Marine electric vehicles 2011

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Marine electric vehicles market is gaining more interest as it is more profitable and often more open to innovation. However, until now, there has been no report assessing this substantial market sector. No longer. In 2011, IDTechEx has just completed a report "Marine Electric Vehicles 2011-2021". It is the world's first comprehensive report on marine electric vehicles with latest ten year forecasts and important new projects such as submarines that will fly.

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Marine electric vehicles 2011

  1. 1. Marine Electric Vehicles 2011-2021Published: April 2011No. of Pages: 181Price: 3995$Those making electric vehicles or their components seek to expand their business. To dothis, they need to look beyond the oversupplied on-road sector. Marine electric vehiclesmarket is gaining more interest as it is more profitable and often more open to innovation.However, until now, there has been no report assessing this substantial market sector. Nolonger. In 2011, IDTechEx has just completed a report "Marine Electric Vehicles 2011-2021". It is the worlds first comprehensive report on marine electric vehicles with latest tenyear forecasts and important new projects such as submarines that will fly.Large military business will be overtakenThe rapidly growing $2.3 billion market for marine electric vehicles is unusually varied. Itincludes on-water and underwater electric vehicles for inland waterways and the sea.Military electric craft dominate in market value today, despite the fact that IDTechExexcludes electrically propelled ordnance, such as torpedoes, and tethered vehicles from thisreport. Civil marine electric vehicles will constitute the largest marine electric vehicle marketby value.Often the first to innovateCertain marine electric craft are ahead of land and air electric vehicles in variously usinglithium-ion traction batteries with greatest energy storage, the latest CIGS flexible solarcells (predecessor of multilayer smart skin explained in the text) and in being deployed foryears at a time without human intervention. For example, only boats carry up to 150 peopleon solar power alone. Only seagoing "glider" Autonomous Underwater Vehicles AUVs aredeployed for years without human intervention, coming to the surface when necessary toharvest electric power from both waves and sun.BenchmarkingOn the other hand, the report shows where designers of electric marine craft can learn fromnon-marine vehicles that are ahead in certain other respects. Examples include use of thirdgeneration battery technologies in electric aircraft and gas turbine range extenders inleading buses and supercars. Then there is the harvesting of the heat of the conventionalengine in a hybrid car to produce electricity - expected soon. There needs to be much more
  2. 2. benchmarking of best practice between electric vehicle sectors and the IDTechEx reports onelectric vehicles by type - of which the marine report is the latest - assist in this process.Super yachts, marine robots and volume productsThis report covers hybrid and pure electric marine vehicles: it encompasses the extremevariety from a $50 pure electric sea scooter for a scooba diver to many $25 million hybridsuper yachts and pure electric $5 million AUVs, tourist submarines etc., some with fuel cells.IDTechEx shows how the most popular seagoing enclosed leisure yachts are going hybridthis year for competitive advantage. By contrast, IDTechEx observes that it is new lawsfrom Taiwan to Europe that are making electric boats the norm on inland waterways, evenfor water skiing. Learn how electric robot surface craft gather oil slicks while new electrictugboats outperform traditional ones and have new laws to encourage their adoption.Technology choices, trends and future breakthroughs are fully analysed.Easy to read summariesThe information is distilled into 19 easy to read tables and 109 figures in this new 181 pagereport. For example, one table gives 82 manufacturers of marine electric vehicles bycountry and type of craft and many component suppliers are surveyed. Non military marineforecasting categories are scuba sea scooters, leisure and tourist surface boats, AUVs,personal and tourist submarines, work boats. Military marine EVs are forecasted separately.Market data for these marine electric vehicles are compared with data for all electricvehicles to put the results in context.Table Of Contents1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS1.1. The whole picture1.1.1. Global marine EV forecasts 2011-20211.1.2. Marine EVs compared to all EVs1.2. Forecast rationale1.3. Benefits of marine electric vehicles1.3.1. Price sensitivity1.3.2. Favoured Marine EV Technologies2. INTRODUCTION2.1. Definitions and scope of this report2.2. The EV value chain
  3. 3. 2.3. Benefits of marine electric vehicles2.4. Pure electric marine vehicles2.5. Hybrid marine vehicles2.6. Born electric2.7. New structural advances and smart skin3. SURFACE CRAFT3.1. Commonality with land EVs3.1.1. Grants for land and water3.1.2. Effect of land EV manufacturers entering marine3.1.3. Pollution laws back electric boats - India, Europe, Taiwan, USA3.2. Examples of electric surface craft3.2.1. Tiny Ruban Bleu boats for hire France3.2.2. Leisure Life small inland launch USA3.2.3. Andaman and Electric Boats Thailand3.2.4. Tamarack Lake foldable inland boat USA3.2.5. Duffy inland electric deck boats, USA3.2.6. Boesch Boats for water skiing Switzerland3.2.7. Epic Wakeboats hybrid sport boat USA3.2.8. Erun GmbH inland sport boats Switzerland3.2.9. Boote Marian luxury inland boats Austria3.2.10. Kitegen seagoing kite boats Italy and Sauter UK3.2.11. Larger solar lake boats Switzerland3.2.12. SCOD / Atlantic Motors high performance cabin cruiser USA3.2.13. MW Line solar seagoing boat Switzerland
  4. 4. 3.2.14. Unmanned boat gathering oil USA3.2.15. Seagoing yachts France3.2.16. Tag plug in hybrid large sail boat South Africa, New Zealand3.2.17. Türanor PlanetSolar solar catamaran Germany3.2.18. Energy harvesting superyacht UK3.2.19. Hybrid tugboats Canada, USA3.2.20. Tugboats hybrid and pure electric Canada3.2.21. Tugboats UK4. MANNED UNDERWATER ELECTRIC VEHICLES4.1. Sea scooters for scuba divers, Italy, China4.2. Leisure and tourist submarines4.2.1. Kittredge UK4.2.2. Odyssea USA4.2.3. International Venture Craft USA4.2.4. Hawkes Ocean Technologies USA4.2.5. Silvercrest/UVI Canada, UK4.2.6. Submarines that are efficient surface boats4.2.7. US Submarines Inc USA4.2.8. Will submarines fly?5. AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES (AUVS)5.1. Swimmers vs gliders5.2. Wave and sun powered sea gliders5.2.1. Virginia Institute of Marine Science USA5.2.2. Falmouth Scientific Inc USA
  5. 5. 5.2.3. Liquid Robotics USA5.3. AUV swimmers North America5.3.2. Hydroid USA5.4. AUV swimmers Europe5.4.1. Kongsberg5.4.2. Teledyne USA, Iceland5.4.3. Mine Destruction AUV UK5.4.4. Autosub6000 UK5.4.5. a.r.s Technologies GmbH Germany5.5. AUV swimmers East Asia5.5.1. DRDO India5.5.2. JAMSTEC Japan6. BIOMIMETIC UNMANNED UNDERWATER CRAFT6.1. Robot jellyfish USA and Germany7. DRIVE TRAINS, COMPONENTS AND INFRASTRUCTURE7.1. Drive trains7.2. Traction batteries7.2.1. The lure of lithium-ion7.2.2. Cells - modules - battery packs7.2.3. NiMH vs lithium7.2.4. The ideal traction battery pack7.2.5. Recent improvements7.2.6. Traction batteries today7.2.7. Trends in energy storage vs battery pack voltage
  6. 6. 7.2.8. Move to high voltage7.2.9. Many suppliers7.2.10. Pouch problems?7.2.11. The lure of lithium polymer versions of lithium-ion7.2.12. Genuinely solid state traction batteries7.2.13. New chemistries for lithium-ion batteries7.2.14. Impediments7.2.15. ABSL7.2.16. SAFT7.3. Range extenders7.4. Fuel cells7.5. Electric motors7.6. Motor position7.7. Charging infrastructure for marine EVs7.7.1. General needs and solutions7.8. Case study: Arctic under ice survey7.9. MBARI research AUV deployment8. MARKET FORECASTS 2011 2021 AND ROADMAP8.1.1. Market drivers8.1.2. Global forecasts 2011-20218.1.3. Marine EVs compared to all EVs8.1.4. Penetration of total marine market8.2. Marine market segments8.3. Market forecasts 2011-2021
  7. 7. 8.3.1. Total market8.3.2. AUV market8.3.3. Market leadersAPPENDIX 1: GLOSSARYAPPENDIX 2: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCYLIST OF TABLES1.1. Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex factory unit price inthousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2011-2021, rounded1.2. Estimate of number of manufacturers of electric marine craft by category, % pureelectric, number made, unit price ex factory and market value in 2011 and 20211.3. Forecasts by year of ex factory market value of electric marine craft by six marinesectors 2011-20211.4. 85 examples of manufacturers of electric water craft, country and type1.5. Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex factory and $ billion totalmarket value in 20111.6. Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex factory and $ billion totalmarket value in 2021 rounded3.1. Ocean Empire LSV Specifications:7.1. How to reduce the cost and increase the performance of lithium car traction batteries7.2. Improvement in cost and performance of hybrid and pure electric vehicle tractionbattery packs 2009-20207.3. A comparison of potential electric traction motor technologies7.4. Comparison of ac and dc electric motors for traction8.1. Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex factory unit price inthousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2011-2021, rounded8.2. Estimate of number of manufacturers of electric marine craft by category, % pureelectric, number made, unit price ex factory and market value in 2011 and 2021
  8. 8. 8.3. Ex factory unit price, in thousands of US dollars, of EVs sold in East Asia, 2011 to 2021,by applicational sector, rounded8.4. Ex factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold in East Asia, 2011 to 2021, byapplicational sector, rounded8.5. Global sales of electric military vehicles in number thousands, ex factory unit price inthousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded8.6. Military electric vehicle sales by region 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2020 in percentage units8.7. Indicative prices for marine EVs in 20108.8. Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex factory unit price inthousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, roundedLIST OF FIGURES1.1. Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex factory unit price inthousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2011-2021, rounded1.2. Market value of electric marine craft by sector (US$ billion) in 20111.3. Market value of electric marine craft by sector (US$ billion) in 20211.4. Market value for electric marine craft 20111.5. Market value for electric marine craft 20211.6. Number of companies making hybrid vs pure electric craft1.7. Manufacturers of electric craft by country1.8. Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex factory and $ billion totalmarket value in 20111.9. Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex factory and $ billion totalmarket value in 2021 rounded1.10. Electric vehicle upfront cost vs their traction battery energy storage1.11. Evolution of affordable, mainstream hybrid marine and other vehicles2.1. EV sectors with the largest gross sales value and profits over the years2.2. Electric vehicle value chain
  9. 9. 2.3. The dream of smart skin for land, sea and air vehicles3.1. Small electric boats for hire3.2. Electric launch3.3. Electric Boats Thailand advertisement3.4. Left to right Mr Ray Hirani, Dr Peter Harrop, Montgomery Gisborne3.5. Tamarack Loon3.6. Electric deck boat by Leisure Life3.7. Boesch Boats of Switzerland3.8. Epic hybrid electric sports boat3.9. Boote Marian Acapulco de Luxe electric boat3.10. Kitegen kite providing supplementary power to a ship3.11. Ocean Empire LSV concept with electricity from kites, waves and sun3.12. Solar powered boats for tourism cruising at 12 kph on Lake Geneva3.13. MW Line solar seagoing boat3.14. Zoom Solar powered unmanned boat gathering oil3.15. Seagoing yacht with auxiliary engine3.16. Rigged and ready, Tang is towed carefully to the launch site3.17. Plug-in Tag 60 hybrid sailboat3.18. Tag 60 at speed (CAD)3.19. Main salon (CAD)3.20. Tangs 18 kw motors3.21. A lithium-ion battery module as used on Tang3.22. EMM controls all electrical functions from touch screen consoles at each helm station3.23. Türanor PlanetSolar solar catamaran
  10. 10. 3.24. Türanor PlanetSolar - the worlds largest solar powered boat3.25. Türanor PlanetSolar out of the water3.26. Skippers Raphael Domjan of Switzerland and Gerard DAboville of France (left) standon the bridge of the solar boat3.27. The rigid-wing superyacht concept called Soliloquy3.28. Head on view of the rigid-wing superyacht Soliloquy3.29. Hybrid tugboat3.30. Engine room of the hybrid tugboat3.31. Workmen weld on the bottom of a tug boat behind the Z-drive3.32. Bratt electric tugboat4.1. A low cost sea scooter4.2. Sea scooter by Pro Audio Elite of Italy4.3. Personal submarine4.4. Wet submarine4.5. Two-person SportSub submarine4.6. Tracking the colossal squid (Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni) is now possible?4.7. Early Deepflight submarines4.8. Two seat Super Falcon4.9. Deepflight three person open submarine "Necker Nymph"4.10. Other DeepflightTM craft enclose a driver and passenger4.11. Deep Flight Aviator two-person leisure submarine4.12. Hawkes Ocean Technologies craft for deepest ocean depth.4.13. Seattle personal luxury submarine by US Submarines4.14. Submarine Powerboat from Marion HSPD
  11. 11. 4.15. Triton personal submarine4.16. US Submarines main tourist submarine4.17. Bionic Dolphin4.18. Planned Lockheed Martin vehicle mimicking a gannet5.1. Wave and sun power recharging a glider AUV before it resumes its mission5.2. Wave and sun powered sea glider5.3. Autonomous wave glider5.4. New long-range undersea robot goes the distance5.5. Thomas Hoover and Brett Hobson work on the long-range AUV5.6. The long-range AUV being towed out of the Moss Landing Harbor for a test run5.7. Brett Hobson watches Tethys floating at the sea surface in Monterey Bay5.8. The Ocean Explorer AUV5.9. Ocean Voyager II AUV5.10. Hydroid Remus 6000 AUV5.11. Kongsberg HUGIN swimmer AUV on Republic of Korea Navy ship5.12. Kongsbergs Hugin 1000 portable AUV5.13. Royal New Zealand Navy assist the search for a sunken ferry in 2009 using KongsbergAUVs5.14. Gavia AUV schematic5.15. A British Remote Controlled Mine Destruction Vehicle being lowered into the water5.16. Autosub60005.17. AUV from a.r.s Technologies5.18. Indian AUV-1505.19. URASHIMA
  12. 12. 5.20. URASHIMA mission profile5.21. Specification for JAMSTEC long range AUV6.1. AquaJelly6.2. AirJelly6.3. Japanese robot jellyfish6.4. German robot jellyfish7.1. Possible evolution of affordable, mainstream electric cars showing the convergence ofhybrid and a pure electric technologies7.2. Trend from conventional hybrid to range extended hybrid7.3. Comparison of cells, modules and battery packs7.4. Bluefin pressure compensated battery packs for AUVs7.5. Traction battery pack nominal energy storage vs battery pack voltage for mild hybridsin red, plug on hybrids in blue and pure electric cars in green7.6. Volumetric vs gravimetric energy density of batteries used in vehicles7.7. Modular Li-ion batteries for AUVs7.8. Prototype gas turbine suitable as range extender7.9. PEM fuel cell7.10. Thruster for DeepFlight two person enclosed submarine7.11. Several drive systems in a swimmer AUV7.12. Ford Siemens EV motor for central operation7.13. Hybrid vehicle electric motor7.14. Underwater docking station7.15. AUV under ice docking and in-water battery recharging provide the highest technicalrisk7.16. MBARI undersea deployment of AUV with underwater inductive charging
  13. 13. 7.17. AUV inductive charging under water in test tank8.1. Market value of electric marine craft (US$ billion) in 20218.2. Ex factory unit price, in thousands of US dollars, of EVs sold in East Asia, 2011 to 2021,by applicational sector, rounded8.3. Ex factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold in East Asia, 2011 to 2021, byapplicational sector, rounded8.4. Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex factory unit price inthousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2011-2021, rounded8.5. Leading players today

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