Resilient city and seismic risk: a spatial multicriteria approach

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Resilient city and seismic risk: a spatial multicriteria approach
Lucia Tilio, Beniamino Murgante, Francesco Di Trani, Marco Vona, Angelo Masi - University of Basilicata

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Resilient city and seismic risk: a spatial multicriteria approach

  1. 1. GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS, URBAN MODELING, SPATIAL STATISTICS 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach Lucia Tilio, Beniamino Murgante, Francesco Di Trani, Marco Vona, Angelo Masi
  2. 2. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 summaryFacing with disasters Risks Management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient CityA spatial Multicriteria approach Conclusion and directions
  3. 3. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  4. 4. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Messina, 28 december 1908 S. Giuliano, 31 october 2002L’Aquila, 6 April 2009 Potenza, 23 november 1980 Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  5. 5. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Need to be SuperHeroes ???
  6. 6. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 No!need to be normalFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  7. 7. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Decision makers …and to act! Common scientists peopleFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  8. 8. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 forecasting assessment … prevention Risks Management post- protection emergency emergencyFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  9. 9. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Exposure Hazard Vulnerability RiskFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  10. 10. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Hazard Global map, Giardini, Gryintal, Shedlock, Zhang, 1999Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  11. 11. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Exposure Population density (people per km2) by country, 2006 Miguel Contreras, lala land, 2007Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  12. 12. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 VulnerabilityFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  13. 13. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Structural vulnerability VulnerabilityFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  14. 14. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Structural vulnerability Vulnerability Urban vulnerabilityFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  15. 15. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 to Minimize Urban Vulnerability to Maximize Urban ResilienceFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  16. 16. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Resilience System state Se And then ? Td time Se = Equilibrium State Td = DisasterFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  17. 17. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Resilience Planned preparation Spontaneous adjustmentsFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  18. 18. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Resilience Social aspectsFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  19. 19. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Resilience Resilience is capacity of a system, community or society potentially exposed to hazards to adapt by resisting or changing in order to reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning and structure and is determined by the degree to which the social system is capable of organizing itself to increase its capacity of learning from past disasters for better future protection and to improve risk reduction measures.Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  20. 20. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Human communities Resilient City Physical Systems Public Buildings Bridges Citoyens Associations Institutions Buildings Lifelines Roads Organizations Strategic BuildingsFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  21. 21. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Resilient CityFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  22. 22. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Resilient CityFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  23. 23. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Resilient City: how to identify? In Marsicovetere, Basilicata Region, South of ItalyFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  24. 24. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 Marsicovetere (e Villa d’Agri) Important town in the Valley, “Val d’Agri” Seismic AreaFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  25. 25. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 spatial multicriteria modelFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  26. 26. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 a raster model pixels are the decisional alternativesFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  27. 27. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Accessibility a pixel is as better as it is closer to road networkFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  28. 28. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Slope a pixel is as better as its slope is lowFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  29. 29. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Proximity to urban area a pixel is as better as it is closer to urban areaFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  30. 30. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Proximity to strategic buildings a pixel is as better as it is closer to strategic buildings (e.g. hospitals)Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  31. 31. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Distance from hydrographic network a pixel is as better as it is further to hydrographic networkFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  32. 32. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Structural Vulnerability a pixel is as better as it its vulnerability is lowFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  33. 33. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Structural Vulnerability Marsicovetere Villa d’Agri a pixel is as better as it its vulnerability is lowFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  34. 34. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps Structural Vulnerability a pixel is as better as it its vulnerability is lowFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  35. 35. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 criterion maps High Seismic Hazard Areas a pixel is as better as its seismic hazard is lowFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  36. 36. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 constraint maps High Landslide Risk and Flooding Areas a pixel is removed if its landslide and flooding risk is highFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  37. 37. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 constraint maps Seismic Microzonation a pixel is removed if soils characteristics are not goodFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  38. 38. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 constraint maps Areas physically occupied by buildings and roads a pixel is removed if it is “occupied” by structures and infrastructuresFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  39. 39. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 weights definition Pairwise comparison according to Saaty A “neutral” scenario: all criteria have same importance. A “functional” point of view: criteria related to accessibility and built-up areas proximity are more important than others. three scenarios A “safety” point of view: criteria related to natural risks are more important than others.Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  40. 40. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 weights definition Pairwise comparison according to SaatyFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  41. 41. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 resilient cityFacing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions
  42. 42. Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach GEOG-AN-MOD L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi 2011 conclusions A first approach to resilient city identification More criteria Some lack of information A map to communicate resilience How to maximize resilienceThe right scale? to diversify alternatives Another multicriteria model?Facing wth Risks Vulnerability Resilient Spatial Multicriteria Conclusions and disasters management and Resilience City Approach directions

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