My name is Melanie Bergenhagen. I am here to today to talk to you about technology and its impact in schools. As stated on the powerpoint: Technology.. Do we need it? My goal is at the end of this presentation you will see that we do in fact need technology and some reasons why we need it.
Through out this presentation I will talk about how technology is the path to our student’s success. I will show you why professional development plays a role in effective use of technology, how technology increases student engagement, higher level thinking skills, and student achievement. I will also show you how technology prepares students for workforce and how it is even cost effective for district.
To start what is Technology? Technology is made up of many different pieces. Some are hardware and some software. Some costly some free. Some of the hardware we would like to use but not all are required are laptops, smartboards, activboards, ipods, computers, and cameras. These can get expensive, but as I said before not all are needed to show improvements in our students’ achievement. Software on the other hand can be as simple as web 2.0 tools on the internet for students and teachers to use for FREE. Just putting the technology into the classroom though will not give us the results we want. “ While attention to choosing the appropriate hardware and software for the classroom is a prerequisite, it is the skill and attitude of the teacher that determines the effectiveness of technology integration into the curriculum.” (Bitner & Bitner)
It is not technology per se that has resulted in improved student outcomes, but rather how the technology was used and integrated into instructional processes. (Earle) “ Achievements are attributed to teacher planning and expertise, true success must be measured in terms of improvement in teaching and learning, not merely in placement of computer in classrooms”. (Earle) Due to this we need to make sure our teachers are comfortable using technology and how to use it as a resource before we can expect to get results.
Many teachers without training will either use technology as a fancy toy or not use the technology at all. In order for technology to be integrated into the curriculum effectively to promote student learning “technology takes adequate training, time, planning, support, and teacher ownership.” (Earle) “ Teachers must understand how technology can be connected with pedagogy and curriculum content”. (Harvey-Woodall) “ Technology is and will be increasingly used to collect critical student data and program information needed for both instructional planning and analysis of learning outcomes”. (Cradler)
You may be wondering, Why waste this time on training our teachers to use technology? How is technology going to help us? In researching the impact of technology in schools I found. “ Students like their classes more and develop more positive attitudes when their classes include computer-based instruction.” (Schacter) “ Students demonstrate higher motivation and engagement when using technology.” (Harvey-Woodall) In this diagram it shows how students in 4 th Grade used computer games to supplement their math work, consequently providing them with higher math achievement, as well as a more positive learning environment. The bottom diagram shows a similar 8 th grade math class. When 8 th graders used the computer for math/learning games it provided them with a more positive learning environment. In addition to a more positive student learning environment, you can also see that through teacher technology training it lead to a more positive climate for teachers as well. “ Research shows that traditional methods of teaching can no longer be utilized to capture the interest of children who are being reared during the rapid growth of the computer age. As a result, the use of technology can serve as a catalyst for helping the teachers understand individual learning styles of the children they teach.” (Harvey-Woodall) Students today use technology every day outside of school. They play video games, work on the computer and watch TV. Why not adapt our teaching styles and classroom structure to help them succeed? Technology enables students to become actively engaged in the learning process and in turn increases their achievement.
Research shows “Students learn more in less time when they have computer-based instruction“. (Schacter) “ A study was done in Canton, Ohio where in 2003 the 3 rd grade reading state test score was at 37.5% passing. In 2004 a technology-based comprehensive reading program was implemented in the school. The score increased 124% to an impressive 84% passing rate. The following year experienced the same result with more than 80% passing. Schools across the country are also finding the same results.” (Palozzi)
John Schacter has put together over 700 different studies on technology and their impact. In his research he found, “On average, students using computer-based instruction scored in the 64 th percentile, while students without computer-based instruction scored in the 50 th percentile.” (Schacter)
As much as we want to focus on student achievement. Our ultimate goal, I think is to prepare students to be successful when they enter the workforce. Many jobs in the 21 st Century will require students to use technology. Students will need to be globally aware, innovative, creative, collaborative, and critical thinkers. “ Research shows that when students learn to use and apply applications used in the world of work, such as word processors, spreadsheets, computer-aided drawing, Web site development programs, and the Internet, they acquire some of the prerequisite skills for workforce preparedness” (Cradler et al.). “ When content and problem-solving strategies meet accepted education standards, technology increases mastery of vocational and workforce skills and helps prepare students for work” (Cradler et al.). Even, “Colleges and universities expect incoming students to possess basic computer literacy as the use of technology continues to grow in higher education” (Palozzi) It is our obligation as a district to help our students as much now, so that they may be successful when they enter the work/college world.
Technology has the potential if used correctly to greatly increase students’ achievement & prepare them for the workforce. Much of this can be contributed to students’ use of higher level thinking skills when using technology effectively. Shown above are different technology tools and where they can be used in the Blooms-Taxonomy. These tools help students and teachers encourage higher order thinking skills in core subject areas. These thinking skills are vital for the success of students in the real world. The best part of all they are all FREE!
There are many free web 2.0 tools we can use if we have adequate hardware. Hardware and training can be a large cost in the beginning, however “ Lewis Solmon’s did a cost benefit analysis of the West Virginia Basic Skills/Computer Education (BS/CE) program compared the cost of BS/CE and it’s achievement gains to the cost of other reform programs and their achievement gains. Solman demonstrated that BS/CE was more cost effective in improving student achievement than Class size reduction from 35-20 students Increasing instructional Time Cross Age tutoring Programs” (Schac ter) With adequate hardware and training there are many free web 2.0 tools to use in the classroom to increase student achievement. It may cost us some extra money in the beginning, but in the long term, technology will be more cost effective and our students will achieve higher and be more prepared.
I hope I have helped you realize that technology is needed in our schools. Through professional development and effective use of technology we can increase our student’s scores, engage them in learning, and prepare the for their future with higher level thinking. I hope you come on board with me in creating a cost effective plan for integrating technology into our schools to help our students succeed. Do you have any questions? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sources: Cradler, J., McNabb, M., Freeman, M., & Burchett, R. (2002). How does technology influence student learning? Learning and Leading with Technology , 29 (8), 46–49. Earle, R. S. (2002). The Integration of Instructional Technology into Public Education: Promises and Challenges. Educational Technology , 42 (1), 5-13. Harvey-Woodall, A. (2009, July 16). Integrating Technology into the Classroom: How Does It Impact Student Achievement? Online Submission . Retrieved February 13, 2011, from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED505984 Palozzi, V. J., & Spradlin, T. E. (2006). Educational technology in Indiana: Is it worth the investment. Education policy brief , 4 (4). Schacter, J. (1999).The Impact of Education Technology on Student Achievement: What the Most Current Research Has to Say. Milken Exchange on Education Technology. Picture Sources: DigiGogy: Digital Bloom's Visual. (n.d.). . Retrieved February 18 2011, from http://digigogy.blogspot.com/2009/02/digital-blooms-visual.htm Technology Word Art created in Wordle at http://www.wordle.com
Technology do we need it
Created by Melanie Bergenhagen Technology…Do we need it?
Path To Success Click on the circle to go to the category of your choice. Technology’s
Professional Development is a MUST “ Achievements are attributed to teacher planning and expertise, true success must be measured in terms of improvement in teaching and learning, not merely in placement of computer in classrooms.” (Earle)