingly </li></ul>
  12. 12. Data Retention <ul><li>Current Icelandic telecommunications implements min. 6 month EU mandated data retention
  13. 13. Traffic data should not be retained beyond delivering the message! </li><ul><li>Germany, Hungary, Cyprus and Romania declared it unconstitutional </li></ul><li>0.002% police investigation assisted by retained traffic data </li></ul>
  14. 14. Intermediary Protection <ul><li>Current Icelandic e-commerce law too vague </li><ul><li>Only judges should issue take-down notices
  15. 15. Defined under what circumstances. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Freedom of Information Act <ul><li>Current Icelandic FoI laws do not confirm the Council of Europe Convention nor standards set in the Aarhus convention </li><ul><li>Information, Participation and Justice </li></ul><li>Online central registry of documents </li></ul>
  17. 18. History Protection <ul><li>Internet publication considered re-published every time it's viewed
  18. 19. Content been removed from the web to avoid libel claims.
  19. 20. “ Lawsuits must be filed within 2 months of publication with a 10.000 Euro limit” </li><ul><li>Based on the French model </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. Process Protection <ul><li>Small publisher should be able to stand up against rich litigant </li><ul><li>Scientology vs. Time Magazine </li></ul><li>California's anti-SLAPP (Strategic Litigation against Public Participation) </li><ul><li>Special Free Speech cases </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. Limiting prior restraint <ul><li>Banning material before publication
  22. 24. Violates Icelandic constitution </li><ul><li>Kaupthing's loan book leaked on Wikileaks </li></ul><li>A clause giving District Commissioners right to issue injunction needs to be removed </li></ul>
  23. 25. Get involved! <ul><li>How is your countries law regarding freedom of expression?
  24. 26. Contact IMMI </li><ul><li>
  25. 27. @immimedia
  26. 28. [email_address] </li></ul></ul>