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Chapter 36 latin america


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Chapter 36 latin america

  1. 1. Chapter 36 Latin America<br /> 1. Industrialization in Latin America between 1950 and 1995 was financed by ____________<br /> A) heavy taxes on campesinos.<br /> B) increasing tariffs on imports from Japan.<br /> C) borrowing from foreign banks and corporations.<br /> D) the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).<br /> 2. The United States frequently got involved in Latin American politics ____________<br /> A) because of American business interests.<br /> B) because of the cold war.<br /> C) to undermine left-wing governments.<br /> D) all of the above<br /> 3. Mexico was one of the most stable countries in Latin America mainly because ____________<br /> A) it did not have millions of poor peasants.<br /> B) it was dominated for years by one political party.<br /> C) of its strong army.<br /> D) of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).<br /> 4. In the 1980s Mexico faced a financial crisis because of ____________<br /> A) a global recession.<br /> B) a drop in world oil prices.<br /> C) the devaluation of the peso.<br /> D) all of the above<br /> <br />5. Fidel Castro was angered by the way the Cuban missile crisis ended because ____________<br /> A) he had never even wanted missiles on Cuban land.<br /> B) it meant that Russian tourists couldn't come to Cuba.<br /> C) it did not include an end to the embargo on Cuba.<br /> D) he felt that Khrushchev had given in to American pressure.<br /> 6. The government of the Sandinistas in Nicaragua ____________<br /> A) was considered by many to be a socialist dictatorship.<br /> B) fled to the United States.<br /> C) was run by contras.<br /> D) benefited from the rule of the Samoza family.<br /> 7. The death squads of El Salvador were organized by ____________<br /> A) Communist guerrillas called contras.<br /> B) wealthy landowners who feared a revolution.<br /> C) the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States.<br /> D) leftist guerrilla groups known as the FMLN.<br /> 8. The weekly demonstrations in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in the 1970s were ____________<br /> A) held by mothers protesting the disappearance of their children.<br /> B) to protest American influence on the Argentinean economy.<br /> C) to protest against Juan Per?n's administration.<br /> D) against Great Britain's presence on the Falkland Islands.<br /> 9. Which country was under the brutal dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet?<br /> A) Cuba<br /> B) Colombia<br /> C) Chile<br /> D) Brazil<br /> 10. A 15-year civil war with a Marxist guerrilla group known as the Shining Path ended under the administration of ____________<br /> A) Brazilian leader Henrique Cardoso.<br /> B) Peruvian leader Alberto Fujimori.<br /> C) Argentinean leader Juan Per?n.<br /> D) Chilean leader Salvador Allende.<br />