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Training Session 5 
–Almost There! 
Topics to cover: 
Soils –Plot Description 
Soils –Characterisation to 1m+ 
Soils –9 x ...
MethodSoils: Plot Description
Plot Description 
•Plot name 
•Plot location –SW corner marker 
•Erosion 
•Micro relief 
•Drainage 
•Disturbance 
•Surface...
¢ 
¢ 
¢ 
¢ 
¢ 
¢ ¢ 
¢ ¢ 
¢ 
Soil core to 30cm 
1 m core/pit 
outside, but adjacent to quadrat 
5 samples in the primary so...
MethodSoils: Characterisationto 1 m
Two Options 
•Pit or auger 
•Advantages and disadvantages to both 
•Pit can see profile 
•Auger easier –If no experienced ...
Either way you will lay out your soil samples for characterisation 
Record –why stopped 
Type of observation 
Take a photo...
PhotoColour chartHorizon identificationSoil texturing
•Optional collections available if a soil scientist present – Detailed in the manual 
•At least 500 gmscollected in a plas...
MethodSoils: Observations (9 x 30cm samples)
•9 samples collected throughout the quadrat 
•5 in the primary soil individual 
•4 throughout the rest of the quadrat 
•In...
Dig shallow pits for the 9 samples 
Take samples at 10 cm increments 
Store samples in bags
MethodSoils: Bulk Density Measures
•Bulk density essential to convert any soil measures to volume 
•Precision required for accuracy 
•Start by clearing veg f...
1.Remove the plastic caps from a stainless steel ring 
2.Place the tanner sampler on flat ground –Push the feet in gently ...
Either... 
•trim around the ring enough to place a cap on it 
Insert a trowel well below the cylinder and remove it with e...
Or.... 
•Dig around the cylinder carefully 
•Place the trowel a little under the cylinder and prise it out of the soil wit...
Carefully trim excess soil from the edge of the cylinder –this surface must be flush –this can take some time to do well 
...
MethodSoils: Sample Collection
At the end of the site you should have.... 
•1 large calico bag containing 9 snaplockbags containing 9 calico bags with si...
MethodUsing the LAI
LAI Measurements 
•AusCoverdesire to validate LAI and FPC products 
•FPC validated by point intercept 
•LAI can be validat...
LAI 2200 
–Operates closer to the ground –more appropriate for Rangelands 
–Easy to take a high number of samples 
–Instan...
LAI 2200 
•Need to avoid direct sunlight 
–diffuse light 
–constant cloud 
–dawn or dusk 
•Need above/clear sky reference ...
The device will come pre-set up –There will be no need to connect the “wand” to the console. 
You will only need to use th...
The Sensor head and fitting the lens cover
Taking an “above” Reference 
–Note the overcast sky 
The wand set up for logging points and an above reference 
Before
During 
After
Method SLATS/LandcoverIntegration 
S1 
NE 
N5 
N4 
N3 
N2 
N1 
NW 
W5 
W4 
W3 
W2 
W1 
SW 
S2 
S3 
S4 
S5 
SE 
E1 
E2 
E3 ...
The use of AusPlots data for remote sensing validation 
•Method designed to provide RS compatible data 
•Data from 1000 po...
The use of AusPlotsdata for remote sensing validation 
•Collaboration with AusCoverregarding field methods 
–will use our ...
Comparison with the SLATS star Transects 
Collected for different purposes 
SLATS 
–for RS validation of land cover produc...
1 
05/11/13, Andrew Tokmakoff 
AusPlots System Architecture 
ATechnicalOverview
2 
Objectives 
✤To understand: 
✤the AusPlots system architectureand its key functions. 
✤the AusPlots Field App’s purpose...
SystemArchitecture 
36 
cron 
InternetDataUpload 
Apache/PHP 
Field App 
Web-based Admin Interface 
(Cloud) SWARM Server
5 
Field App: what is it, and who is it for? 
✤It’s an (Android) mobile application that electronically collects field dat...
Field App: Plot Creation 
38
Field App: Site Description 
39
Field App: Veg. Vouchering 
40
Field App: Point Intercept 
41
Field App: Basal Wedge 
42
Field App: Structural Summary 
43
Field App: Plot Upload 
44
Data Management: Curation 
48 
Field App 
Web-based Admin Interface 
cron 
REST/ JSON 
Apache/PHP 
(Cloud) SWARM Server 
✤...
✤SWARM data is exported to external services 
✤Soils 2 Satellites offers visualisation 
✤(e.g. for land managers, consulta...
Summary 
✤The AusPlots Field Data Collection App (FDCA) has been used to collect field data from over 100 (of 300) plots 
...
How to get Further Info 
http://www.tern.org.au/AusPlots-pg26979.html 
Product / Service 
Description 
For more informatio...
•PPT on NERP and the future of the AusPlots program 
•Refer to Poster
PracticalWhat is in store for the rest of the week?
Practical components conducted in three groups 
spend a day in each group 
The Dirt Group 
With Rick and Christina 
•all s...
Structure of each Day 
7:00 amBreakfast 
7:20 amSummary of day 
8:00 amLeave homestead 
8:30 amArrive at field sites 
10:3...
Groups 
Group A 
Group B 
Group C 
AshleighBurke 
Danielle Allen 
Jason Boxall 
Wendy Thompson 
Jane Bradley 
Wendy Warren...
Group A 
GroupB 
GroupC 
Ashleigh, WendyT, Katy, Jeremiah, Jock, Mark, Karen, Erika (8) 
Danielle,Jane, Pete, Henrique, He...
Today –5 Theory Sessions 
Session 1 Context 
Session 2 Stratification, data uses, manual, permissions 
Session 3 Plot layo...
Summary
Ausplots Training - Session 5
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Ausplots Training - Session 5

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Ausplots Training - Session 5

  1. 1. Training Session 5 –Almost There! Topics to cover: Soils –Plot Description Soils –Characterisation to 1m+ Soils –9 x 30 cm samples Soils –Bulk density Soils –Sample collection Leaf Area Index Meter (LAI) SLATS integration The App (FDCA) What’s in store for the week Summary of the Day
  2. 2. MethodSoils: Plot Description
  3. 3. Plot Description •Plot name •Plot location –SW corner marker •Erosion •Micro relief •Drainage •Disturbance •Surface condition •Other optional measures if a soil scientist available –covered in the field section
  4. 4. ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ Soil core to 30cm 1 m core/pit outside, but adjacent to quadrat 5 samples in the primary soil individual (25 x 25m quadrat in SW corner) 4 other samples throughout the bigger quadrat
  5. 5. MethodSoils: Characterisationto 1 m
  6. 6. Two Options •Pit or auger •Advantages and disadvantages to both •Pit can see profile •Auger easier –If no experienced soil scientist there is little benefit from a pit •Pit can see layers
  7. 7. Either way you will lay out your soil samples for characterisation Record –why stopped Type of observation Take a photo of the pit if dug Record depths Identify horizons Samples discussed later
  8. 8. PhotoColour chartHorizon identificationSoil texturing
  9. 9. •Optional collections available if a soil scientist present – Detailed in the manual •At least 500 gmscollected in a plastic bag for each 10 cm increment through the profile (eg. 0-10, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40 etc. •If experienced can identify horizons and collect within these •Sample increased if significant amount of coarse fragments
  10. 10. MethodSoils: Observations (9 x 30cm samples)
  11. 11. •9 samples collected throughout the quadrat •5 in the primary soil individual •4 throughout the rest of the quadrat •In both cases aim to sample from the variety of cover / terrain options available. •Samples collected, bagged and labelled •At least 500 gmsfrom 0-10, 10-20 and 20-30cm unless stopped •GPS each location •3 samples x 9 locations per site should be placed in a larger bag and labelled for that site
  12. 12. Dig shallow pits for the 9 samples Take samples at 10 cm increments Store samples in bags
  13. 13. MethodSoils: Bulk Density Measures
  14. 14. •Bulk density essential to convert any soil measures to volume •Precision required for accuracy •Start by clearing veg from a small area •Done at 3 depths
  15. 15. 1.Remove the plastic caps from a stainless steel ring 2.Place the tanner sampler on flat ground –Push the feet in gently until the whole bottom surface is flush with the ground 3.Load the stainless steel ring 4.Place the top of the sampler in the top of the tube to rest on the stainless steel ring 5.Hit this with a rubber mallet until it is flush with the top of the device 6.Remove all of the device leaving the ring in the ground.
  16. 16. Either... •trim around the ring enough to place a cap on it Insert a trowel well below the cylinder and remove it with excess soil -none of the soil in the cylinder can be disturbed
  17. 17. Or.... •Dig around the cylinder carefully •Place the trowel a little under the cylinder and prise it out of the soil with excess •The soil in the ring cannot be disturbed
  18. 18. Carefully trim excess soil from the edge of the cylinder –this surface must be flush –this can take some time to do well Once one surface is complete, cap that end, turn the cylinder over and repeat for the other side Tape the two caps and the ring together well Clearly label and transport to a drying oven
  19. 19. MethodSoils: Sample Collection
  20. 20. At the end of the site you should have.... •1 large calico bag containing 9 snaplockbags containing 9 calico bags with silica for metagenomicsamples •1 large plastic bag with 9 medium calico bags each containing x 3 x 500 gmssnaplockbags with soil samples (from 9 distributed sites) •1 large plastic bag with 10 x 500gms snaplockbag soil samples from the pit or core •1 medium calico bad with 3 x bulk density rings in it •ALL CLEARLY LABELED!
  21. 21. MethodUsing the LAI
  22. 22. LAI Measurements •AusCoverdesire to validate LAI and FPC products •FPC validated by point intercept •LAI can be validated by Hemispherical Photography or LAI2200 •Hemispherical Photography -Potentially more accurate -Harder to set up in the field -Lowest height about 40-50 cm above ground level -Harder to process in the office –more work -Harder to get high number of samples -Larger volume of data
  23. 23. LAI 2200 –Operates closer to the ground –more appropriate for Rangelands –Easy to take a high number of samples –Instant processing –no work later –Easy to use for non experts to use in the field –Much quicker to use LAI 2200 seen as best outcome considering the needs of both AusCover (data) and AusPlots (speed and ease of use)
  24. 24. LAI 2200 •Need to avoid direct sunlight –diffuse light –constant cloud –dawn or dusk •Need above/clear sky reference fairly regularly (issue in really high canopy areas) •Recent field trip collected data to inform of optimal sampling strategy •Not operationally useful for chenopods –(re: number of samples)
  25. 25. The device will come pre-set up –There will be no need to connect the “wand” to the console. You will only need to use the “wand”. Remove it from the Pelican case. The manual will be in the case but we ask that you follow the AusPlots manual in the first instance, and then attempt calling AusPlots staff before you use the manual or change any settings. The device is significantly more complex than our application. We have simplified its operation to make it easier to use in the field.
  26. 26. The Sensor head and fitting the lens cover
  27. 27. Taking an “above” Reference –Note the overcast sky The wand set up for logging points and an above reference Before
  28. 28. During After
  29. 29. Method SLATS/LandcoverIntegration S1 NE N5 N4 N3 N2 N1 NW W5 W4 W3 W2 W1 SW S2 S3 S4 S5 SE E1 E2 E3 E4 E5
  30. 30. The use of AusPlots data for remote sensing validation •Method designed to provide RS compatible data •Data from 1000 point intercepts can be easily be converted to compatible form. •Well defined, homogeneous 1ha square that is aligned to the grid assists with validation activities. •Field data can be used to determine vegetation mapping communities, and the plot areas used for supervised classification techniques. •LAI information fed back to AusCoverto validate their RS products.
  31. 31. The use of AusPlotsdata for remote sensing validation •Collaboration with AusCoverregarding field methods –will use our data to validate many of their products –LAI Meter, Cover Measures etc –potential for spectrometer/operator to join in some of our field trips –“Tag along tour” concept •Data particularly useful for validating cover products....
  32. 32. Comparison with the SLATS star Transects Collected for different purposes SLATS –for RS validation of land cover products –Slats method is well refined for that purpose AusPlots –to provide data to inform a wide range of ecological research along with providing data for a wide range of remote sensing purposes –AusPlots well designed for maximum widespread utility of data –Can be summarised into SLATS form –now automated
  33. 33. 1 05/11/13, Andrew Tokmakoff AusPlots System Architecture ATechnicalOverview
  34. 34. 2 Objectives ✤To understand: ✤the AusPlots system architectureand its key functions. ✤the AusPlots Field App’s purpose. ✤how AusPlots data is collectedand handled. ✤the technical pathwe have taken.
  35. 35. SystemArchitecture 36 cron InternetDataUpload Apache/PHP Field App Web-based Admin Interface (Cloud) SWARM Server
  36. 36. 5 Field App: what is it, and who is it for? ✤It’s an (Android) mobile application that electronically collects field data according to the AusPlots data collection specification. ✤Who wants it? Anyone (i.e. ecological scientists and assistants) who: ✤collects, manages and shares AusPlots field data ✤wants to minimise data entry errors and transcription effort ✤wants the data to be automatically archived for easy use later on.
  37. 37. Field App: Plot Creation 38
  38. 38. Field App: Site Description 39
  39. 39. Field App: Veg. Vouchering 40
  40. 40. Field App: Point Intercept 41
  41. 41. Field App: Basal Wedge 42
  42. 42. Field App: Structural Summary 43
  43. 43. Field App: Plot Upload 44
  44. 44. Data Management: Curation 48 Field App Web-based Admin Interface cron REST/ JSON Apache/PHP (Cloud) SWARM Server ✤Apache/PHP web “site” provides a User Interfacefor data curation. ✤Allows “cleaning” of data and entry of new items such as herbarium determinations.
  45. 45. ✤SWARM data is exported to external services ✤Soils 2 Satellites offers visualisation ✤(e.g. for land managers, consultants) ✤aekos offers raw data access, data enrichment and search ✤(e.g. for ecological scientists) Publishing: 3rd parties 49 Field App cron REST/ JSON (Cloud) SWARM Server
  46. 46. Summary ✤The AusPlots Field Data Collection App (FDCA) has been used to collect field data from over 100 (of 300) plots ✤It has been developed iteratively, based upon experience from field use ✤The AusPlots solution can be readily applied toany sites which are sampled using the Protocols ✤‘Clean’ data is created by tablet ✤Data is uploaded from tablet to cloud-based server (SWARM) ✤SWARM provides facilities for data handling, curation and preservation 50
  47. 47. How to get Further Info http://www.tern.org.au/AusPlots-pg26979.html Product / Service Description For more information Accepted method The AusPlotsRangelands Survey Protocols Manualprovides a simple agreed method for anyone undertaking research or monitoring in the rangelands. Developed in collaboration with all of the rangelands' jurisdiction the method is the first nationally agreed and consistent method for rangelands monitoring. It is freely available, and is supported by a field app that streamlines data entry and download processes. In 2014 AusPlotswill release further protocols so keep an eye on this website for updates. The AusPlotsForests Survey Protocols Manualoutlines the field methodology for AusPlotsForests. The background and rationale of the project and details of bioregional stratification and site selection will be outlined in a separate document. This version of the manual (v1.0) details the methodology for (a) the installation of plot infrastructure, (b) the description of the site and (c) the core measurements that form the minimum dataset for AusPlotsForests plots. This draft edition is provided as an online resource and material from the document or its attachments should not be republished without written consent. If you have any feedback on this draft version please contact Dr Sam Wood. Click hereto view or download the AusPlotsRangelands Survey Protocols Manual Click hereto view or download theAusPlotsForests Survey Protocols Manual Data AusPlots data is available via TERN'sSoils to Satellitesand AEKOSData Portal. As at March 2014 data from approximately 130 sites is available, with more being added regularly as herbarium identifications are received. The program has collect >430 plots to date. AusPlotssite locations can be downloaded here(.kmlfile) Soils to Satellites AEKOS Data Portal Contact Andrew Tokmakoff Samples Soil and plant samples collected by AusPlots are contributed to the CSIRO National Soil Archiveand regional herbaria, with some samples stored at the AusPlots facility. These samples are available for further use by researchers. Traditional soil samples, soil metagenomicsamples, vegetation voucher samples and vegetation genetic and isotope samples may all be available for use. For more information on applying to access and use these samples, please contact Ian Fox
  48. 48. •PPT on NERP and the future of the AusPlots program •Refer to Poster
  49. 49. PracticalWhat is in store for the rest of the week?
  50. 50. Practical components conducted in three groups spend a day in each group The Dirt Group With Rick and Christina •all soils components The Veg Group Emrys and Finn •all vouchering and veg sampling •structural summary •point intercept •all general site info The Tech Group With Ben + Andrew and Sally •GPS •App (FDCA) •photo-points •basal wedge •LAI •point intercept
  51. 51. Structure of each Day 7:00 amBreakfast 7:20 amSummary of day 8:00 amLeave homestead 8:30 amArrive at field sites 10:30 amMorning tea 11:00 am Field training 12:30 amLunch on site 1:15 pmField training 3:00 pmArvo tea 3:30 pmField training 5:30 pmReturn to Homestead 6:00pmFree time 7:00 pmDinner 7:45 pmAfter dinner presentation / discussion 8:00 pm +Free time/ informal discussions on method
  52. 52. Groups Group A Group B Group C AshleighBurke Danielle Allen Jason Boxall Wendy Thompson Jane Bradley Wendy Warren Katy Wilkins Pete Lyon Darren Hocking Jeremiah Msigwa Henrique FurstenauTogashi ErnestDunwoody JockDuncan Helene Aubault LaurieTait MarkTrower Sarah Thorne Camilla Osborn Karen Rusten Matt Humphrey Lance Maddock Erika Lawley
  53. 53. Group A GroupB GroupC Ashleigh, WendyT, Katy, Jeremiah, Jock, Mark, Karen, Erika (8) Danielle,Jane, Pete, Henrique, Helene, Sarah, Matt (7) Jason, WendyW, Darren, Ernest, Laurie, Camilla, Lance (7) Monday Veg Dirt Tech @ Site 1 @ Site 2 @ Site 3 Tuesday Tech Veg Dirt @ Site 2 @ Site 3 @ Site 1 Wednesday Dirt Tech Veg @ Site 3 @ Site 1 @ Site 2
  54. 54. Today –5 Theory Sessions Session 1 Context Session 2 Stratification, data uses, manual, permissions Session 3 Plot layout, site info, point intercept, basal wedge, structural summary Session 4 Vouchering, fauna, photo-points Session 5 Soils, LAI, Slats, the app
  55. 55. Summary

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