Simple past


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Simple past

  1. 1. Simple Past form © Beni Suárez Prado (2011-2012)
  2. 2. Simple Past tenseThings to remember about the past tense: I danced We use the same form for all the She danced subjects We danced In affirmative sentences we clasify English verbs in two groups: REGULAR IRREGULAR VERBS VERBS There is no distinction in negative and interrogative sentences
  3. 3. Regular verbs When the verb: • ends in Cons+y Study---- stud-i-edThe suffix –ED has three differentpronunciations: FORM * play ---- play-ed • has 1 syllable, ends in cons + v + cons / - t / worked, stopped, stop ------ stop – p - ed rob ------- rob- b - ed / - d / robbed, played, danced We form the past tensedance----- dance-d • ends inREGULAR –e adding –ED to the verb: VERBS / - id / painted, needed work----- worked SPELLING PRONUN- RULESopen----- opened CIATION paint---- painted
  4. 4. Irregular verbs There isn’t any rule to form irregular forms but we can clasify them: Some verbs change Some verbs don’t only one form: change its form: (usually a vowell) Put – put – put Run – ran – run Cost – cost -cost Come – came - comeSome verbs changethe simple past andpast participple forms: Some verbs have three differentBring- brought – forms:broughtStand – stood - stood Swim – swam – swum Eat – ate – eaten
  5. 5. Regular and irregular verbsLet’s revise what you have leraned with someexercises. You can also find them in the schoolwebsite:REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBSSOME GAMES WITH IRREGULARVERBS
  6. 6. To be: an irregular verb It is the only verb that changes its form depending on the person I WASN’TWAS WE WERE WEREN’TYOU YOU WEREWEREN’TWERE WASN’T THEY WEREHEWASSHE WASIT
  7. 7. Negative sentences There is NO DISTINCTION between regular and irregular verbs As in the present simple we need the auxiliar verb DO but in its past form : DID DIDN’ and the negative NOT We use the infinitive form of the verb T She ate some doughnuts for breakfastyesterdayShe EAT some doughnuts for DIDN’Tbreakfast yesterday
  8. 8. Interrogative sentences Again, there is NO DISTINCTION between regular and irregular verbs We also need the auxiliary verb DO in its past form DID before the subject 1. YES / NO QUESTIONS Rose Saw Peter at the cinema yesterday Rose SEE Peter at thecinema yesterday? DID Yes, she did
  9. 9. Interrogative sentences 2. WH- Rose QUESTIONS the cinema Saw Peter atyesterday 1. Where? Where SEE Rose Peter yesterday? DID 2. When? When SEE Rose Peter at the DID cinema ? 3. Who? Who SEE Rose at the cinema yesterday? DID