Oscar niemeyer


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Oscar niemeyer

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  2. 2. “I am not attracted to straightangles or to the straight line,hard and inflexible, created byman. I am attracted to free-flowing, sensual curves. Thecurves that I find in themountains of my country, in thesinuousness of its rivers, in thewaves of the ocean, and on thebody of the beloved woman.Curves make up the entireUniverse, the curved Universeof Einstein”― OSCAR RIBEIRO DE ALMEIDA NIEMEYER 2
  3. 3. • Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (born December 15, 1907) is a Brazilian architect specializing in INTERNATIONAL MODERN National Congress of Brazil, Brasília ARCHITECTURE.• In the 1940s, 50s • During the 1950s while Brasilia was and 60s "he starting to develop, Oscar Niemeyer established himself made incredible contributions to the as one of country by designing many important Modernisms buildings in Brasilia. greatest • He is a pioneer in exploring the formal luminaries," while possibilities of REINFORCED 3
  4. 4. IDEOLOGIES & PHILOSOPHIES• Niemeyer is most famous • His buildings are for his use of abstract characterized by being forms and curves that spacious and exposed, specifically characterize mixing volumes and empty every one of his works. space to create• he didn’t stick to traditional unconventional patterns and straight lines; he is not often propped up by piloti. attracted to straight angles • Niemeyer was able to or lines but rather he is connect the baroque style captured by “free-flowing, with modern architecture sensual curves” leading to a new form of• He designed & built curved architecture, which had never architecture through his been built in Brazil before. revolutionary usage of • He believed that concrete. Architecture, technology• His designs were daring: and nature be integrated 4 mixing innovation and
  5. 5. MAJOR WORKS• UN Headquarters, New York city• Óscar Niemeyer International Cultural Centre, Spain.• Ibirapuera Auditorium, São Paulo. City Administrative Building, Brazil• Centro Administrativo de Minas Gerais (City Administrative Building),Brazil• Itamaraty Palace, Ministry of External Relations, Brazil• Church of Saint Francis Church of Saint Francis of Assisi, Brazil of Assisi, Brazil 5
  7. 7. Palaucio-da-Alvorada Casa das Canoas, Rio de Janeiro. Ministry of External Relations, BrazilUN Headquarters, New York 7
  8. 8. Auditorio Ibirapeura Niemeyer International Cultural Centre, SpainEdifício Copan- TheCopan building 8
  9. 9. C O N T E M P O R A RY I N T E R I O R S Stairwell as sculpture - Centro Cultural Oscar Niemeyer Stairwell as sculpture-Ministry of Foreign Affairs by Oscar 9
  10. 10. Lobby ofBrasiliaPalace Interior of Auditorio Ibirapeura 10 Interior of Auditorio Ibirapeura
  12. 12. THE STRICK HOUSE 12
  13. 13. Interior of Museum of Contemporary Art, Niteroi, BrazilInterior of Memorial da AmericaLatina 13
  14. 14. Interior of Central Communist Party Vaulted ceiling interiors at theBuilding, Paris, France Museu Oscar Niemeyer in Curitiba. 14
  15. 15. Interior LandscapesInterior of Palácio da AlvoradaInterior of Palácio da Alvorada 15
  16. 16. Interiors of Copan Apartment, Brazil 16
  17. 17. C AT H E D R A L O F B R A S Í L I A• The Cathedral of Brasília is the Roman Catholic cathedral serving Brasília, Brazil.• It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer, and was completed and dedicated on May 31, 1970.• This concrete-framed hyperboloid structure, seems with its glass roof to be reaching up, open, to heaven.• The cathedral is a hyperboloid structure 17 constructed from 16
  18. 18. • In the square access to the temple, are four bronze sculptures with three feet tall, representing the evangelists.• Inside the nave, are the sculptures of three angels, suspended by steel cables.• The dimensions and weight of the carvings are 2.22 m long and the shorter one hundred kg, 3.40 m long and two hundred kilograms the average and 4.25 m in length and most three hundred kilograms.• The baptistery was ovoid in 18 shape.
  19. 19. • Each piece is inserted into triangles with base 10M and 30’ high and were painted.• At the entrance of the cathedral, is a pillar with passages from the life of Mary, mother of Jesus.• Niemeyer saw a compact and clean concept, a volume occurring with the same purity from any perspective and for times of deep religious expression.• In the air born outside the structure of the earth is a cry of faith and hope, then, the gallery is located in semi-darkness to 19 prepare the faithful to show
  20. 20. T H E N I T E R Ó I C O N T E M P O R A RY A R T M U S E U M• The Niterói Contemporary Art Museum (Museum de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói — MAC) is situated in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and is one of the city’s main landmarks. It was completed in 1996.• Designed by Oscar Niemeyer with the assistance of structural engineer Bruno Contarini, who had worked with Niemeyer on earlier projects, the MAC-Niterói is 16M high; its cupola has a diameter of 50M with three floors. 20
  21. 21. • A wide access slope leads to a Hall of Expositions, which has a capacity for sixty people.• Two doors lead to the viewing gallery, through which can be seen the Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, & Sugarloaf Mountain.• The saucer- 21 shaped
  22. 22. C O N T E M P O R A RY F U R N I T U R E Hotel Lobby Furniture 22
  23. 23. Oscar Niemeyer - TableThe Broyhill Brasilia Round LampTable could be used as a small coffeetable or end table. The furnitureemulates the spirit of Oscar Niemeyer’sdesign, complete with his distinctiveswooping curves.Constructed ofcarefully matched walnut veneer withframes of solid pecan. 23
  24. 24. C H A I R & O T TO M A N • Leather, chrome platedPair of Oscar Niemeyer lounge chairs hardware, ebonized bentand ottomans wood. • Used in drawing rooms & 24
  25. 25. Bentwood, caning and leather rocking chaise longue. This chaise epitomizes Brazil; its sensuous curves recall its landscape as well as its feminine forms.Rocking chaise, by Niemeyer, 1978. Chaise, by Niemeyer, 1978. 25
  26. 26. Chaise longue in multilayered wood open poreblack stained. Cushion and head-restupholstered and covered with soft leather. Chaise Lounge Vertebrae Chair 26