Karnataka & andhra pradesh


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Karnataka & andhra pradesh

  2. 2. GUTTHU HOUSES• The Gutthu Houses of the land owning community of south Karnataka are large, inward looking Hindu Mansions.• The typical Guttu house has a steeply pitched roof, combining single & double storeyed blocks around a courtyard.• It is the isolated home of a well-to-do family designed to deter attacks.• The façade is usually symmetrical around a central projection, the tallest and most impressive feature of the house.• The principal building material is wood.The Khamb-Wooden pillars in atraditional Bunt house called Guthu Mane DRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  3. 3. • Guthu mane - traditional homes of bunt community of coastal Karnataka.• Such traditional Bunt houses can still be seen across the Tulu Nadu region• A rather square complex with ample space for storage all around.• The pillars are made of wood.• There are usually 4 doors, one on each side of the square complex.• The roof is of Mangalore tiles. • One of the well preserved houses, Kodial• The inner square is an open area - Guthu, stands at the centre of Mangalore city. a place often utilized to dry stuff • Royal houses of the Bunts are called the the natural way with sunlight. Aramane. DRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  6. 6. KODAVA HOUSES - AYNMANE• The KODAGU (COORG) district in Karnataka is the only region of the south known for its martial people.• Every Kodava belongs to a clan or Vokka. There are more than 300 clans within the community. • About 200 years ago these grand• Every clan lived in a Ain-Mane- homesteads bustled with activity. Ancestral house. • The granaries were filled with stocks of• The Patriarch and Matriarch of the rice to last a year. clan lived in the Ain house with their • Firewood was chopped and stocked to sons and their families. see them through the long monsoon.• However as families grew bigger there • The Ain house resonated with the shouts was a need to build more living space. of grand-children, the clatter of horse Usually the younger sons moved away carriages, bullocks, pigs, chickens and and built their own houses. the barking of hunting dogs. DRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  7. 7. 2 massive columns at the entranceThe central open courtyardDRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  8. 8. • Joint family system was the hallmark in the "Ain Mane culture. Men and women cultivated paddy on their land under the leadership of the master of the family and shared the bounty after the harvest.• The ancestral house is marked by the deeply cut passage called "oni, leading to the front.• The "oni is paved with rough stones and has sloped walls on either side.• An ideally built "Ain Mane resembles a fort.• The Ainemane has always been a mirror reflecting the • On festivals and important Kodava culture. occasions, Vokka (clan)• This ancestral abode is a remarkable structure and a members gather at the place of unique bonding. Ainmane and partake in the• The structure of this building is thought to be ceremonies held there. symbolic of the unity in the family. DRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  9. 9. • Also called the Gurukarana Mane or • The Ain Mane, depending on the wealth Gurumane, the Ainemane gives of the clan stands surrounded by the Kodavas their family name. huts of the farm workers and animal• Several family units put together sheds. A well provides fresh water. comprise a Vokka.Each Vokka owns an • It has a sloping tiled roof to face the Ainemane. onslaught of the torrential monsoon.• The Kings who ruled Kodagu built their • There is a central courtyard which is Palaces following the architectural open to the sky. style of the Taravad houses of the • A narrow corridor runs all around the Nairs of Kerala- proof of the courtyard connecting to the rooms. cordial relations between Kodagu • Usually the kitchen is at the rear of the and Kerala. house or even a little away to keep the• Typically the Ain Mane stands on a smoke away. hillock surrounded by paddy fields, • The toilet and bathing area is always swaying arecanut trees and coffee away from the main building. plantations. D R A V I D I A N S O U T H - K A R N A T A K A
  10. 10. • The prime position at the Ainemane is • The front region of this ancestral held by the Karona, the head of the family house is a canopied open hall called that owns this house the Kaiyale.• A one-storied, square-shaped building • It consists of a 2-feet high seater of with an attic, the Ainemane has two doors thick wooden plank which is used as at its entrance. a bench, called Aimara.• Always in an elevated position, it faces • Daughters-in-law of the house are east. Steps lead uto a Kayyale – verandah, not allowed to sit on Aimara where pillars supporting the tiled roof are whereas married daughters of the attached to bench like planks. house can sit on it.• Ainmane has an open roof space in the • Elders of the family usually sit here middle, so that rain water is collected to exchange cordialities, discuss within and excess water is drained out. various issues and take important• The house consists of two doors to go to decisions. backyard. DRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  11. 11. • Two massive wooden poles adorn the • Images of sun, moon, flowers etc. adorn entrance. Kannikamba and main doors, signifying• The central Nadubaade would consist that Kodavas were nature worshippers. of three wooden poles. • An integral part of Ainmane is Kaimada• The first pole is called as — an important structure built in Kannikamba — it supports the whole memory of the founder of that family or roof of Ainmane. Vokka.• The kannikamba is as significant as • It is a prayer place which is used during the thook bolcha (hanging lamp) lit happy or sad ceremonies. everyday at the Nellakki Baade • At Ainmane, the prime position is given to (prayer room). karona, the head of that particular• During ceremonies, family members family. would seek blessings by touching the • Unique feature about Kodava culture is base of kannikamba and then the feet that men and women share same kind of of elders. respect, status and position. DRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  12. 12. • Padasale – The rectangular hall around which the rooms are arranged.• Mundu – The inevitable open courtyard in the centre,• Kanni Kombara – Prayer place, where a deity is installed; Here, the karona(family ancestor) symbolized by a lamp is worshipped and offered food at festivals.• Kitchen – sacred; the mud oven/stove should face east. OLD-WORLD CHARM: The verandah of an Ain Mane, where portraits of ancestors are displayed. DRAVIDIAN SOUTH - KARNATAKA
  14. 14. Kaccha buildings of Andhra Pradesh are ofthe following two types: CIRCULAR in Plan with high thatched conical roofs RECTANGULAR with two or four pitch roofs. Dravidian South – Andhra Pradesh
  15. 15. • Built of mud or mud and wattle, the • Alongside houses are basketwork house is raised on a plinth decorated thatched stores for fodder or fuel and with finger marks in white rice paste open sided rectangular or round cattle or vertical stripes of white and red sheds; chicken batteries etc., ochre. • More substantial houses are roofed• White Kolam are auspicious patterns with factory made tiles. on the ground(floor) outside the door. • Some have the local variety, small and• Thickly thatched, the roof projects and moulded- which combine two types – V comes down very low on all sides, shaped for the lower rows running even at the entrance. down the slope and rounded for the• This arrangement makes the house upper. more weather-tight in an area prone to cyclones and heavy rainfall.• The interior of the house is divided into two or three rooms. Dravidian South – Andhra Pradesh
  16. 16. • The traditional coastal andhra village was typically a cluster of round mud houses.• The houses were built close to each other in a circular formation so that the cyclonic winds that often hit the coast bounced off tangentially away from the cluster.• Houses with two family units were often roofed and walled in rectangular form. Dravidian South – Andhra Pradesh
  17. 17. CHUTTILLU• Chuttillu from Coastal Andhra Pradesh.• This house cluster is found in Visakhapatnam , Andhra Pradesh.• In Andhra it is locally referred to as ―Chuttillu‖ which means a round house (illu stands for house).• In cyclone-prone areas, fishermen and agricultural farmers build circular houses which nestle closely to form clusters.• The shape and the positioning help the houses battle against the raging winds.• The roads leading into a hamlet were the usual narrow mud paths, opening into large open spaces, around which mud and thatch huts lay strewn. 18
  18. 18. • The house consists of an inner circular room which is enveloped by another circular space that serves as the kitchen on one side and a store or a sitting/sleeping area at the other end.• The grain for the family’s annual consumption is stored in the inner room in clay urns and all the main belongings of the household.• During winter, this room was also used for sleeping.• In the summer, the family slept outdoors or Plan of the Hut/House on the spacious verandah that was a part of every house. • The circular house was based on• There is also a cooking area or vantasala the concept of a verandah and just outside the house. again verandah. Dravidian South – Andhra Pradesh
  19. 19. • There is sometimes a shelter for the bullock cart.• A house will have a large container made with twigs or bamboo and mud for storing un husked rice or dhanyam.• The inner room received light only through the door to the room. Chicken battery Cattle Shed• Because of the extremely low overhang of the thatch roof, it was better not to have windows.• And the low overhang was to protect Interior of the mud walls from the rains. the Hut Wall & floor Kitchen decorated with kolam 20
  20. 20. Traditional Kolams- patterns with Rice paste outside the house RECTANGULAR HUTDravidian South – Andhra Pradesh
  21. 21. • The walls are built by the cob wall technique that places balls of mud to make an 18‖ thick wall.• Palmyra timber is used for rafter, palmyra thatch for the roof and lime wash for the wall finish.• There is a flat mud roof and timber roof under Cob Wall the sloping thatched roof that protects the belongings in case of a fire. Dravidian South – Andhra Pradesh