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  1. 1. Communities Plagued by Violence
  2. 2. Restoring Recreation to CommunitiesPlagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  3. 3. Presenters Karis Griffin Reco BembryRestoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  4. 4. Objectives:1) Identify how recreation professionals and administrators confront the problems of violence at the center or parks.2) Identify essential services to a community in crisis.2) Identify partnerships and resources to support programs to reduce violence in high risk communities3) Identify best practices of prevention, intervention and enforcement programs to reduce violence.Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  5. 5. Socio-Historical Context:Physical and psychological damageRestoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  6. 6. Socio-Historical Context:Physical and psychological damage Dis-Honor Honor Dis-Respect Respect Dis-Engagement Engagement De-humanization Human Dis- Organized OrganizedRestoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  7. 7. Most DangerousPoliceDrugsYouthHousingBusinessEducation
  8. 8. Most Dangerous Department 1 in 100 staff murdered in 12 months Higher loss rate than police and fire 2 murders in just 5 months in 2008 7 staff jumped and beaten on the job 2 hospitalized in a 6 month period “Unarmed staff serving a armed community”
  9. 9. Most DangerousDealing with the Loss
  10. 10. Historical Context Racism Sexism ClassismWe blame our parents for the conditions of youth today which limited our ability to civically and socially engage…… “Too much focus on school and church alone” -The Tree man
  11. 11. Historical Context Recreation Parks & ConservationRacism Sexism Classism First President of NRPA in 1980 Second President installed 22 years later in 2002 Title 9 Urban Youth Agenda as opposed to a Youth Agenda
  12. 12. Identifying Fear, Risk, and Protective Factors in a CommunityUn-Commonly reported Common CommonFear Factor Risk Factors Protective FactorsPolice Police PoliceDrugs Drugs DrugsYouth Youth YouthHousing Housing HousingBusiness Business BusinessEducation Education ERestoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  13. 13. Violence in Urban America: Mobilizing a Response (1994)Within recent years, the National Research Council has published three major reports that describe what is known about various aspects of violent behaviors. The first, Understanding andPreventing Violence, provides a comprehensive synthesis of the research literature on violent human behavior and patterns ofviolence in American society. The second, Losing Generations:Adolescents in High Risk Settings, describes the environments in which todays adolescents are growing up, and the influence of context on the development of antisocial or self-destructive behaviors. The third report, Understanding Child Abuse andNeglect, analyzes what is known about child abuse and neglect, including its impact on adolescent and adult behavior.Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  14. 14. Forbes – Most Dangerous Cities in America ( Business Perspective) No. 1 DetroitPopulation in 2006: 884,462Number of murders: 418Number of murders per 100,000 residents: 47.3 No. 2 BaltimorePopulation in 2006: 637,556Number of murders in 2006: 276Number of murders per 100,000 residents: 43.3 No. 3 New OrleansPopulation in 2006: 431,153Number of murders in 2006: 162Number of murders per 100,000 residents: 37.6Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  15. 15. No. 4 Newark, N.J.Population in 2006: 280,877Number of murders in 2006: 105Number of murders per 100,000 residents: 37.4 No. 5 St. LouisPopulation in 2006: 346,879Number of murders in 2006: 129Number of murders per 100,000 residents: 37.2 No. 6 Oakland, CaliforniaPopulation in 2006: 398,834Number of murders in 2006: 145Number of murders per 100,000 residents: 36.4Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  16. 16. 10 Most dangerous cities in America have specific likeness in characteristicsFear Factors >T >R >I >C >SPolice Drugs > > > > >Youth > > > > >Housing > > > > >Business > > > > >Education > > > > >Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  17. 17. Safest and Most Dangerous U.S. Cities, 2007 Safest Most dangerous Rank City City 1. Mission Viejo, Calif. Detroit, Mich. 2. Clarkstown, N.Y. St. Louis, Mo. 3. Brick, N.J. Flint, Mich. 4. Amherst, N.Y. 5. Sugar Land, Texas Oakland, Calif. 6. Colonie, N.Y. Camden, N.J. 7. Thousand Oaks, Birmingham, Ala. Calif. North Charleston, S.C. 8. Newton, Mass. 9. Toms River, N.J. Memphis, Tenn. 10. Lake Forest, Calif. Richmond, Calif. Cleveland, OhioNOTE: Cities with 75,000+ population. The rankings are based on a citys rate for six crime categories: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and motor vehicle theft. Source: Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  18. 18. Physical Mental and Social DevelopmentRestoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  19. 19. Re-entry
  20. 20. Re-positioning recreation services(public safety strategy, police, fire, recreation): Key Strategies - Planning, Partnerships Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  21. 21. Recreation is an essential service and must be recognized as such.750 Billion bailout for “Wallstreet”Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  22. 22. Attributes of High Quality Services:• economically accessible (i.e. sliding scale)• accessible to all age groups regardless of location• affirm the value and importance of creativity and art• integrate holistic practices (yoga, tai chi, nutrition) •K Griffin Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  23. 23. Contact InformationReco Bembryrbembry@oaklandnet.comOffice Ph# 1-510-238-2003Karis Griffinkgriffin@oaklandnet.comOffice Ph# 1-510-238-3052
  24. 24. Communities Plagued by Violence New Session Series
  25. 25. City of OaklandOffice of Parks and Recreation Project Resolve Radical Roving Recreation Receiving Centers Re-entry Audree V. Jones-Taylor, Director
  26. 26. VSI Model Governor BT&H Mayor Visioning Business Department Strategy Regional Leader Directors LocalStaff/Community Implementation Business/Customers Juvenile Accountability Block Grant
  27. 27. Citywide Public Safety ModelPrevention City of Oakland CA.Intervention Community Involved Prioritization ProcessEnforcement Unresolved Crime Issues CommunitySustainability Violence Crime Enhanced Public Safety Enhanced Enhanced Public Safety Coordinating Council Public Safety Coordinating Council Coordinating Council Area 2 Area 3 Area 1 Response Maintenance Blight Housing Citywide Public Policy Council
  28. 28. PIES Model Recreation ServicesStrategies to resolve violence in the City of Oakland adopting the public safety strategies Prevention 6-12 Summer Camps Afterschool Playground Programming (Oakland School Yard) Intervention 13-17 Radical Roving Recreation Oakland Parks Corps (Youth Development) Midnight Basketball/Late Night Sports Enforcement 18-24 Receiving Center (s) Court-ordered Service Restitution Sustainability 25-30 Voluntary Community Service Workforce Development
  29. 29. Project Resolve (Re-Organized) Community Sustainability IndividualT Wellness Ethos Prevention m I?R A H tH H tH ho ? ow e ow e Ge Ge W Di re? Di re? Enforcement Logos dI dII H tT H tT ow he ow he Pathos Physical Fitness Ge Ge m Do re? Do re? eA her ng? I IC W oi IG Health Group TeamS³ Intervention
  30. 30. R³ = Project ResolveThe combination of three Strategies to reduce violenceRadical Roving Recreation A creative recreation delivery method used to expose at-risk youth to a variety of core programs and services • (see model next slide)Receiving Center (s) A recreation center location used to provide services to juveniles with minor infractions during peek times for criminal or illegal activity such as; curfew violations, public indecency and intoxication.Re-entry - Innovative recreation programs and support services for youth and young adults reentering society after incarceration
  31. 31. Project Resolve Model (RRR) Community Sustainability Dinner@ 6 IndividualT •Catering •Food Prep Wellness Ethos Prevention Community Service m I? oA •Social H tH H tHR h ? ow e ow e •Environmental Ge Ge •Technology W Di re? Di re? dI dI Enforcement Radical StudioI •Airbrush H tT H tT •Music Production ow he ow he Logos Ge Ge •Dance m Do re? Do re? eA Physical Fitness her ng? I IC W oi Radical Sports IG •Circle Sports, Inc Health Pathos •Late Night Softball •Twilight Soccer Life Skills •DV TrainingS Intervention Group •Values Transference Team •Conflict resolution
  32. 32. Civic Model For Change
  33. 33. Civic Model for Change Building TRICS The TRIANGLE OFFENSE  Trust, Respect, Integrity The KASH  SLE, SLM Developmental Assets  Internal, External The CREW  The 3, the 12, the 70 “You can’t give what you don’t have” • R. Bembry
  34. 34. Proposed Strategies Oakland Los Angeles UL-LA Prevention Sustainability Re-entry Intervention AmistadProject Choices Diversion Enforcement Municipal Community Based VSI - Summit Based Model Model Civic Model for Change
  35. 35. Top 5 Ways to Build Stronger Student-Adult Relationships to Prevent School Violence: 1. Crime ReportingStudents can develop systems that allow witnesses to report crime safely, accurately, and even anonymously. 2. Youth Patrols & Safety EscortsStudents can work together in a formal structure, with help from adults, to patrol the campus of the schoolin pairs or small groups, acting non-confrontationally to help maintain order, enforce rules, and report crimeor crime-threatening situations. 3. Conflict ResolutionTeaches students basic techniques for cooling off a situation and getting to a good ending for everyone. 4. Peer Mediation & CounselingEstablish programs to train peers to help fellow students in their day-to-day problems. 5. Action ProjectsActivities planned by students to help deal with a specific need on campus or in the surrounding community,or to raise awareness of an issue or potential problem before it becomes widespread.Youth Crime Watch of America, 2008 Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  36. 36. THE CREW
  37. 37. Civic Model for Change Building TRICS The CREW  The 3, the 12, the 70 David Mitchell, Spokane WA
  38. 38. “ Rule #1 You must have a “CREW”What is a crew?  A group of individuals working as a team to serve our respective communityWhere do we recruit crew members?  Your hood, your church, your school…, your family, your friendsHow do we deal with crew conflict?  Open ended questions……  Establish rituals  Develop a crew culture
  39. 39. Do you have a “Crew?” Lead Link Member“The get it done people”  M. LANDRY
  40. 40. Building the “Crew” Lead– “A get it done person who can receive andgive orders but simultaneously hear feedbackand criticism”  M. LANDRY
  41. 41. Loss of a CREW Member“Hurt People Hurt People” Zuberi
  42. 42. Building the “Crew” MemberThe Person (s) on the crew who is committedto the team “first” the culture keeper…. R. Bembry
  43. 43. Building the “Crew” Links“The Person (s) on the crew who links to othercrews and uses that influence to help yourcrew. “ Fredrick Lee Morris III, Oakland CA
  44. 44. The CREWIf you have no Crew!“You have no clue” Oliver - Oct NRPA Conference, Baltimore MD 2008
  45. 45. Mental and Physical Stimulation is required for good health in all citizens.Restoring Recreation To Communities Plagued by Violence © 2008 Karis Griffin
  46. 46. Civic Model for Change Building TRICS “You can’t give what you don’t have” • R. Bembry
  47. 47. Rule #2 Surrogate Parenting“When there’s no father or mother someone must fill that void” Respect -Fredrick Lee Morris, III“When you establish RESPECT with youth & staff you must work hard to respond and to maintain it” James Hampton, Seattle – City Year, Executive Director
  48. 48. Surrogate Parenting Provide nurturing of a surrogate parent or guardian – enhancement Enhance protection and reduce risk surrounding youth - where possible Develop Assets among youth and staff… internal and external…. Staff need what youth need….the most powerful word in the world LOVE……. R Bembry
  49. 49. Surrogate Parenting“Give a child a fish feed him for a day, teach a child to fish - they feed themselves for a life time” Integrity ANON
  50. 50. Partnerships “What you say and what you do are the same” “Your word is your bond” Which part do you play on the ship Part-ner-ship You can’t get it done alone
  51. 51. Communities Plagued by Violence