The War In The Pacific


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The War In The Pacific

  1. 1. The War In the Pacific
  2. 2. Objectives: <ul><li>By the end of this lesson you will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key battles in the Pacific Theater. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Gen. MacAurthur and Admiral Nimitz. </li></ul><ul><li>Define the term Island Hopping. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the importance of victory in the Pacific. </li></ul>
  3. 3. War in the Pacific <ul><li>Japan held a great deal of territory early in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States had a tough time after Pearl Harbor because of the lack of ships . </li></ul><ul><li>F.D.R. knew something had to be done to weaken the Japanese. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Plan is Hatched. <ul><li>Two key figures devised a strategy to drive the Japanese out crucial locations throughout the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>General Douglas MacArthur and Admiral Chester Nimitz called for U.S. forces to go on the offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>General MacArthur led the Army , and Admiral Nimitz led the Navy and Marine Corps. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A New Strategy <ul><li>The idea of attacking the enemy and driving them out of certain locations as opposed to every island was called “ leap-frogging .” </li></ul><ul><li>The allies would use these key islands to supply forces and keep the war effort going. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Army Training Sir!!!! <ul><li>General MacArthur used the leap-frogging strategy to march his way to the Japanese mainland. This strategy was later known as Island hopping . </li></ul><ul><li>His campaign took him through Guinea and the Philippines. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Battle of the Coral Sea <ul><li>May 7-8, 1942 . </li></ul><ul><li>It was the first major battle in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>It was won by Japanese forces. However it was an important victory for U.S. forces as well. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Midway <ul><li>June 4-7, 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Massive Naval battle that occurred between Japanese Navy and U.S. Naval forces . </li></ul><ul><li>This was a key turning point in the war. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Guadalcanal <ul><li>August 7, 1942 to February 21, 1943. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Soldiers and Marines inflicted heavy losses to the Japanese forces. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tarawa <ul><li>November 20-26, 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Marines invaded the island and stormed a Japanese airfield. </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides lost many men and the battle was named “ Bloody Tarawa .” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Guam <ul><li>Guam was an important island located in the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>It became a base that the United States took from the Japanese. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Iwo Jima <ul><li>Feb. 16 to March 26, 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Marines stormed the island and then defeated the Japanese at Mt. Suribachi . </li></ul><ul><li>Very famous photograph was taken here. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Okinawa <ul><li>April 1, 1945 to July 2, 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Americans, Japanese, and Okinawan civilians lost their lives here. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Calling for Help <ul><li>General MacArthur had noticed that the Japanese forces were fighting to the death. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked President Harry S. Truman for help. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Questions to think about <ul><li>How do you think the war in the Pacific would have turned out if the Japanese were able to defeat the Allies at Guadalcanal? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the importance of island hopping and leap frogging? </li></ul>