Robertson ch12

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Robertson ch12

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO FIRE PREVENTION Seventh Edition • James C. Robertson Chapter 12 International Practices in Fire Prevention Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, Seventh Ed. © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  2. 2. Overview• Similarities• Differences• Lessons to be learned Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  3. 3. Death Statistics• United States• United Kingdom• Canada• The Netherlands• Czech Republic Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  4. 4. Fire Death Statistics• Canada • Russia – Similar to the – 18,000 fire United States fatalities annually – Residential fires – Five times U.S. • 85% of fatalities rate • 46% of dollar loss Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  5. 5. Number of Fires• United States• The Netherlands• United Kingdom• Russia Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  6. 6. Comparison of Fire Numbers• United States • Netherlands and – 2.5 fires per 1,000 United Kingdom people – .9 fires per 100 people Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  7. 7. Causes of Fires• Differences in reporting• Variables• Challenges in comparisons Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  8. 8. Variables• Placement of stations• Units per station• Construction practices• Occupancy factors• Authority to inspect Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  9. 9. Masonry outer wall construction limits conflagration in many countries, thereby permitting closeproximity of structures as found on Santorini Island, Greece. (Photo: Kim Borofka) Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  10. 10. Station Locations• Europe – Very few stations compared to size – More units per station• American system allows for a faster application of water Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  11. 11. Occupancy Factors• Europeans may have lived several generations in the same house – More apt to value home – Renters have less interest Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  12. 12. Fire Prevention Education and Enforcement• Japan• Germany• United Kingdom• New Zealand Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  13. 13. Research in New Zealand indicates a major change in flashover time as a result of changes infurniture construction. (Source: Way Forward New Zealand, Fire Commission) Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  14. 14. Authority for Inspections• Russia – Strong fire prevention program – Inspectors are disciplined for preventable fires in their territory Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  15. 15. European Fire Prevention• Many fire preventionalists hold advanced degrees• Many come to agency from other agencies at a management level Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  16. 16. Canadian Fire Safety• “Learn Not to Burn” program• Fire Prevention Canada• Smoke alarms Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  17. 17. Fire Codes• Application• Practices• Procedures Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ
  18. 18. Summary• Uniqueness of the United States• Similarities with other countries• Possible solutions Robertson, Introduction to Fire Prevention, 7/e © 2010 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ

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