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Thermal and digestion waste


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Waste to energy technologies - incineration, gasification, plasma gasification, pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion - provide a convenient solution to many of these waste management issues. For instance, installation of a waste to energy conversion facility near a large urban center can reduce the number of truck, train, or barge trips to landfills, reduce the volume of new material that is being stored in landfills, and reduce the proportion of organic matter that is stored in a landfill, which in turn reduces the production rates of landfill methane.

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Thermal and digestion waste

  1. 1. Thermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies WorldwidePublished: March 2011No. of Pages: 224Price: $4950Each year the world generates more than 2.1 billion tons of waste, disposes of most of thatwaste it in landfills, and allows it to decay and release methane (a powerful greenhouse gasthat drives climate change), carbon dioxide, volatile organic compounds, odors,groundwater quality pollutants, and a host of other air, water, and soil pollutants. Lockedinside of the 2.1 billion tons of waste is approximately 24.5 quadrillion Btu of energy -enough heat to generate about 10% of the electricity consumed annually around the globe.Meanwhile, in many developed nations, the availability of landfill capacity has been flat orsteadily decreasing due to regulatory, siting, and environmental permitting constraints onnew landfills and landfill expansions. As a result, new approaches to waste management arerapidly being written into public and institutional policies at local to national levels.Landfilling, which is still employed at the overwhelming majority of global wastemanagement facilities in developed nations, generally performs well in terms of throughput,public health, and safety. But many current and widespread waste management practicesare mediocre or even poor performers in terms of energy efficiency and environmentalperformance. For instance, the conventional municipal solid waste chain is commonlycharacterized by moderate to long haul distances, which generate substantial greenhousegas emissions, followed by long-term storage in a landfill, releasing methane and otherpollutants. In developing nations, landfills can pose major public health concerns, and can insome cases represent a significant fire hazard due to spontaneous ignition. Many liquidwaste streams, especially in the livestock and food production industries, are only minimallytreated prior to discharge. Dairy wastes, for instance, can result in excessive nutrientloading of farm fields, while municipal wastewater, especially in developing nations, maycontain high levels of biochemical oxygen demand, bacteria, and other harmful pollutants.Waste to energy technologies - incineration, gasification, plasma gasification, pyrolysis, andanaerobic digestion - provide a convenient solution to many of these waste managementissues. For instance, installation of a waste to energy conversion facility near a large urbancenter can reduce the number of truck, train, or barge trips to landfills, reduce the volumeof new material that is being stored in landfills, and reduce the proportion of organic matterthat is stored in a landfill, which in turn reduces the production rates of landfill methane.Liquid waste to energy technologies can also reduce the concentration of water qualityconstituents in treated effluent, by substantially reducing bacterial loading, biochemicaloxygen demand, and other constituents.Bolstered by global concern and policy actions relating to climate change, waste to energytechnologies also support low-carbon and in some cases carbon-neutral energy production.
  2. 2. As a result, the global market for waste to energy technologies has evidenced substantialgrowth over the last five years, increasing from $4.83 billion in 2006, to 7.08 billion in 2010with continued market growth through the global economic downturn. Over the comingdecade, growth trends are expected to continue, led by expansion in the US, European,Chinese, and Indian markets. By 2021, based on continued growth in Asian marketscombined with the maturation of European waste management regulations and Europeanand US climate mitigation strategies, the annual global market for waste to energytechnologies will exceed $27 billion, for all technologies combined.The market expansion projected for waste to energy technologies maintains roots in thewaste industry as well as the alternative fuels/power industry. Demand for wastemanagement solutions and for alternative energy sources thereby coalesce to drive demandfor waste to energy technologies. A significant advantage of these dual drivers is thatdemand for waste to energy technologies is resilient. For example, even in the unlikelyevent that demand for alternative energy slackens over the coming decade, the demand forwaste management solutions would remain, and would continue to drive the installation ofnew waste to energy facilities.Thermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies Worldwide containscomprehensive data on the worldwide market for waste to energy technologies(incineration, gasification, pyrolysis and thermal depolymerization, and anaerobicdigestion), including historic (2006-2010) and forecast (2011-2021) market size data interms of the dollar value of product shipments, with breakdowns at the national level formajor markets. The report identifies key trends affecting the marketplace, along with trendsdriving growth, and central challenges to further market development. Waste to energymarket report also provides company profiles for waste to energy leaders in municipal solidwaste and other waste management industries.Report MethodologyThe information in Thermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies Worldwide is basedon data from International Energy Agency, the US Energy Information Agency, the Waste toEnergy Research and Technology Council (WTERT), the European Commission, the NationalBureau of Statistics of China, India’s Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation,the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. national laboratories, U.S. and global energyresearch institutions, along with information from other trade associations, businessjournals, company literature and websites, Securities and Exchange Commission reportings,and research services such as Simmons Market Research Bureau.What You’ll Get in This ReportThermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies Worldwide makes importantpredictions and recommendations regarding the near term future of the global waste toenergy market, with breakdowns for each of the five technologies considered in this report,with additional market breakdowns for major national markets. It pinpoints methods thatcurrent and prospective industry players can capitalize on existing trends, spearhead newtrends, and identify and expand into niche and specialty markets. No other market researchreport provides both comprehensive analysis and extensive, quality data that Thermal andDigestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies Worldwide offers. Plus, you’ll benefit fromextensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables and graphs.
  3. 3. How You’ll Benefit from This ReportIf your company is already doing business in the waste to energy market, in associatedmanufacturing industries, or is considering making the leap, you will find this reportinvaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered inany other single source. Waste to energy technology holders and developers, investors,marketers, midstream industry, and waste to energy startups will also benefit from keyinsights into market structure, the supply chain, projects worldwide, and industry suppliersassociated with waste to energy technologies. The report provides an extensive review ofmarkets for waste to energy, including appurtenances, from 2006 as well as projects andtrends through 2021.This report will also help: * Marketing managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotionplans for waste to energy technologies, components, materials, and services. * Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives andexplore demand for waste to energy technologies, components, materials, and associatedservices. * Business development executives and entrepreneurs understand the dynamics ofthe industry/market and identify possible partnerships. * Advertising agencies working with clients in the waste to energy industry tounderstand the market for waste to energy technologies, their application, and the productprocurement and project construction process; to develop messages and images thatcompel consumers to invest in companies supplying or operating waste to energy facilities. * Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, brand andproduct managers and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobsmore effectively.IncinerationFigure 1-8 summarizes incinerator capital costs. Bars in the figure represent average capitalcosts for the incinerator itself, as well as ancillaries, shown in $/kW5 and $/ton-year6capacity. Error bars represent the minimum and maximum total (i.e., technology plusancillary costs) values obtained during SBI’s data collection efforts. As shown, the averageincinerator cost for announced projects is $8,650/kW or $1,960/Ton-Yr, whereas peakreported costs for incinerators were $13,500/kW or $2,800/Ton-Yr. These figures are higherthan the capitalcosts for the other thermal WtE technologies reviewed in this report. However, high costdoes...Plasma GasificationPlasma gasification technologies share many of the same characteristics of standardgasification technologies - namely, both generate syngas under low-oxygen conditions. Thebasic technology behind plasma gasification been around since the 1950s, however, onlyover the last decade has plasma gasification been developed commercially for WtE facilities.Project reviews completed for this report indicated that there are approximately 5functioning plasma gasification facilities located worldwide, located primarily in Japan,Taiwan, and Canada, with at least two additional plants in Germany and Australia, that havebeen recently mothballed. All identified facilities were constructed between 2002 and 2011.
  4. 4. Venture Capital and Equities[Additionally, equity investors typically acquire a share in the company/facility in which theyare investing, meaning that the project sponsor must relinquish a portion of its vestedinterest and control. While these conditions may be unpalatable to some potential projectsponsors, there is a substantial amount of capital available through these sources. Forinstance, global venture capital and equity financing in 2009 reached a year-long total of$6.6 billion. This rate was significantly down from a peak of $11.8 billion during 2008, priorto the effects of the global financial crisis.75 However, SBI’s review of preliminary dataavailable for 2010 indicate that venture capital and equity financing for renewable energy,including waste to energy projects, is again climbing, and will surpass 2009 data by at least10%.]About Us:ReportsnReports is an online library of over 100,000+ market research reports and in-depthmarket research studies & analysis of over 5000 micro markets. We provide 24/7 online andoffline support to our customers. Get in touch with us for your needs of market researchreports.Follow us on Twitter: Facebook Page: Rambler road,Suite727,Dallas,TX75231Tel: +1-888-989-8004E-mail: sales@reportsnreports.com