Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers

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This powerpoint is a basic introduction to the definition, concepts, and examples of sensory processing and sensory processing disorders among infant and toddlers

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Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers

  1. 1. Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers Challenges and Support Ben J. Atchison, PhD, OTR, FAOTA Department of Occupational Therapy Western Michigan University
  2. 2. Take Aways….. Define the terms sensory processing, sensory processing disorder, and the sensory integration approach (OT-SI). Use “A. S.E.C.R.E.T” for allow analysis of sensory processing strengths and challenges Learn about a standardized assessment tool: The Infant Toddler Sensory Profile Learn about methods to include sensory processing enrichment in everyday, routine activities as well as specific challenges that need to be supported.
  3. 3. THE EIGHT SENSORY SYSTEMS • VISUAL • AUDITORY • OLFACTORY • GUSTATORY
  4. 4. THE EIGHT SENSORY SYSTEMS • TACTILE • VESTIBULAR • PROPRIOCEPTIVE • ENTERORECTIVE
  5. 5. Sensory Processing is… “…that process of detecting, registering, interpreting, responding to internal and external sensory information with an adaptive outcome….”
  6. 6. Sensory Processing …. Detection Registration Modulation Response
  7. 7. Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) Difficultydetecting, registering, interpreting, responding to internal and external sensory information with a maladaptive outcome…
  8. 8. Types of SPD SENSORY MODULATION DISORDER SENSORY DISCRIMINATION DISORDER SENSORY BASED MOTOR DISORDER SENSORY OVERRESPONSIVE SENSORY UNDERRESPONSIVE SENSORY CRAVING POSTURAL DISORDER DYSPRAXIA 8 SENSORY AREAS
  9. 9. OVER-RESPONSIVE: (SOR) LOW THRESHOLD: Responds too much/too quickly ON “HIGH ALERT” POOR FILTERING OF SENSORY SIGNALS
  10. 10. SIGNS OF SOR
  11. 11. SIGNS OF SOR
  12. 12. SIGNS OF SOR
  13. 13. SIGNS OF SOR
  14. 14. Frequent Somatic Complaints
  15. 15. UNDER RESPONSIVE (SUR) • HIGH THRESHOLD • LONGER DURATION NEEDED • GREATER INTENSITY NEEDED
  16. 16. SIGNS OF SUR Difficulty Following Directions Low Energy
  17. 17. “ Complaints of “tired eyes” frequently loses place in visual activity difficulty scanning
  18. 18. SIGNS OF SUR Doesn’t have awareness of spicy foods W Sitting/Slumped Posture
  19. 19. SIGNS OF SUR Passive Activity/Passive Participant
  20. 20. SIGNS OF UR JULY 4th Messy Eater……doesn’t mind Indifferent to heavy clothes, wool textures
  21. 21. SENSORY CRAVING • HIGH SENSORY THRESHOLD • INCREASED DRIVE=DISORGANIZATION • EXTREME OVERAROUSAL; “IN YOUR FACE”
  22. 22. SIGNS OF SENSORY (Seeking)CRAVING
  23. 23. Sensory Events Over Time Low Arousal OptimalLevelof Arousal HIGH AROUSAL Wilbarger, 1991 DISORGANIZED AND DYSFUNCTIONAL
  24. 24. Determining Sensory Challenges Support Strategies
  25. 25. Attention What is attentional state and how can it be altered?
  26. 26. Sensation What sensations are the child experiencing and how do they support or challenge the child?
  27. 27. Emotional Regulation What emotional state is the child in and what contributes to this state?
  28. 28. Culture/Context/Current Conditions The way things are typically done in child’s daily life that generates “atmosphere”
  29. 29. Relationships How do relationships help or hurt the child’s abilities?
  30. 30. Environment What elements of the physical environment challenge and/or support the child?
  31. 31. Task Is the task the “just right” match for the child’s capacity?
  32. 32. P2 P3 P4 Score Sum Section Sum
  33. 33. Supportive Strategies • FOR SOR • FOR SUR • FOR SS/SC SEE HANDOUTS
  34. 34. Occupational Therapy Using a Sensory Integration Approach (OT-SI) Bouncing Equipment Ropes or Theraband ®for pulling Therapy Balls Platform Swing Frog Swing Scooter board and ramp
  35. 35. • Ball Pit • Vibrating toys • Various Tactile • Visual Targets • Climbing Equipment
  36. 36. Fun activities that promote postural, ocular, and bilateral motor development
  37. 37. Developmental Hierarchy of Bilateral Activities Bilateral Symmetrical Bilateral Alternating
  38. 38. Crossing the Midline
  39. 39. Standard Equipment for ASI • Barrel • Vestibular “hammock” • Props to support daily occupations
  40. 40. CONTACT INFO ben.atchison@wmich.edu

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