Third Period Exam Study Question


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Reaction and Nationalism
The age of Imperialism
World War 1
Between two fires

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Third Period Exam Study Question

  1. 1. INTERAMERICAN SCHOOL<br />Chapter 26 Reaction and Nationalism<br />1. According to Giuseppe Mazzini, the concept of the nation-state meant ____________<br /> A) the unification of small states with different nationalities.<br /> B) a political organization consisting of one nationality.<br /> C) the end of multiple political parties in a sovereign nation.<br /> D) freeing Italy from the power of the Catholic Church.<br /> <br />2. Giuseppe Garibaldi was ____________<br /> A) an experienced military commander.<br /> B) an expert in guerrilla warfare.<br /> C) a supporter of Mazzini's short-lived Roman Republic.<br /> D) all of the above<br /> <br />3. Under Otto von Bismarck's policy of realpolitik, a nation-state ____________<br /> A) could use war to pursue its own advantage.<br /> B) should be part of a confederation.<br /> C) had no need for a strong military.<br /> D) should encourage liberal constitutional changes.<br /> <br />4. The North German Confederation, formed in 1867, ____________<br /> A) included the southern, mostly Catholic German states.<br /> B) cemented an alliance between Austria and Prussia.<br /> C) put foreign policy and national defense in Prussia's hands.<br /> D) all of the above<br /> <br />5. Why did Bismarck support the Protestants in political affairs?<br /> A) He viewed Catholics as being antinationalist.<br /> B) The pope always sided with Prussia's enemy, Austria.<br /> C) Catholics were the majority in the German Empire.<br /> D) all of the above<br /> <br />6. Bismarck was ousted from office because William II ____________<br /> A) was much more liberal than the prime minister.<br /> B) believed in the absolute authority of the emperor.<br /> C) wished to appoint socialist Ferdinand Lassalle in his place.<br /> D) wanted a Catholic to serve in that position.<br /> <br />7. The newly free Russian peasants made few political and economic gains because ____________<br /> A) the vote in elected assemblies was weighted.<br /> B) to stay on the land, they had to assume 50-year mortgages.<br /> C) the landlords got the best land.<br /> D) all of the above<br /> <br />8. One difference between the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks was that the Mensheviks believed the revolution would ____________<br /> A) be led by the peasants.<br /> B) be carried out by professional revolutionaries.<br /> C) have to be led by a large working class.<br /> D) be achieved by political actions and without violence.<br /> <br />9. Which large group in the dual monarchy wanted to form its own kingdom?<br /> A) Magyars<br /> B) Slavs<br /> C) Turks<br /> D) Moravians<br /> <br />10. Jingoism is defined as ____________<br /> A) a form of socialism.<br /> B) a class of wealthy merchants.<br /> C) extreme patriotism.<br /> D) the absence of government.<br />INTERAMERICAN SCHOOL<br />Chapter 27 The Age of Imperialism<br />NAME: _____________________________________________________________________ DATE:<br />Instructions: Underline the correct answer and next to the answer write the page number where you found it.<br />1. The term for the domination of one country's political, economic, and social life by another is ____________ <br /> A) sphere of influence. <br /> B) protectorate. <br /> C) imperialism. <br /> D) westernization. <br /> <br /> 2. Of these countries, which was most interested in imposing its culture on its colonies? <br /> A) France <br /> B) Great Britain <br /> C) Belgium <br /> D) Portugal <br /> <br /> 3. The Suez Canal came under the control of what European country? <br /> A) France <br /> B) Great Britain <br /> C) Italy <br /> D) Spain <br /> <br /> 4. What natural substance made European exploration of the interior of Africa easier? <br /> A) palm oil <br /> B) rubber <br /> C) cacao beans <br /> D) quinine <br /> <br /> 5. Who were the Afrikaners? <br /> A) Dutch settlers in southern Africa <br /> B) Protestant missionaries from Belgium <br /> C) immigrants from the Indian subcontinent <br /> D) Zulu followers of King Shaka <br /> <br /> 6. The Sepoy Rebellion resulted from ____________ <br /> A) the starvation of Indian farmers forced to grow cotton. <br /> B) Indian soldiers' resentment of their British commanders. <br /> C) the massacre of thousands of unarmed Indians by the British. <br /> D) all of the above <br /> <br /> 7. What were the spheres of influence in China? <br /> A) Chinese efforts to stop the opium smuggling by British merchants <br /> B) Chinese ports that were not defended by modern weaponry <br /> C) China's influence and control of neighboring Korea <br /> D) areas in which other countries had exclusive trading rights <br /> <br /> 8. Where was the battleship Maine when it exploded? <br /> A) the Philippines <br /> B) the Caspian Sea <br /> C) Havana harbor in Cuba <br /> D) the Panama Canal <br /> <br /> 9. What U.S. president was instrumental in gaining control over the Panama Canal for the United States? <br /> A) Theodore Roosevelt <br /> B) William McKinley <br /> C) James Monroe <br /> D) Woodrow Wilson <br /> <br /> 10. Texas joined the United States after rebelling against the armies of ____________ <br /> A) Antonio López de Santa Anna. <br /> B) Benito Juárez. <br /> C) Emiliano Zapata. <br /> D) Francisco " Pancho" Villa. <br />INTERAMERICAN SCHOOL<br />Chapter 28 World War 1<br />1. Why did Serbia want to acquire Albania?<br />A) It would complete the Pan-Slavic Empire.<br />B) Its acquisition would weaken Austria-Hungary.<br /> C) It would provide an outlet to the Mediterranean Sea.<br /> D) all of the above<br /> <br />2. The Triple Alliance brought together Austria-Hungary, Germany, and ____________<br />A) Italy.<br />B) France.<br />C) Great Britain.<br />D) Russia.<br /> <br />3. The spark that set off World War I was ____________<br />A) an ultimatum that Serbia gave Austria-Hungary.<br />B) the assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.<br />C) the mobilization of forces in Germany by William II.<br />D) Czar Nicholas II's defense of a greater Serbia.<br /> <br />4. The British entered the war mainly ____________<br />A) in response to Czar Nicholas II's ultimatum.<br />B) in defense of Serbia.<br />C) because German forces invaded Belgium.<br />D) because of its self-defense treaty with France.<br /> 5. How do governments use propaganda?<br />A) to raise morale at home<br />B) to harm an opposing country<br />C) to portray the enemy as less than human<br />D) all of the above<br /> <br />6. In a war of attrition, ____________<br />A) there is no quick, clear victory.<br />B) each side tries to wear the other side down.<br /> C) attacks are frequent.<br />D) all of the above<br /> <br />7. What new invention was in large part responsible for the United States being drawn into World War I?<br />A) tank<br />B) submarine<br />C) machine gun<br />D) poison gas<br /> <br />8. An armistice is<br />A) a large gun mounted on a tank.<br />B) the French term for " shield." <br />C) a military trial.<br />D) an agreement to end fighting.<br /> <br />9. In the Bolshevik Revolution, the two opposing parties were ____________<br />A) the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks.<br />B) the Red Army and the White Army<br />C) the Trotskyites and the Stalinists.<br />D) the Soviet Union and the Central Powers.<br /> <br />10. What was one of the most divisive issues of the Paris Peace Conference?<br />A) reparations<br />B) the League of Nations<br /> C) Alsace-Lorraine<br />D) Poland<br />INTERAMERICAN SCHOOL<br />Chapter 29 Between two Fires<br />1. Which of the following pairings of people with their professions is NOT correct?<br />A) Sigmund Freud and psychology<br />B) Albert Einstein and physics<br />C) Pablo Picasso and poetry<br />D) Sergey Prokofiev and musical composition<br /> <br />2. Which attitude did Hollywood movies of this period reflect?<br />A) Plan for the future.<br />B) Live for the moment.<br /> C) Respect the old ways.<br />D) Value conformity.<br /> <br />3. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal legislation was crafted to ____________<br />A) regulate the banks.<br />B) provide relief for the unemployed<br /> C) improve the economy.<br />D) all of the above<br /> <br />4. Of the following, which term refers to a literary style?<br /> A) isolationism<br />B) cubism<br /> C) stream of consciousness<br /> D) surrealism<br /> <br />5. Canada and Australia became completely independent states following the ____________<br />A) establishment of the Commonwealth of Nations.<br />B) end of the General Strike.<br /> C) establishment of the Irish Free State.<br />D) admission of Great Britain to the League of Nations.<br /> <br />6. The Maginot Line was ____________<br />A) France's insurance against another attack by Germany.<br />B) a coalition of several parties, including the Socialists.<br />C) a line of fortifications constructed by the Belgians.<br />D) the railroad running between Paris and Berlin.<br /> <br />7. Which of the following analogies is NOT correct?<br />A) Fascism : Italy :: Nazism: Germany<br />B) Reichstag : Germany :: Parliament : England<br />C) dictatorship : totalitarianism :: republic : democracy<br /> D) Italy : Brownshirts :: Germany : Blackshirts<br /> <br />8. Hitler became chancellor in Germany ____________<br />A) after conservative politicians backed him.<br />B) by overthrowing the legal government.<br />C) by burning down the Reichstag building.<br />D) all of the above<br /> <br />9. What did the policy of nationalization mean to the Soviet Union's economy under Lenin?<br /> A) Major industries were under government control.<br /> B) Some private businesses were allowed to operate.<br />C) Small farmers could make a profit from what they grew.<br />D) all of the above<br /> <br />10. How did Stalin's version of communism differ from Lenin's?<br />A) Stalin caused collectivization of farms.<br />B) Stalin kept agricultural production under government control.<br />C) Stalin planned economic growth by five-year plans.<br />D) all of the above<br />