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Transactional & Transformational Leadership


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Transactional & Transformational Leadership

  1. 1. Transactional & Transformational Leadership
  2. 2. Central Questions: <ul><li>How do leaders create and sustain change? </li></ul><ul><li>What style of leadership is needed to motivate people to undertake change? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Transactional Leadership <ul><li>Based on the concept of exchange between leader and group members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader provides resources and rewards in exchange for motivation, productivity, effective goal, or task accomplishments </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 2 Forms of Transactional Leadership <ul><li>Contingent Reward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positively reinforce appropriate behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negatively reinforce inappropriate behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Highly ineffective and/or satisfying to all </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Management by Exception (MBE) <ul><li>Active MBE : monitor groups and correct mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez-Faire MBE : leave group alone and only interact when there are challenges </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Downside of Transactional Leadership <ul><li>Low expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Low levels of satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on short-term, immediate outcomes only </li></ul>
  7. 7. Transformational Leadership <ul><li>“The ability to get people to want to change and to lead change.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3 Elements of Transformational Leadership <ul><li>Inspiration and Charisma </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Stimulation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Consideration </li></ul>
  9. 9. Inspiration and Charisma <ul><li>Create an emotional bond between leader and group </li></ul><ul><li>How can you do this? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Intellectual Stimulation <ul><li>Challenge the group to identify and solve challenges (out of the box) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Individual Consideration <ul><li>Develop appropriate personal relationships with members </li></ul><ul><li>Treat members differently but equitably </li></ul>
  12. 12. Summary <ul><li>Inspiration and Charisma : builds and sustains an emotional bond that overcomes the psychological and emotional resistance to change </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Stimulation : provides the new solutions and innovations that empowers members </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Consideration : encourages members because they actually know the leaders </li></ul>
  13. 13. Transcendent Leadership <ul><li>We are all connected. Humankind is not divided by false distinctions such as race, gender, or even culture but is one species with a multitude of histories and experiences. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Transcendence involves <ul><li>A climate of trust by walking the talk </li></ul><ul><li>Information sharing transparency and disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful participation in all aspects of the event </li></ul><ul><li>Collective decision making Consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting and valuing divergent views </li></ul><ul><li>Redefinition of roles Associates </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Transcendent Leader <ul><li>Reflective </li></ul><ul><li>Value-Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Global in perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitator of dialogue and deliberation </li></ul><ul><li>Open-minded </li></ul><ul><li>Service above Self </li></ul>
  16. 16. Summary <ul><li>Transactional = Give something to get something </li></ul><ul><li>Transformational = Go beyond self interests for the good of the whole </li></ul><ul><li>Transcendental = Service above self </li></ul><ul><li>“To Rule or Govern is easy – To Lead is Difficult.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Thanking You </li></ul><ul><li>By:- </li></ul><ul><li>super VAR </li></ul>