Objectives• Students will analyze text clues in order to infer information about a selection.
Key words• Infer• Text Clue• Background Knowledge
Getting Started• It is important to read carefully.• Use the Text Clues and your Background Knowledge to make an inference.
Easy as 1,2,3 Text clue +Background Knowledge = Inference
Follow the steps• Read• Use a clue from the text and something you know (background knowledge) to make an inference.
Inference signal words or phrases• I know…• I think that this means…• This means…
Practice makes perfect• Read the passageBetty the butterfly loved to fly. Her love of flyingwas great because she got to see many things.One day she decided to fly to New York City andsee the sights. Betty found herself hungry anddecided a stop in Central Park would be just thething.
Making an inference• Text clue- Betty found herself hungry and decided a stop in Central Park would be just the thing.• Background knowledge- I know butterflies live off plants or insects.• I think that she went to the park to eat plants or insects.
Betty the Butterfly• It was May so Betty ate her fill from all the flowers and trees that were blooming. Once she was full she decided to fly up high over the park to see the view. Betty was flying free and she decided that the big shiny building would be her next stop.
Making an inference• Text clue- she decided that the big shiny building would be her next stop.• Background Knowledge- Butterflies don’t make decisions to visit buildings as far as I know.• I infer the selection is fiction because I don’t think butterflies decide to travel to New York City.
One more time!She headed toward the Empire State Building.Next Betty went to the Statue of Liberty whereshe met her cousin Benny Bee. Together theydecided they would take a Ferry ride to EllisIsland. It was great to ride the ferry and catch upwith Benny Bee.
Making an inference• Text clue- she met her cousin Benny Bee.• Background Knowledge- Bees and butterflies are not related• I think the selection is a fiction story because bees and butterflies are not cousins.
Follow the steps… Text clue +Background Knowledge = Inference
Try on your own!• Bobby Bears paw hurt and he was crying. His friend Tommy Turtle was trying to help and saw the thorn in Bobby Bears paw.
Text clue• Bobby Bears paw hurt and he was crying Background KnowledgeHe is sad and crying because pain can make you cry.
Inference (Choose one)• I think Bobby Bears paw hurt and that was making him cry.• I think Bobby Bear was happy and that made him cry.• I think Bobby and Tommy were friends.
Try one more inference • Tommy said “We should ask Grandpa Owl what to do?” Bobby agreed and they traveled to Owl’s tree together. Through the valley, past the pond and then they climbed the tree.
Text Clue• Through the valley, past the pond and then they climbed the tree. Background Knowledge Bear, Turtle and Owl must live in the wild, that seems like a long ways to travel.
Infer (choose one)• I think Owl must be a good friend.• I think Bear and turtle traveled a long ways to see owl.• I think Tommy Turtle is a good friend.
• As soon as owl saw them he said “Hello!” Tommy and Bobby sat and told owl all about their problem. Owl smiled wisely and said “Well my boy just pull it out!” Tommy laughed and Bobby pulled out the thorn making his paw feel better.
Biblography• Text passages written by Alise Benzie• Prince Georges County public schools curriculum framework, ToolKit Edition 2009-2010 Copyright July 30, 2008Flicker image• Paddynapper, Turtle, Uploaded November 27, 2011 http://www.flickr.com/photos/28990363@N05/6414310131 /Flicker image• Daisyree Bakker, Bear, Uploaded March 11, 2010 http://www.flickr.com/photos/27875041@N02/4425848358 /Flicker image• Butterfly effect. kdinuraj June 5, 2011, http://www.flickr.com/photos/kdinuraj/5836524177/