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Grammer book 2nd semester


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Grammer book 2nd semester

  1. 1. Grammer Book2nd semester<br />Benjamin Blackburn<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Conditional + Irregulars<br />Present Perfect<br />Past Perfect<br />Present Perfect Irregulars<br />Subjunctive Perfect<br />Tanto y Tan<br />Impersonal “Se”<br />Saber vs. Conocer<br />Los Mandatos<br />Formal/Informal<br />Affirmative Commands<br />Negative Commands <br />15. Irregular Commands<br />16. DOP and IOP <br />17. Nosotros Commands<br />18. Mono Verbs<br />19. Subjunctive<br />20. Irregulars<br />21. Trigger Phrases <br />22. Impersonal Expressions<br />23. Expressions of Emotion<br />24. Conjunctions of Time <br />25. Demonstrative Adjectives<br />26. Demonstrative Pronouns <br />
  3. 3. Conditional + Irregulars<br />Words like would, could, and should.<br />Gustar type words are often used with it.<br />Endings<br />íaíasíaíamosíaisían<br />
  4. 4. Present Perfect <br />Formed by combining “has” or “have” with the past participle.<br />Two verbs are required (Main and Auxiliary verb).<br />
  5. 5. Past Perfect<br />Combines the use of the auxiliary verb (had) with the past participle.<br />Also requires two verbs (Main and Auxiliary verb).<br />Use the imperfect tense with the past participle.<br />
  6. 6. Present Perfect Irregulars<br />
  7. 7. Subjunctive Perfect<br />Formed by using present subjunctive of helping verb with the past participle.<br />Example: I (have)….<br />
  8. 8. Tanto y Tan<br />Used to form comparisons of things with equal qualities using nouns.<br /> tanto(-a,-os,-as) + noun + como<br />Used to form comparisons of things with equal qualities using adj. or adv.<br /> tan + adjective (adverb) + como<br />
  9. 9. Impersonal “Se”<br />Put verbs in the 3rd person and have it follow “se”.<br />Se + 3rd person verb<br />
  10. 10. Saber vsConocer<br />Saber is used when you know a fact, to know something thoroughly, or to know how to do something.<br />Conocer is used when something learning a person, place, or thing.<br />
  11. 11. Los Mandatos<br />Used to directly give someone an order.<br />Can be formal, informal, nosotros, affirmative or negative.<br />
  12. 12. Formal/Informal<br />
  13. 13. Affirmative Commands<br />
  14. 14. Negative Commands <br />Formed the same as the Affirmative commands except you just put a “no” in the front. <br />
  15. 15. Irregular Commands<br />
  16. 16. DOP and IOP<br />Placed before verb to answer who and what.<br />Placed before the verb to answer whom and for whom.<br />
  17. 17. Nosotros Commands<br />Command used when the speaker is involved.<br />Just add “no” before the verb.<br />(no) Lets + (verb)<br />
  18. 18. Mono Verbs<br />Affirmative nosotros commands>> drop the finial “s” before adding pronouns.<br />To make it negative just add a “no” before.<br />(no)(verb)mos + nos = (verb)monos<br />
  19. 19. Subjunctive<br />The subjunctive is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity: Things like doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity.<br />Yo form of present indicative>>drop “o”>>add appropriate ending.<br />
  20. 20. Irregulars<br />TVDISHES<br />-car, -gar, -zar verbs<br />
  21. 21. Trigger Phrases<br />Esperarque…<br />Insistiren que…<br />Mandarque… <br />Preferirque… <br />Prohibirque… <br />Quererque…<br />Es aconsejableque…<br />Es necesarioque…<br />Pedirque…<br />Recomendarque…<br />Rogarque…<br />Sugerirque…<br />
  22. 22. Impersonal Expressions<br />Expressions that introduce an aspect of uncertainty.<br />
  23. 23. Expressions of Emotion<br />Es maloque …it's ( too) bad that<br />Es mejorque … it's better that<br />Es peorque … it's worse that<br />Es preferibleque … it's preferable that<br />Es raroque … it's strange that<br />Es tristeque … it's sad that<br />Es útilque … it's useful that<br />Estarcontentoque … to be happy that<br />Estartristeque … to be sad that<br />Extrañarseque … to be amazed that<br />Gustarseque … to like<br />Másvale que … it's better that<br />Sentirque … to regret, be sorry that<br />Sorprenderseque … to be surprised that<br />Temerque … to fear that<br />Tenermiedoque … to be afraid that<br />
  24. 24. Conjunctions of Time<br />Así que… as soonas<br />Cuando… when<br />Despuesde que… after<br />En cuanto… as soonas<br />Hasta que… until<br />Luego que… as soonas<br />Tan pronto como… as soon as<br />
  25. 25. Demonstrative Adjectives<br />An adjective that points out something. <br />
  26. 26. Demonstrative Pronouns<br />Used to stand for nouns instead of modify them.<br /><ul><li>estas (those)
  27. 27. esas (that)
  28. 28. aquellas (those)</li></li></ul><li>