Codata mist2005

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Codata mist2005

  1. 1. Multimedia Where do we go from here ? Using Maps and Models, SuperSigns and SuperStructures Heiner Benking International CODATA Symposium on Multimedia in Science and Technology - MIST 2005 - European Academy, Berlin, Germany September 19-20, 2005 International ICSU-CODATA Symposium Berlin, ICSU - International Council of Scientific Unions, CODATA- Committee on Data for Science and Technology
  2. 2. Please note: This is only the POWERPOINT section with reference to SuperSigns and SuperStructures (after a short introduction and orientation section) The other part of the CODATA - MIST 2005 presentation with the focus on: Maps and Models was taken from the CODATA – ISGI 2005 which took also place in BERLIN the week before. Pls. see next slide. Please note also: The collection of overheads without audio is not very helpful. Pls. Come later to find the full „multi-media“ presentation on the web. The following slides might help only for a first impression and as a reference to follow the links. Maybe see the abstract for the relevance for the future of multi-media and the CODATA MIST 2005 recommendations from all Participants (chief editor Nahum Gershon).
  3. 3. Granularity, Topicality, and Generalizatio Reflections about maps and models, orienting generalizations and their possible pragmatic and ethical implications and challenges Heiner Benking International Symposium on the Generalization of Information International ICSU-CODATA Symposium Berlin, Sept 14-16, 2005 ICSU - International Council of Scientific Unions  CODATA- Committee on Data for Science and Technology in cooperation with International Cartographic Association ICA and the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin, PTB.
  4. 4. The next 12 slides Presenting the work of the author in the field of visualization and geo- and environmental applications are used to focus on color, multi-dimensional and transdiciplinary applications, - communication and work-reports from these fields, and which assumptions like need for generalization and big-picture overview perspectives needed to tackle the issues and address future challenges. So maybe skip the next 12 slides and immediately jump to: SUPERSIGNS AND SUPERSTRUCTURES - NOW !
  5. 5. European Commission MEDICI FrameworkEuropean Commission MEDICI Framework 13.- 20. March 2002 Welcome to the Future „There is to our knowledge nothing similar to the synchronoptic world history of Arno Peters“ (1952) "Es gibt unseres Wissens keine Parallele zu Arno Peters' Synchronoptischer Weltgeschichte. (1952) http://www. zweitausendeins.de/ Peters/Presse.htm (2001) http://www.heise.de/tp/deutsch/ inhalt/buch/4788/1.html http://www.hyperhistory.com HYPER HISTORY & Reference Rooms „Die Sichbarmachung des Gleichzeitigen“ – „Visualizing the Concurrent“
  6. 6. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie Central Issues include: „ Culture and Cyberculture „ Frontiers and Challenges of Conceptual Navigation „ Orientation and Understanding „ CREATE NEW SPACES AND MAPS? http://pconf.terminal.cz/participants/benking.html http://www.ceptualinstitute.com/genre/ benking/m-p/meta-paradigm.htm http://www.ceptualinstitute.com/genre/benking/ landscape.htm In such fields the question of context and overview evolves naturally - This is essential for learning and „daring“ to forget. As a result the human right to know what something is „about“ can evolve naturally.
  7. 7. Future Prospects for Constructivism Cybernetics – quo vadis ? Heiner Benking Independent Facilitator and Futurist WISSEN ORGANISATION GESELLSCHAFT In cooperation with: American Society for Cybernetics (ACS) 2003 Conference Vienna, Austria, Nov. 13-15 Heinz von Foerster und das Biological Computer Laboratory INTERNATIONALER HEINZ VON FOERSTER KONGRESS
  8. 8. GLOBAL LEARN DAY WELCOME TO EUROPE Finding distance and perspective or feeling lost in the „woods“ and afraid of „walls“?
  9. 9. LA UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID (Dep. Comunicación Audiovisual y Pub. II) 19 – 21 de noviembre de 1998 con ARENOTEC ART-ÉDUCATION-NOUVELLES TECHNOLOGIES Alternative presentations of the periodic table or layout of chemical elements The above is a selection of pictures from Functional Classification, Appendix 4 pp.1763, Vol. 3 Yearbook of International Organisations as reproduced in part from J.W. van Spronsen, The Periodic System of Chemical Elements, a history of the fist 100 years, Elsevier 1969, and the display, the 'Magic Square' form a recently conceived and published design based on number theory as published in: Michael Stelzner, Die Weltformel der Unsterblichkeit " Vom Sinn der Zahlen " Die Einheit von Naturwissenschaft und Religion VAP Wiesbaden, 1996, ISBN 3-922367-70-4. In chapter 3: The Third Dimension, p 369-370. - http://www.ceptualinstitute.com/genre/benking/landscape.htm
  10. 10. Alternative presentations of the periodic table or layout of chemical elements A Battle of Perspectives ? GLOBAL LEARN DAY WELCOME TO EUROPE
  11. 11. MAPs & MODELs & Vizualisation
  12. 12. 1984 1986 1987 1986 1984/85
  13. 13. TAGORE-EINSTEIN COUNCIL Eighth International Tagore - Einstein Conference Programme during Asian Pacific Weeks in Berlin 15-28. September 2003 Heiner Benking: MAP & MODEL MAKER http://benking.de/GI/GI-datavisual-1987.html
  14. 14. TAGORE-EINSTEIN COUNCIL Eighth International Tagore - Einstein Conference Programme during Asian Pacific Weeks in Berlin 15-28. September 2003 http://benking.de/GI/GI-datavisual- 1987.html
  15. 15. GLOBAL SHARING & CARING Ecological thinking is: Thinking and understanding “inter” and “trans” or “Interaction along and across hierarchical scales in a concrete and sharable way” See: benking.de/ISSS & benking.de/Global-Change
  16. 16. G loba l S ha ring a nd C oping Connecting Worlds, Scales, Media, & Forms/Structures
  17. 17. SuperSigns & SuperStructures
  18. 18. SUPER-STRUCTURE In some of the next slides we see a proposal from 1993 with Paul Uhlir, CODATA, USA and others to show how long we are already trying to establish “common frames of references” across scales to locate and relate data and information, and also „signs“ in (next slides), coded – or non coded data. The proposals for a conceptual superstructure were done for example for the RIO 1992 process, see summary and outlook on behalf of NOEL BROWN, UNEP-RONA Or the ICSU CODATA 1992 in Beijing „Bridges and a Masterplan“ and 1994 in CHAMBERY with special focus on spacial space-scapes 3 and multi- dimensional. Title: A Conceptual Superstructure of Knowledge The author has developed models, schemas or grids to locate and combine knowledge since the late eigthies, (see also the CODATA- ISGI later in this presentation), see KnowMap series, And note the we called it around Knowledge Organisation (ISKO 2002) and work around Ecological Integrity and the EARTH CHARTA in 2003 a “Global Covenant”. The Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (Charles François) helped me establish some definitions for what will be presented in the next slides.
  19. 19. EWOC 04, Toronto, October 2004 SYSTEMS ENCYCLOPEDIA SECOND EDITION OF THE INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SYSTEMS AND CYBERNETICS Charles François (editor), KG Saur Verlag-Thomson, München, 2004 Updated and augmented in more than 740 pages, 1700 articles, some of them with figures, tables and diagrams, and 1500 bibliographical references. Vol. 22, no. 1 (October 2004)Official Newsletter of the International Federation of Systems Research
  20. 20. 16:00 Uhr Rundgespräch im Cum Laude Encyclopedias & Atlases in Libraries Future Aspects in regard to systematic neo-pragmatic thinking along and across representations, systems, concepts, and models 18:00 Uhr Vortrag in der Saur Bibliothek Systemics as a general integrated language of concepts and models Charles François Founder and Editor of the International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics Heiner Benking Independent Facilitator and Futurist Member of the Academic Advisory Board of the Encyclopaedia of Systems and Cybernetics Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin – BBK Berliner Bibliothekswissenschaftliches Kolloquiums 25. Mai 2004
  21. 21. LINKING HETEROGENOUS ENVIRONMENTAL DATA FOR MULTIPURPOSE APPLICATIONS: A CONCEPTUAL SUPERSTRUCTURE by Benking, Heiner, FAW Ulm, Germany Judge, Anthony J.N., Union of International Associations, Brussels, Belgium; and Uhlir, Paul, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., USA Extract of chapters of original research proposal/ concept from 1993 I. A: STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM AND RATIONALE FOR PAPER/CONCEPT 1. Increasing complexity of multidimensional problems and resulting need to integrate diverse data and information sources in resolving problems must be: a) disciplinary (all disciplines), b. Intersectorial (gov., industry, academia, public), c) international (even for local or national problems there are usually some international dimensions) 2. Proliferation of databases and digital information at all these levels make finding, understanding, and using all of the relevant information extremely difficult, if not impossible, 3. Numerous barriers to effective integration exist a) Examples... 4. Imperative to Overcome these barriers B: STATEMENT OF THE SOLUTION C: ORGANIZATION II. DESCRIPTION OF CONCEPT A Conceptual Superstructure or Scaffolding .... Other Attempts/Models Potential Applications, Examples, Why not worked/have been insufficient Why this is different III. POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS, In research, Policymaking, Business Planning, Education,... Examples, Summary, E: Summary of broad applicability IV. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONCEPT, A:, B: V. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDED ACTIONS
  22. 22. SUPER-SIGN I strongly recommend to visit: Harley, J.B. (1932-1991)/ Woodward, David (1942-): - The history of cartography vol.1; cartography in prehistoric, ancient, and medieavl Europe and the Mediterranean (1987) [University of Chicago press; Chicago/London; http://imaginarymuseum.org/MHV/PZImhv/ Wood, Dennis (1992), The Power of Maps, Guilford Press, 1992 Oliver, A., MA in Fine Art at Cardiff School of Art. http://www.annao.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/text_patterson.htm Denis Wood has stated first that maps are Supersigns and Anna Oliver has in her MA so aptly summarized that extract a few lines from her work „Maps as Signs and Codes“ here for this presentation to support this thinking and these terms when thinking about the futures of MULTI- MEDIA:
  23. 23. Maps as Signs and Codes Denis Wood, in his book The Power of Maps, describes maps thus: 'Maps are about relationships. The map is a highly complex supersign, a sign composed of lesser signs, or more accurately a synthesis of signs; and these are supersigns in their own right, systems of signs of more specific or individual function…..the map image as a whole is the supersign, and the various systems it resolves to are its constituent signs, sings that can only have meaning in relation to other signs.' In this case, the myth (according to Barthes) is signified by the whole, the supersign. Wood (1992, p108) describes how a map is a conglomeration of codes. He defines a code as that which assigns the signifier to the signified, in so doing creating a sign. So in order to understand a map, we must be able to understand the codes which make up the map.
  24. 24. CODE: 'an interpretive framework, a set on conventions or rules, which permits the equivalence of expression and content. A code legislates how something may be construed as signifying, as representing something else . In this respect signs are encoded in formation and decoded in interpretation; and it is only through the mediation of a code that signification is possible. ' 3 Wood defines two types of codes: intrasignificant and extrasignificant. Intrasignificant codes are indigenous to the map. They can be iconic, linguistic, tectonic, temporal and presentational. (Wood, 1992, p117) Extrasignificant codes operate 'outside' the map itself, and can be thematic, topic, historical, rhetorical, and utilitarian. (see maps and myths above) 'The map is simultaneously an instrument of communication - intrasignifcation - and an instrument of persuasion - extrasignification and its propensity toward myth.'
  25. 25. Conclusion As Denis Wood said, 'maps are about relationships'. 'The map is simultaneously an instrument of communication - intrasignifcation - and an instrument of persuasion - extrasignification and its propensity toward myth.' (p141) The London Underground Map was revolutionary in its day in the way it jettisoned superfluous information used on the maps of the day and focussed completely on the important relationships in the map: that is, between the lines, the stations and the river. The information given is pared down to the absolute essential, the resultant design is elegant in its minimalism, and affects the way Londoners and others perceive the geography of London. With Patterson's "The Great Bear" the opposite is true: the navigation information is removed and instead replaced with more complex, less comprehensible layers of information, from names to lines to the title. It pretends to offer ...the opportunity to travel the famous names of history and popular culture, passing a succession of comedians on the way to a philosopher.' The piece of work becomes, however, a 'metaphor for the "connectedness" of things, …..suggest[s] new relationships between them, parallel readings, other ways of configuring the data which govern our lives.'
  26. 26. The Myths of Maps Barthes describes myth as a mode of signification (not a concept, or an idea, or an object), but one on a more complex level than a 'simple' sign. A myth occurs when a signifier (in this instance ink on a page) comes together with a signified (the concept of the London Underground network) to make a sign, that is, the London Underground Map, and the sign then goes on to act once again as a signifier, in this case the idea of an easy to use transport network, also an easily navigable city. It is this last part which is the myth, in other words a second order signification, an idea that there is another layer of meaning to the sign, frequently an ideology. However there is new information. The myth could be seen as the idea that it is possible to construct a map of cultural figureheads, that there might be an easy way to systemise such an unruly concept.
  27. 27. Maps and Allegory 'Allegory is the extrinsic union, or the conventional and arbitrary juxtaposition of two spiritual facts - whereby it is posited that this image must represent that concept.’ - 'In allegorical structure, one text is read through another, however fragmentary, intermittent, or chaotic their relationship may be, the paradigm for the allegorical work is thus the palimpsest.'' To use the term 'allegory' to describe all presentations of one thing by another, would be to render the term so unspecific as to be useless. The London Underground map can be seen however as an allegory, of other maps, in that the information from geographically correct maps taken and changed into coloured lines, circles and text of the map. However the Patterson map lends itself much more to being designated 'allegorical' - the layers of information/ implication being so much more complex. Craig Owens also associates appropriation with allegory: 'Allegorical imagery is appropriated imagery; the allegorist does not invent images but confiscates them. He lays claim to the culturally significant…in his hands the image becomes something other. He does not restore a original meaning that may have been lost or obscured, …rather he adds another meaning to the image.'
  28. 28. Maps and Death of the Author - needs discussion !! One of the characteristics of postmodernist work is that of the 'death of the author', or the fall from importance of the author / artist, to be replaced by the importance of the reader. Wolff describes how a piece of work is no longer seen as a unique creation, created in isolation by the author, rather it is a manifestation of the coming together of social structures and a reflection of / result of current ideologies, beliefs and values. She describes this as '…the personal mediation of a group consciousness'. ( Wolff, 1981, p119) 'A text is made up of multiple writings, drawn from many cultures, and entering into mutual relations of dialogue, parody….a texts unity lies not in its origin but in it's destination, the birth of the reader must be at the cost of the death of the author'. A map is already an object in which the presence of the artist / author is frequently minimised, many maps aiming to give the impression that they are less a personal point of view than an accurate interpretation of 'fact'. Many maps are nowadays put together by many people, with information fed into computer software which generates the final images. Curiously though, maps have the same copyright status as works of art.
  29. 29. Bibliography Barthes, Roland (1977) The Death of the Author, quoted in Wolff, Janet, The Social Production of Art, Wolff (1981) p117 British Council Website, http://www.britishcouncil.org/singapore/arts/mcdet14. htm Croce, Benedetto (1913), Guide to Aesthetics, quoted in Art In Theory 1900- 1990, Charles Harrison and Paul Wood, 1992, published by Blackwell Publishers, p112 Harley, J.B. (1932-1991)/ Woodward, David (1942-): - The history of cartography vol.1; cartography in prehistoric, ancient, and medieavl Europe and the Mediterranean (1987) [University of Chicago press; Chicago/London; http:// imaginarymuseum.org/MHV/PZImhv/ Oliver, A., MA in Fine Art at Cardiff School of Art. http://www.annao.pwp. blueyonder.co.uk/text_patterson.htm Orth, E. W.: Was ist und was heißt Kultur? Dimensionen der Kultur und Medialität der menschlichen Orientierung, Königshauser & Neumann, Würzburg, 2000 – see also: „Der Blaue Reiter” Wood, Dennis (1992), The Power of Maps, Guilford Press
  30. 30. Bibliography: Cassirer Barthes, Roland (1977) Croce, Benedetto (1913) Deleuze Harley, J.B. (1932-1991) Hussers James Jonas, H. Merleau-Ponty Oliver, A. Orth, E. W. Peirce, C.S. Plessner, H. Ritter, C. Stachowiak, H. 81923-2004) Wood, Dennis (1992) more details to be added - listing to be extended !!
  31. 31. KnowMap Vol. 1, No. 5, August 2001 People feel fine with icons (images) and symbols, but when Peirce in his sign theory introduced something in-between what he called index they are somehow destabilized and frightened - not able to believe in the either - or world of words or metaphoric pictures. Just for the exercise we want to test Peirce's index here by considering his third category a spacial map or model. This would create room for communication and sensations when linking and merging of realities and bridge the media breaks. This in- betweening is further explored in … from chapter: Profound Ignorance and In-Between Spacial versus Spatial Part III : Panoramic Thinking and End of This Journey
  32. 32. Heiner Benking: Alte und Neue Räume, Ordnungen und Modelle für Orientierungen und Vereinbarungen UNESCO Conference: The Unifying Aspects of Cultures, Vienna 2003 From Cusanus and Peirce, to Warburg ... and further down the road less travelled „Models“ „Signs“ Library „levels“ „Cognitive Panorama“ N. v. Kues (Cusanus) C.S. Peirce A. Warburg work in progress ANALOGON INDEX ORIENTATION CONTEXTS SYMBOLON SYMBOL WORDS SUBJECTS ICON ICON IMAGE OBJECTS ACTION Systematic, communicative ETHICS & PRAGMATICS Jonas / Stachowiak ADD SYNTAX; SEMANTIC; PRAGMATIK
  33. 33. 3 Steps Towards an „Orienting Generalisation“ 1. since 1988 Cognitive Panorama Has been developed since 1988 as a TOPOGRAM with a „Blackbox“ Index-Space, 1992 „Masterplan CODATA and 1995 Conceptual Superstructure ICSU CODATA ISSS Systems Sciences & Club of Budapest 1994-1996 Council of Europe „meta- paradigm“ 1996 Knowmap Synopsis 2001 since 1999 „Switching Systems“ 2. since 1988, respectively 1992 Sign- & Mediaintegration See Fig. 1 in Bridges and a Masterplan, ICSU-CODATA 1992 from ONLINE `92 3. since 1990 resp. 1997 Orientation Generalization Action (Warburg) and Ethics (Jonas) demand, as prerequisite, for an expanded framework of cohesion and relation for media, cultures, worlds... Icons / Images Symbols Index The three sign systems (C.S. Peirce) set in relation to each other (Knowmap 2001) and combined with Abby Warburg`s Layers in 3. The Panorama as an Index-Space: Icons / Images Symbols For more see a list of publications relating to the „subjects“ humanities and cultures, systems, education, media- integration, technology, computer graphics, orientation, library-sciences, cybernetics, environmental research management (1981-2004).
  34. 34. Icons / Bilder Symbols / Symbole Embodied visual (Schau- Logik) Models for orienting generalisations (Grob-Orientierung) Signs, maps, schemas and/or Models ! NeoPragmatics & Ethics & Action REALIZE & PONDER & COMMUNICATE & ACT Index - Map or Space Heiner Benking: Alte und Neue Räume, Ordnungen und Modelle für Orientierungen und Vereinbarungen UNESCO Conference: The Unifying Aspects of Cultures, Vienna 2003
  35. 35. Topics of Kim Veltman covered in the last years include: Media as Extensions of Man - World Views, Theories of Space, Vision and Representation - Five Changes in the 20th Century - Relation and Scale - Intangible and Tangible Culture - Texts as Integrators of Culture - Rediscovery of Meta-Narratives - Local-Regional-National- International-Global - Language as Unique - Challenge of Different Levels of Distance - Cultural Activities as an Integrating Path more.... from TUAC Session: Media as Extensions of Man, World Views, Theories of Space, Vision and Representation, Five Changes in the 20th Century, Relation and Scale, Intangible and Tangible Culture, Texts as Integrators of Culture, Rediscovery of Meta-Narratives, Local-Regional- National-International-Global, Language as Unique, Challenge of Different Levels of Distance, Cultural Activities as an Integrating Path, see also ****** Kim H. Veltman Learning and Communication with Old and New Media UNESCO Conference: The Unifying Aspects of Culture, Vienna 2003
  36. 36. Kim H. Veltman: Learning and Communication with Old and New Media 10. Cultural actitvities - Figure 1. Six goals and nine means as ingredients for a new model of culture CULTURAL GOALS TECHNOLOGY MEANS 1.Connecting Pre-literacy 1. Thinking, Mental Sense Making Mythology Religion Philosophy 2. Ordering 2. Doing, Physical Sense Making Building Making 3. Expressing Literature Art Mathematics 3. Imitating Literacy 3 Representing 4. Matching Print 4. Expressing Directly via Written 5. Mixing 5 Translating Media 6. Exploring 6. Transforming Media New Media 7. Publishing with Tolerance 8. Sharing 9. Helping
  37. 37. KnowMap Vol. 1, No. 5, August 2001 People feel fine with icons (images) and symbols, but when Peirce in his sign theory introduced something in-between what he called index they are somehow destabilized and frightened - not able to believe in the either - or world of words or metaphoric pictures. Just for the exercise we want to test Peirce's index here by considering his third category a spacial map or model. This would create room for communication and sensations when linking and merging of realities and bridge the media breaks. This in- betweening is further explored in … from chapter: Profound Ignorance and In-Between Spacial versus Spatial Part III : Panoramic Thinking and End of This Journey
  38. 38. Heiner Benking: Alte und Neue Räume, Ordnungen und Modelle für Orientierungen und Vereinbarungen UNESCO Conference: The Unifying Aspects of Cultures, Vienna 2003 From Cusanus and Peirce, to Warburg ... and further down the road less travelled „Models“ „Signs“ Library „levels“ „Cognitive Panorama“ N. v. Kues (Cusanus) C.S. Peirce A. Warburg work in progress ANALOGON INDEX ORIENTATION CONTEXTS SYMBOLON SYMBOL WORDS SUBJECTS ICON ICON IMAGE OBJECTS ACTION Systematic, communicative ETHICS & PRAGMATICS Jonas / Stachowiak ADD SYNTAX; SEMANTIC; PRAGMATIK
  39. 39. 3 Steps Towards an „Orienting Generalisation“ 1. since 1988 Cognitive Panorama Has been developed since 1988 as a TOPOGRAM with a „Blackbox“ Index-Space, 1992 „Masterplan CODATA and 1995 Conceptual Superstructure ICSU CODATA ISSS Systems Sciences & Club of Budapest 1994-1996 Council of Europe „meta- paradigm“ 1996 Knowmap Synopsis 2001 since 1999 „Switching Systems“ 2. since 1988, respectively 1992 Sign- & Mediaintegration See Fig. 1 in Bridges and a Masterplan, ICSU-CODATA 1992 from ONLINE `92 3. since 1990 resp. 1997 Orientation Generalization Action (Warburg) and Ethics (Jonas) demand, as prerequisite, for an expanded framework of cohesion and relation for media, cultures, worlds... Icons / Images Symbols Index The three sign systems (C.S. Peirce) set in relation to each other (Knowmap 2001) and combined with Abby Warburg`s Layers in 3. The Panorama as an Index-Space: Icons / Images Symbols For more see a list of publications relating to the „subjects“ humanities and cultures, systems, education, media- integration, technology, computer graphics, orientation, library-sciences, cybernetics, environmental research management (1981-2004).
  40. 40. Please note: After section on SuperSigns and SuperStructures (after a short introduction and orientation section) The following slides are part on Maps and Models was taken from the CODATA – ISGI 2005 which took also place in BERLIN the week before. Pls. see the next slide.
  41. 41. Granularity, Topicality, and Generalizatio Reflections about maps and models, orienting generalizations and their possible pragmatic and ethical implications and challenges Heiner Benking International Symposium on the Generalization of Information International ICSU-CODATA Symposium Berlin, Sept 14-16, 2005 ICSU - International Council of Scientific Unions  CODATA- Committee on Data for Science and Technology in cooperation with International Cartographic Association ICA and the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin, PTB.
  42. 42. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie Basic classes of simulated reality and their proponents Reality Nature, Man Made World Virtual Reality Sutherland, Furness Augmented Reality Feiner, Stricker Augmented Virtuality Gelernter, Ishii Double Augmented Reality Mankoff Blended Reality Turner; Benking Merged and Morphed Realities Judge, Benking, see: spatial metaphors & User Interface design see: Composite Cognitive Panorama or Panopticum http://www.ceptualinstitute.com/genre/benking/visual/visualization.htm extend with and from Veltman 98
  43. 43. ORDO ET MENSURA V MAGIC SQUARE - Dr. Alfred Schinz 4 -7. Sept., 1997 Das Maßsystem von Erlitou I zweite Bauphase 72 x 72 Fuß mit den Teilungsmöglich- keiten nach der Yang-Teilung (ungerade Zahlen) und der Ying-Teilung (gerade Zahlen) Schinz, Alfred: The Magic Square Cities in Ancient China. 1996. 428 p. w. numerous ill. and maps (partly col.). 31,5 cm. Buchleinen, 3204gr. ISBN: 3-930698-02-1, - EDITION AXEL MENGES-
  44. 44. Models and „think“-models Cronenberger Ranger Frank Baldus, et. al. 2002 und Weltbilder-Welthäuser Baldus - Benking 2003 Herbert Stachowiak, 1965 - 2004 see next slide „Man is a model making animal His outstanding predictive powers give him selective advantages.“ Models of Reality - Shaping Thougths and Action Richardson, Marx, and Toth UNESCO, 1984
  45. 45. Model Thinking & Pragmatics (developed between 1965 – 2004) Herbert Stachowiak, * 28. Mai 1921, Berlin Studium Generale, Springer, 1965 Scientific Thought, UNESCO 1972 Allgemeine Modelltheorie, Springer 1973 General Model Theory Modelle und Modelldenken im Unterricht Klinkhardt 1980 Modell und Kunst, 1981 Pragmatics Pragmatik, Vol. I-V Meiner 1986-96 s.a.: Quergeist
  46. 46. G loba l S ha ring a nd C oping S ta rting P oints HARMONIZATION The first and most central entry points have been around a G7 and SRU German Environmental experts initiative which was taken up by the UN- Environment Programme UNEP - HEM. GLOBAL CHANGE The other started with the GLOBAL CHANGE conference 1988 in Moskow. Germany and other countries had been invited to present „Challenges to Science and Politics“ in form of Conferences and Exhibitions. As I was invited to contribute I had to think anew on how such complex Issues could be communicated to the broader public, raising awareness and consciousness, and being correct and helpful for scientists, politicians, and industry at the same time. I go public now 1998 as after having this touring exhibition 8 years in Germany, but never been shown outside Germany, and being updated and in high demand, there is high danger of losing this piece and milestone. Politics look east and local when the exhibition was opened in May 1990. The result we have no public eye and information about the exhibition, its scope and results. As this is fatal in my view, I fee I have to change and address that. I could have also called this UIA guest page GLOBAL CHANGE or LOCAL AND GLOBAL CHANGE - as my work started about global environmental issues in 1988 with such wide and universal themes. Only because I was involved in two or more projects at that time, and have a certain background which was about preparing and documenting decisions and presenting results, I was able to make the bridge, combine what normally is not seen as one - or in one solution. As both project concepts are not only of wider interest and unique in their approach, specially in their time we are proposing here to follow each background independently and then join in again the flow of events.
  47. 47. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie H E M I S Environmental Information SystemInstitutions Programmes Ref. Material Methods Databases Institutions RegionDatabases Methods Ref. Mat. LocationThesaurusGuided TourProgrammes Guided Tours Subject Thesaurus Help Region Location FrancaisEnglish Deutsch Choose Wählen SieChoisir EXIT ?
  48. 48. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie Harmonization and Distribution of Information via HEMIS INFOTERRA H E M I S methods/ models classification systems data- bases programmes institutions persons h i g h l e v e l d a t a m o d e l ESA EEA-TF WMO GEMS IAEA others Governments NGOs UN UNEP EARTHWATCH   Examples of sectoral / regional / specialized sources of environmental meta data Users  
  49. 49. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie ID´s dec ID´s dec ID´s dec German Language "Slice" ID´s dec ID´s of pre- decessors ID´s of pre- decessors ID´s of suc- cessors ID´s of suc- cessors position in hierarchy position in hierarchy main key wordn main key wordn synonyms, ho- monyms etc. synonyms, ho- monyms etc. help text help text ID´s dec ID´s dec ID´s of suc- cessors position in hierarchy main key wordn synonyms, ho- monyms etc. help text ID´s of pre- decessors ID´s of suc- cessors ID´s of suc- cessors position in hierarchy position in hierarchy main key wordn main key wordn synonyms, ho- monyms etc. synonyms, ho- monyms etc. help text help text "Slice" Model of the Thesauri Unique ID A1 Unique ID A2 Unique ID A3 Unique ID An ... ID´s of pre- decessors ID´s of pre- decessors ID´s of suc- cessors ID´s of suc- cessors position in hierarchy position in hierarchy ID´s of pre- decessors ID´s of suc- cessors position in hierarchy main key wordn synonyms, ho- monyms etc. help text ... ... ID´s of suc- cessors position in hierarchy main key wordn synonyms, ho- monyms etc. help text French Language "Slice" ID´s of pre- decessors ID´s of pre- decessors English Language "Slice" ID´s of pre- decessors main key wordn main key wordn synonyms, ho- monyms etc. synonyms, ho- monyms etc. help text help text
  50. 50. INST-Conference, 6-8. December 2002 Austria Center, Vienna See GLOBAL CHANGE Harmonization
  51. 51. GEO-ECO-DYNAMICS: GeoJournal, Topogramm, & ACCESS German synopsis 1986-1992 UN Year of the Mountains Ecological thinking & acting: Thinking and understanding “inter” and “trans” or “Interaction along and across hierarchical scales in a concrete and sharable way”
  52. 52. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie 1990 • German Federal Chancellery • EEES of G7 • White House Conference on GLOBAL CHANGE • UNEP-HEM
  53. 53. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie LOCAL AND GLOBAL CHANGE 1990 - 1992 - 1998 Overview is possible! - The question is: Is there a Human Right to know the context, find orientation and understanding?
  54. 54. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie
  55. 55. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie
  56. 56. Crisis of Order, Orientation, Meaning,... Die Neuen Medien - Kommunikative Gesellschaft ? Studium generale, Humboldt - Universität zu Berlin 17.1. 2000 Watch your Symbols, Icons, Words, & Metaphors, Worlds,...  a prison  a varieté  a show  a labyrinth  a bomb  a sweet pie  the final flood of post- modern Cyber Culture ?
  57. 57. Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria, Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking Source: Limits to Growth, Donella H. Meadows, Dennis L. Meadows, Jorgen Randers & William W. Behrens III, Potomac Associates, New York (1972) pls. see also The Club of Rome - The Predicament of Mankind, 1970 Subtitle of Fig 1: Although the perspectives of the world's people vary in space and time, every human concern falls somewhere on the space time graph. The majority of the world's people are concerned with matters that effect only family or friends over a short period of time. Others look far ahead in time or over a large area - a city or a nation. Only few people have a perspective that extends far into the future. * Later we can read in the book: that in contrast to the majorities focus in the quadrant in the lower left “box”, the book concerns itself with the upper right quadrant or “box”.
  58. 58. Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria, Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking Interactive relations among hierarchically ordered subsystems of an organism, Inscribed Domains, P. Weiss, In: Beyond reductionism, Alpbach 1968, pls. see more: IFSR - ISSS
  59. 59. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie Is synoptic enough ? What does it include? Immensely: small & complex & much!? Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie = Joel de Rosnay http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/macroscope/
  60. 60. The hierarchy of constitutions with the barrier to physical reductionism shown as a black border. The hierarchy of constitution with arrows showing the flow of values.s Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria, Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking
  61. 61. Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria, Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking A Systemic View or / and an Organismic General System View of the World ? R.W. Gerard 1958
  62. 62. INST-Conference 6-8. December 2002, Austria Center, Vienna Granularity and Context of Knowledge Before we write more about knowledge it should be made very clear we must differentiate among these three types or levels of knowledge: * Detailed or specialists' knowledge - very high precision and definition (granularity) in a certain subject field, language and culture. This is the domain of experts/specialists, number crunchers and search machines. * Route knowledge - where you orient one application or subject to the next, like you find your way from one corner to the next. This is the domain of experts and where new second- generation knowledge tools can be helpful, if we do not lose the context and become overwhelmed by fixed knowledge molds and patterns. * Survey or overview map knowledge - which is not only according to Kant and Popper, objective knowledge as we have an agreed upon frame or grid and can at least, in this framework, tell if something is in or out of a certain frame, overlapping with other fields, topics or issues, or possibly just a certain corner or area of that frame. This is the domain where we need our resort as humans to add shared feelings and values. This article is primarily about this third layer!
  63. 63. Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking Das soziale „Holon“ der Menschheit nach A. Taylor mit emergierenden geopolitischen System Ebenen
  64. 64. ORDO ET MENSURA V MAGIC SQUARE - Dr. Alfred Schinz 4 -7. Sept., 1997 Das Maßsystem von Erlitou I zweite Bauphase 72 x 72 Fuß mit den Teilungsmöglich- keiten nach der Yang-Teilung (ungerade Zahlen) und der Ying-Teilung (gerade Zahlen) Schinz, Alfred: The Magic Square Cities in Ancient China. 1996. 428 p. w. numerous ill. and maps (partly col.). 31,5 cm. Buchleinen, 3204gr. ISBN: 3-930698-02-1, - EDITION AXEL MENGES-
  65. 65. Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria, Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking Guilford, J. P., The Nature of Human Intelligence, New York: McGraw Hill, 1967. Structure of Intellect. [175] Cf. the work of Heiner Benking. To be publihed in 9. Augmented knowledge in the book by Kim Veltman: Augmented Books, Knowledge, and Culture http://www.isoc.org/inet2000/cdproceedings/ 6d/6d_1.htm These quests to master new knowledge owe much to systems theory, "chaos theory" (a seemingly contradictory combination of terms), complexity, [77] and developments in neural networks, whereby systematic treatments of apparently random forms bring unexpected patterns of order. What makes these trends the more significant is that thinkers concerned with the systematization of intellect, such as Guilford, have intuitively sought to link units, classes, relations, systems, etc. with products and operations (figure 12). Cf. the work of Heiner Benking.
  66. 66. GLOBAL LEARN DAY WELCOME TO EUROPE „ real spaces perceptual __________________________________ „ concept spaces conceptual http://www.meta-self.com http://ceptualinstitute/genre/ benking/borderland.htm Why not think the thing deep, take space real and serious, enjoy and play in spaces, make spaces places which can help making sense, and ease understanding ? Sharing & bridging realities
  67. 67. Using the same references or co- ordinates Imaginary Spaces Eco-Cube Blackbox Nature Rubik‘s Cube of GLOBAL LEARN DAY WELCOME TO EUROPE
  68. 68. Lost in Space? Caught in the Web ? Found in Space ?In a safety Net? TKE '99 Terminology and Knowledge Engineering Innsbruck, August 23-27 1999
  69. 69. G loba l S ha ring a nd C oping C onne c ting Worlds , S c a le s , Me dia , & F orm s /S truc ture s
  70. 70. „Using Mental Models for Nurturing Understanding of multicomplex issues like Globalisation, Cultures and Sustainability“ Eric Schneider / Heiner Benking, EWOC 2004 Presentation In order to facilitate overview & orientation in sustainability, and to support, develop and nurture pupils‘ understanding for relations and cohesion in a globalised world... >>> We utilise the potentials of imaginary MODELS, develop and switch between OLD and NEW WORLD-VIEWS...
  71. 71. Mental Architecture Models Eric Schneider / Heiner Benking, EWOC 2004 Presentation ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT ( Rees / Wackernagel) WELTHAUS - WORLD HOUSE Layout for a sustainable civilisation, built on the wisdom of 50+ cultures in a 6-year process. Chapter 2 WELTHAUS („ Thought Models“ team, Baldus and Cronenberg Rangers ) „Man is a model-making animal“ (UNESCO 1984) The Rubik‘s Cube of Ecology and the Cognitive Panorama (Benking) see also Dymaxion Map - Operating Manual for SPACESHIP EARTH (Buckminster Fuller) Spaces Subject- Object- Context-
  72. 72. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie Question Themes Focus Who? Persons, Biographical Institutions What? Subjects, Topical Objects Where? Places Geographical When? Events, Chronological Periods How? Instructions Training, Instructional Why? Explanations Goal, Philosophical, Ontological
  73. 73. LA UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID (Dep. Comunicación Audiovisual y Pub II) 19 – 21 de noviembre de 1998 con la participación de ARENOTECH Association Européenne ART-ÉDUCATION-NOUVELLES TECHNOLOGIES) A Universal Ordering System An Integrative Matrix for Disciplines and Phenomena of Human Preoccupations Matrix columns Matrix levels Matrix columns Matrix levels 1 A B A B 2 A B A B 3 A B A B 4 A B A B 5 A B A B 6 A B A B 7 A B A B 8 A B A B 9 A B A B Information Coding Classification Functional Classification I. Dahlberg (c) A.Judge
  74. 74. The ICC is in the MMI Library a basis for teaching wholeness and connectedness - what we know and how little we know ! KNOW-MAPS FOR KIDS patterns can be meanings that connect GLOBAL LEARN DAY WELCOME TO EUROPE A Universal Ordering System for Disciplines and Phenomena ICC - Information Coding Classification I. Dahlberg Matrix columns Matrix levels 9 Culture Distribution and Synthesis ) 8 Science & Information Application and Determination 7 Economic & Technology Technology and Production 6 Socio Institution or Content 5 Human Persons or Content 4 Bio Property Attribute 3 Cosmo & Geo Activity, Process 2 Energy & Matter Objects, Components 1 Form & Structure Theories, Principles 0 Subject Areas General Form Concepts
  75. 75. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie Kinds of Maps 1. Climate 2. Cultivation 3. Energy 4. Food 5. Geology 6. Medicine 7. Politics 8. Population 9. Religion 10. Terrain Scales Qualitative 1. World 2. Continent 3. Country 4. Province 5. City 6. Building 7. Ground-Plan 8. Room 9. Wall 10. Object Kinds of Choices 1. Access 2. Learning 3. Levels 4. Media 5. Quality 6. Quantity 7. Questions 8. Space 9. Time 10.Tools Why? - Purpose 1. Everyday 2. Emergency 3. Business 4. Education 5. Environment 6. Government 7. Health 8. Legal 9. Leisure 10. Religion Levels (of Knowledge) 1. Classifications 2. Definitions 3. Explanations 4. Bibliographies 5. Partial Contents 6. Full Contents 7. Internal Analyses 8. External Analyses 9. Restorations 10. Reconstructions
  76. 76. Round-Table: Ethics in Knowledge Representation and Organization Impulse Statement: What do we need ? Where do we want to go ? A Linguistic Turn ? , An Iconic Turn ? Communication Turn, Spatial Turn?,... or a Pragmatic Spin ? The construction and ethics of shared frames of references
  77. 77. Wanted: A Global (Integral) Covenant Reflections and a work report towards shared frames of references and visions in a big-picture overview „mode“ or „scaffolding“ Heiner Benking Independent Futurist and Facilitator please see also: Ecological Integrity and Earth Charter 2002 presentations TAGORE-EINSTEIN COUNCIL Eighth International Tagore - Einstein Conference Asian Pacific Weeks in Berlin 15-28. September 2003
  78. 78. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones - Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie KNOW_ MAPS for KIDS at the GLOBAL LEARN DAY The ICC in the MMI Library a basis for teaching wholeness, connectedness, what we know and how little we know !
  79. 79. Culture and Civilization: Comparative Cultural Studies: Culture, Cultural Policy, and the Media Homogenisation, Standardisation, Harmonisation, Linguistic-, Iconic-, Spacial-, Integral Turn,... Where do we go from here in an age of a globalised "Cyberculture"? Heiner Benking, Independent Facilitator and Futurist INST-Conference, 6-8. December 2002 Austria Center, Vienna Contemporaneousness of the Non-Contemporaneous Die Gleichzeitigkeit des Ungleichzeitigen
  80. 80. SUSTAINABLE INFORMATION SOCIETY - VALUES AND EVERYDAY LIFE An Integral Agenda for Coping with Globalisation and Cyberculture A Report and Reflections and about sharing extra dimensions and modern (communication) technologies Heiner Benking Independent Futurist and Facilitator
  81. 81. Global Ecological Integrity, Human Rights, and Human Responsibilities: Intersections Between International Law and Public Health, 2003, June 27- July 1, & Open Space, The Earth Charter in Action, June 26- 30, Urbino, Italy These are only 30 (out of 60) powerpoint slides as presented at the: EARTH CHARTA OPEN - SPACE: and available during the conference: Global Ecological Integrity, Human Rights, and Human Responsibilities After this selection you find 2 „hyperlinked“ slides which were written ad-hoc directly before the session to invite further explorations and digging deeper into areas of interest
  82. 82. Culture Navigation and Reference Rooms: A Futuristic „Out-look“ Questioning the next turn in Culture and „CyberCulture“ – What will happen after the „linguistic-“ and „iconic turn“ ? Heiner Benking Independent Facilitator and Futurist Associate, Millennium Project, Berlin CoLab European Commission MEDICI FrameworkEuropean Commission MEDICI Framework 13.- 20. March 2002 Welcome to the Future
  83. 83. Windows into and a WorkReport on: • E-Learning • International Cooperation • Education for Sustainability ENCOS 2004 1st European Networks Conference on Sustainability in Practice, 1-4 April 2004, Berlin Heiner Benking Independent Facilitator and Futurist
  84. 84. S8: Culture in the Multimedia Information Society Portals, Switching Systems and Reference Schemas Heiner Benking http://www.thur.de/philo/Benking/extra_skin.html http://www.thur.de/philo/Benking/effe_en.html http://www.geocities.com/~acunu/millennium/resume/res-hb.html Language Theory for the Computer Johannes Heinrichs, Heiner Benking http://benking.de/systematik-9.html http://www2.hu-berlin.de/soz-oeko/ TKE '99 Terminology and Knowledge Engineering Innsbruck, August 23-27 1999
  85. 85. Future Prospects for Constructivism Cybernetics – quo vadis ? Heiner Benking Independent Facilitator and Futurist WISSEN ORGANISATION GESELLSCHAFT In cooperation with: American Society for Cybernetics (ACS) 2003 Conference Vienna, Austria, Nov. 13-15 Heinz von Foerster und das Biological Computer Laboratory INTERNATIONALER HEINZ VON FOERSTER KONGRESS
  86. 86. Cybernetic Futures – kybernetische Zukünfte Heiner Benking Independent Facilitator and Futurist Gemeinsamer Kongress der Leibniz - Sozietät und der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Kybernetik Berliner November 2003 Ha rna c k – Ha us , Ma x - P la nc k - G e s e lls c ha ft zur F örde rung de r Wis s e ns c ha fte n e . V .
  87. 87. WELT IM WANDEL: Bonn 1990 / Rio 1992 / Berlin 2002 Global Change - Herausforderungen für Wissenschaft und Politik Kommt auf die Terrasse zur WELT IM WANDEL Ausstellung: Wir basteln dort Modelle wie wir uns ganzheitlich Themen wie: WELT, AGENDA, ÖKOLOGIE... nähern können wie wir überhaupt uns trauen können/sollten: „GLOBAL ZU DENKEN“ Baut mit uns AGENDA Bällen und Ökologie Würfel-Räume
  88. 88. • Words in Space (Wolf) • Relations, Issues, Proportions, Consequences in space (Judge/Benking) GLOBAL LEARN DAY WELCOME TO EUROPE
  89. 89. The both sides of Wholeness and the Way in-between. Fig. 147. Die Weltformel der Unsterblichkeit, Vom Sinn der zahl - die Einheit der Natur, Michael Stelzner Fig. 6: Form cosntants as mapped by the cartographer of consciousness, in Brian Horst OMNI Spt. 1980 Vision Quest - The Four Shields, for all see: http://www.ceptualinstitute.com/genre/benking/landscape.htm G loba l S ha ring a nd C oping T ra ns form a tion of Re pre s e nta tion
  90. 90. Lecture on Complex Issues and how to map and archive them. The need for an integrated systemic-cybernetic language for concepts and models Charles Francois 1 ) g e ne ra l inform a tion 2 ) m e thodolog y or m ode l 3 ) e pis te m olog y, ontolog y a nd s e m a ntic s 4 ) hum a n s c ie nc e s 5 ) dis c ipline orie nte d Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin – BBK Berliner Bibliothekswissenschaftliches Kolloquiums 25. Mai 2004
  91. 91. 1.               Insufficiency of the ... et ceteris paribus models 2.               The need for new models 3.               Mankind adapting 4.               Wishful thinking without understanding 5. New models and tools The whole is more than the sum of the parts The whole is less than the sum of the parts Many actions trigger feedbacks Feedbacks can be positive or negative Dynamic stability or homeostasis Adaptability is better than adaptation Requisite variety Thresholds and crashes Short-, Medium- and Long term 6. An example: African locusts from solitary to gregarious (Uvarov and Bredo) 7. From a collection of conceptual tools to a transdisciplinary integrated language Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin – BBK Berliner Bibliothekswissenschaftliches Kolloquiums 25. Mai 2004
  92. 92. Premier forum des solutions pour développement des musées et expositiones Journée Access Multimedia 17. - 18. Novembre 1998 - Cité des Sciences et de l‘Industrie No covenant in modern times Many Portals - but no „Common House“ Source: http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/macroscope/ „Magnetic Portals“: Information Strategy Magazine, July/August 1998
  93. 93. Die Neuen Medien - Kommunikative Gesellschaft ? Studium generale, Humboldt - Universität zu Berlin 17.1. 2000 http://www.unesco.org/webworld/infoethics_2/ index.htm http://atwww.hhi.de/USINACTS/mono.html http://www.ceptualinstitute.com/genre/benking /humane-info.htm http://www.bfranklin.edu/hubs/global/benking.htm
  94. 94. 1 ) g e ne ra l inform a tion 2 ) m e thodolog y or m ode l 3 ) e pis te m olog y, ontolog y a nd s e m a ntic s 4 ) hum a n s c ie nc e s 5 ) dis c ipline orie nte d
  95. 95. The problem: Complex SUBJECTS and ISSUES across scales and cultures and vicious problem cycles ! A solution?: Using systemic terminology, shared order systems and models, a systematic pragmatism? Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin – BBK Berliner Bibliothekswissenschaftliches Kolloquiums 25. Mai 2004
  96. 96. Schedule of the PRESENTATION 10 Minutes HeBE / ChFra C: OLD AND NEW MODELS Prepesentation Problems (SIGN THEORY) and Order Systems D: Future Outlook 10 Minutes HeBe Discussion/Conversations 30 Minutes & Reception open-end Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin – BBK Berliner Bibliothekswissenschaftliches Kolloquiums 25. Mai 2004
  97. 97. INST-Conference 6-8. December 2002, Austria Center, Vienna Profound Ignorance and In-Between The outcome of creating such a knowledge-space is quite unsettling and makes people educated through nominal thinking feel very much at unease, as we map through what is known and what is unknown. Lewis Thomas was right in saying that we are "profoundly ignorant", that "we know very little and understand even less" so making this obvious is often not appreciated. People feel fine with icons (images) and symbols, but when Peirce in his sign theory introduced something in-between what he called index they are somehow destabilized and frightened - not able to believe in the either - or world of words or metaphoric pictures. Just for the exercise we want to test Peirce's index here by considering his third category a spacial map or model. This would create room for communication and sensations when linking and merging of realities and bridge the media breaks. Pls see: http:benking.de/Global-Change/spatial-spacial.html
  98. 98. Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria, Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking Objectives: This workshop is about how to: • overcome thinking in primarily or just one "area" or “box” and see ethics and the challenge to Humanity to include space and time horizons (adapted from Hans Jonas, see: http://benking.de/jonas-1993.html) and folio 1 (Club of Rome Report) • think between scales - micro - meso - macro - cosm (see Paul Weiss folio 2) • think not dualistic, abstract, and linear, but in embodied, plastic and real way by not just using pictures, models or metaphors, but by placing and relating them in extra and conjoined realms or spaces (folio 3 and “black-box” and “cognitive panorama”) • locate and outline what issues, subjects or situations “are about” in an overview or contextual „mode“ or better map/model, neglecting the detail for a moment in order to „roughly“ orient the „what it is about“ and by locating themes, find occurrances of the same issue in different languages and cultures. (folio 4 terminology & switching space) • think spacially (embodied and immersive) instead of thinking spatially and abstract in a nominalistic instead of a conceptualistic/contextualistic constructive way or „mode“. • Combine schemas and representations in order to overcome the dogma of the one and only categrory, represntation, frame, schema, .... (metaphors are image schemas)
  99. 99. LET‘s TRY TO LEARN AND EXPERIENCE MORE, LET‘s GO BEYOND WALLS AND MODELLS? GLOBAL LEARN DAY Plan „B“ has a flaw Why not go for PLAN „D“? Searching for alternatives for knowing, presenting, representing, and sharing? The European CEC „white paper“ Towards a Learning Society started with Condorcet asking us to experience and even try new ways. The Club of Rome Report quotes the children with „get real or get lost“. Children workshops showed in 1993 that they picked the proposed concepts up very naturally and easily, they wrote as a headline „our View of Life is too Flat“. All cultures request to make words solid and use a living, embodied language with analogies and metaphors. We recommend: this Link to show that „big pictures“ (presentation of context and overview) are possible and the following work-reports and material on education, including the „10 Theses for Education“
  100. 100. Schedule of the PRESENTATION 15 Minutes ChFr / HeBe A: Orientation of Saur Publications with direct focus on the issues discussed here 1. Encyclopaedia of Systems and Cybernetics plus DEMO 2. Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential 3. Earlier publications of Saur with the German Society for Klassifikation and the INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY for KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin – BBK Berliner Bibliothekswissenschaftliches Kolloquiums 25. Mai 2004
  101. 101. A work report towards developing shared models for broader and contextual understanding and a concert of orienting generalizations for helping to overcome dualistic traps and include specialist and generalistic cultural activities. Heiner Benking Independent Facilitator and FuturistI EWOC 04, Toronto, October 2004 by Heiner Benking, Berlin Tagore-Einstein Council, Open-Forum, PNW,… Towards one possible global embodied Covenant: Models, - not just Systems, Signs, Words and Images
  102. 102. In view of the Global Action Priorities for a Sustainable Civilization we feel a lack of being able to share commons in a global knowledge society. The meso-scale tangible world is expanding and so we need to agree on common grids - a global embodied covenant - to outline and include sign systems (words and images), maps, languages, in shared common frameworks, embodied as models. - Orienting generalizations are proposed to share and “negotiate” some of the materially directly not-given or accessible. The Paper outlines old and new learning approaches - including old and new media - towards sharing and merging perspectives and realities and some projects and proposals for future education towards these ends. Abstract or Opening Statement
  103. 103. A work report, some thoughts, and what we should do about: • Maps, Models, and Orienting Geneneralisations • Lack of Context and Place in a modern Cyberculture • Signs, Turns, Turfs, and the missing shared Perspectives • Dialogue and Decision Cultures • Ethics and Pragmatics • Culture Navigation • Encyclopedia, Atlases, Multi-Media bridge-building • Global Education, like Ecology, History,... EWOC 2004, Toronto, October 2004 Action Items - “To DO” list:
  104. 104. Pls. see: „Extensions“ and excentric positionality, „workplaces of mind“ and Jean Gebser: „Only the „concrete“ can be integrated“.“ Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research Altenberg Workshops 1996/97 30. January 1997, Austria, Worldview Compositions and Cognitive Spaces - a necessary evolutionary step by Heiner Benking
  105. 105. Homogenisation, Standardisation, Harmonisation, Linguistic-, Iconic-, Spacial-, Integral Turn,... Where do we go from here in an age of a globalised "Cyberculture"? VISION TELEVISION CULTURAL RIGHTS & CULTURAL RESPONSIBILITIES UN HEADQUARTERS „THE SECOND FLOOD“ - CULTURAL CONFUSIONS REPORT ON CYBERCULTURE Pierre Levy, Council of Europe Report INST-Conference 6-8. December 2002, Austria Center, Vienna
  106. 106. INST-Conference, 6-8. December 2002 Austria Center, Vienna ABSTRACT: The paper reviews possible roots or foundations for comparing and bridging information along and across scales and cultures. In contrast to singling out certain cultures "at hand" and trying to compare only selected, well framed items, the proposal is made to look for common frames of references, shared and agreed upon maps and extensional 3- dimensional models; to provide "rooms“ or spaces to position cultures in their time, context/situation, and "thematic" neighbourhoods - and see their lineage and "overlap" - be comparative in a broader sense. Proposals presented built on: 1. a sign theory which connects symbols, icons, and indexes (Peirce) and focuses on bridging such incompatible representations, 2. ways to embody and model informational context (meta) or overview mode, 3. Lessons learned with UN and G7 proposal for the harmonisation of multilingual, multi-sectorial information worldwide from the late 80ies time ago, and 4. projects in the field of environmental and general education and decision- support for policy-making (situation rooms).
  107. 107. Kurt Hanks – Out of the Box thinking http://hanksconsulting.com/
  108. 108. Kurt Hanks – Out of the Box thinking http://hanksconsulting.com/
  109. 109. Kurt Hanks – Paradigm Mapping http://hanksconsulting.com/
  110. 110. Kurt Hanks – Paradigm Mapping http://hanksconsulting.com/
  111. 111. Kurt Hanks – Paradigm Mapping http://hanksconsulting.com/
  112. 112. Kurt Hanks – Paradigm Mapping http://hanksconsulting.com/
  113. 113. Granularity, Topicality, and Generalizatio Reflections about maps and models, orienting generalizations and their possible pragmatic and ethical implications and challenges Heiner Benking International Symposium on the Generalization of Information International ICSU-CODATA Symposium Berlin, Sept 14-16, 2005 ICSU - International Council of Scientific Unions  CODATA- Committee on Data for Science and Technology in cooperation with International Cartographic Association ICA and the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin, PTB.

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