Web Based Integrated Models for Participatory Planning National Technical University of Athens School of Rural and Surveyi...
The   development   of an   Integrated Assessment Model   (IAM) that embeds the   web dimension to promote  Participatory ...
PARTS OF THE PAPER PART 1:  Concepts of  IA  and  P articipatory  IA PART 2:  List of  I ntegrated  A ssessment  M odels P...
Integrated Assessment – IA: Interdisciplinary process  of  combining ,  interpreting   and   communicating   knowledge  fr...
reflective and iterative  participatory process   that takes into account the  social context   in which  scientific  and ...
IAMs :   simulate   natural  and  socio-economic systems Goal :  to  analyze  one or more of the  cause-effect chains  of ...
PART 2:   List of Integrated Assessment Models <ul><li>Divided into: </li></ul><ul><li>evaluation policy models </li></ul>...
I. Evaluation Policy Models   consider the effects of a single policy option on biosphere ,  climate , and  economic   sys...
<ul><li>II. Optimization Policy Models   </li></ul><ul><li>assess the optimal policy  ( trade off </li></ul><ul><li>expect...
PART 2:   List of Integrated Assessment Models ( S=Simple C=Complex) C S C Eval. Rotmans 1995 TARGETS S C C Eval. CEC 1992...
LandGEM  model ( Land fill  G as  E missions  M odel) designed by  U . S .  E nvironmental  P rotection  A gency ( USEPA )...
How it Works!! PART 3:   LandGEM IA Model Climate Type Landfill Open and Closure Year Mass of Waste   CAA Default Paramete...
I. Inputs Climate :  conventional  and  arid  type of climate Landfill Open and Closure Year : Year of  opening  and  clos...
II. Model Equation k  =  methane generation rate  determines the rate of methane generation for the mass of waste L 0   = ...
How it works!! PART 3:   LandGEM IA Model <ul><li>III. Emissions   </li></ul><ul><li>total landfill gas   </li></ul><ul><l...
A Web based Integrated Assessment Model- LandGEM   PART 4:   Development of PIA Model Gas emissions LandGEM Typical Diagra...
A Web based Integrated Assessment Model- LandGEM   PART 4:   Development of PIA Model Structure of a Web Based IA Model
Tools Co-operating with IA M PART 4:   Development of PIA Model <ul><li>co-Operating Tools : </li></ul><ul><li>web questio...
Transformation of Web Based LandGEM into a PIA Model   PART 4:   Development of PIA Model STEPS : Step 1.   Transformation...
Structure of Participatory Integrated Assessment Model  PART 4:   Development of PIA Model
Attributes of PIA Model   PART 4:   Development of PIA Model PIA Model Facilitates Participatory Process as able to : Esti...
CONCLUSIONS I 1.  the  transformation process , may  hold for any IA model , that simulates socio-economic, environmental ...
CONCLUSIONS II 3.  the  transformation  from the LandGEM  expert oriented  model into a  user oriented model  enables the ...
CONCLUSIONS III 5.   LandGEM PIA model  could be  combined  with important tools of the planning process, such as  web que...
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Web Based Integrated Models for Participatory Planning

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Web Based Integrated Models for Participatory Planning
Grammatikogiannis Elias, Maria Giaoutzi - School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA)

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Web Based Integrated Models for Participatory Planning

  1. 1. Web Based Integrated Models for Participatory Planning National Technical University of Athens School of Rural and Surveying Engineering Department of Geography and Regional Planning Elias Grammatikogiannis Maria Giaoutzi June 20th - June 23th, 2011 , University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain &quot;Cities, Technologies and Planning&quot; (CTP 11) Sixth International Workshop on &quot;Geographical Analysis, Urban Modeling, Spatial Statistics&quot; GEOG-AN-MOD 11
  2. 2. The development of an Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) that embeds the web dimension to promote Participatory Spatial Planning by increasing awareness in society, on environmental issues GOAL
  3. 3. PARTS OF THE PAPER PART 1: Concepts of IA and P articipatory IA PART 2: List of I ntegrated A ssessment M odels PART 3: the LandGEM IA Model PART 4: Development of a PIA Model
  4. 4. Integrated Assessment – IA: Interdisciplinary process of combining , interpreting and communicating knowledge from diverse scientific disciplines (where the whole cause–effect chain of a problem can be evaluated from a synoptic perspective) PART 1: Concepts of IA and PIA (Rotmans and Dowlatabadi,1997)
  5. 5. reflective and iterative participatory process that takes into account the social context in which scientific and political activities operate Participatory Integrated Assessment - PIA ( ULYSSES Project) approach that allows to combine evaluations of experts ( scientific judgments ) and lay people ( valuations of non-scientists ) ( Schlumpf et al. (1999 ) PART 1: Concepts of IA and PIA
  6. 6. IAMs : simulate natural and socio-economic systems Goal : to analyze one or more of the cause-effect chains of an environmental problem , to describe the relation between human activity and environmental change PART 2: List of Integrated Assessment Models
  7. 7. PART 2: List of Integrated Assessment Models <ul><li>Divided into: </li></ul><ul><li>evaluation policy models </li></ul><ul><li>optimization policy models </li></ul>
  8. 8. I. Evaluation Policy Models consider the effects of a single policy option on biosphere , climate , and economic systems and are also known as simulation models PART 2: List of Integrated Assessment Models
  9. 9. <ul><li>II. Optimization Policy Models </li></ul><ul><li>assess the optimal policy ( trade off </li></ul><ul><li>expected costs and benefits of climate </li></ul><ul><li>change control) </li></ul><ul><li>identify policies ( minimize the costs of achieving a particular goal) </li></ul><ul><li>simulate the effects of an efficient level of </li></ul><ul><li>carbon abatement on the world economy </li></ul>PART 2: List of Integrated Assessment Models
  10. 10. PART 2: List of Integrated Assessment Models ( S=Simple C=Complex) C S C Eval. Rotmans 1995 TARGETS S C C Eval. CEC 1992 PAGE S C S Opt. Manne, 1993 MERGE S C S Opt. Mori 1995 MARIA C C C Eval. Wigley, 1993 MAGICC C S C Eval. Alcamo 1994 IMAGE C S C Eval. Dowlatabadi Morgan 1995 ICAM S S S Opt. Chapuis, 1995 DIAM C omplex S imple C Eval. Morita 1994 AIM Atmosphere Economy Climate Detail Type Author Model
  11. 11. LandGEM model ( Land fill G as E missions M odel) designed by U . S . E nvironmental P rotection A gency ( USEPA ) automated gas emission estimation tool with Microsoft Excel interface General Information PART 3: LandGEM - IA Model
  12. 12. How it Works!! PART 3: LandGEM IA Model Climate Type Landfill Open and Closure Year Mass of Waste CAA Default Parameters Inventory Default Parameters Landfill Characteristics Default Parameters Options Greenhouse Gas Emissions LandGEM Equation I II II III
  13. 13. I. Inputs Climate : conventional and arid type of climate Landfill Open and Closure Year : Year of opening and closure of the landfill Waste Acceptance Data : The volume of waste accepted in Landfill in (Mg) How it works!! PART 3: LandGEM IA Model
  14. 14. II. Model Equation k = methane generation rate determines the rate of methane generation for the mass of waste L 0 = potential methane generation capacity the higher the cellulose contents of the waste, the higher the value of Lo How it Works!! PART 3: LandGEM IA Model
  15. 15. How it works!! PART 3: LandGEM IA Model <ul><li>III. Emissions </li></ul><ul><li>total landfill gas </li></ul><ul><li>methane </li></ul><ul><li>carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>non-methane organic compounds (NMOCs) </li></ul><ul><li>but also individual air pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>from municipal solid waste landfills </li></ul>
  16. 16. A Web based Integrated Assessment Model- LandGEM PART 4: Development of PIA Model Gas emissions LandGEM Typical Diagram of IAM
  17. 17. A Web based Integrated Assessment Model- LandGEM PART 4: Development of PIA Model Structure of a Web Based IA Model
  18. 18. Tools Co-operating with IA M PART 4: Development of PIA Model <ul><li>co-Operating Tools : </li></ul><ul><li>web questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>geovisualization tools </li></ul><ul><li>multicriteria methods </li></ul>ELECTRE PROMETHEE etc. Google Earth Web GIS platforms etc.
  19. 19. Transformation of Web Based LandGEM into a PIA Model PART 4: Development of PIA Model STEPS : Step 1. Transformation of the aggregated input data, into personal data ( individuals’ behavioural patterns ) Step 2. Estimation of personal contribution to GHGs Step 3. Calculation of the impacts of the behaviour “ what if everyone acts like the model user ”? Step 4. Sharing , with other users , the results of personal contributions
  20. 20. Structure of Participatory Integrated Assessment Model PART 4: Development of PIA Model
  21. 21. Attributes of PIA Model PART 4: Development of PIA Model PIA Model Facilitates Participatory Process as able to : Estimate greenhouse gas emissions from household waste disposal Assess greenhouse gas emissions “ if everyone acts like the model user ” Share users’ greenhouse gas emissions on web Provide an open in access , autonomous and web accessible model for both experts and laymen
  22. 22. CONCLUSIONS I 1. the transformation process , may hold for any IA model , that simulates socio-economic, environmental etc. phenomena 2. useful tool for handling problems that require both the monitoring of behavioural patterns and the assessment of peoples’ contribution to the problem under study
  23. 23. CONCLUSIONS II 3. the transformation from the LandGEM expert oriented model into a user oriented model enables the communication of the scientific knowledge to the broader public 4. by embedding , the web dimension an open access, innovative and autonomous PIA model has been created, that could inform people on the impacts of their behaviour
  24. 24. CONCLUSIONS III 5. LandGEM PIA model could be combined with important tools of the planning process, such as web questionnaires , geovisualization tools, multicriteria methods etc. 6. barriers to be overcome in order to implement the Web Based PIA Models efficiently, are the user friendliness of the model interface that should become as accessible as possible to the lay user.
  25. 25. THANK YOU

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