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Health Insurance Portability Accountabilty Act

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  1. 1. LEARNING TEAM C Law Enforcement and HIPAA
  2. 2. What is HIPAA <ul><li>The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act enacted by the U.S. Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Improves efficiency in healthcare delivery by standardizing electronic data interchange </li></ul><ul><li>Protects confidentiality and security of health data through setting and enforcing standards </li></ul>
  3. 3. What law enforcement should know about HIPAA <ul><li>HIPAA has changed the way hospitals are allowed to release information </li></ul><ul><li>The privacy regulations established must be kept confidential </li></ul><ul><li>The backlash of violating privacy can be devastating </li></ul>
  4. 4. Areas in which criminal justice personnel should be familiar with <ul><li>Release of Patient Information and Property </li></ul><ul><li>Communicable Diseases, Mental Health, Alcohol and Drug Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Law Enforcement Presence at Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Release of Blood and Body Fluids </li></ul>
  5. 5. Release of Patient Information & Property to Law Enforcement <ul><li>Proper documentation and/or patient consent is required in most cases </li></ul><ul><li>The exceptions would be cases of abuse, property obtained during commission of a crime, or to prevent serious harm from occurring to individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation is not required in cases of national security. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Release of Information Regarding Communicable Diseases, Alcohol, Drug and Mental Health <ul><li>Patient authorization required in most cases </li></ul><ul><li>Court orders or search warrants must be obtained </li></ul><ul><li>If the individual is a threat the release of information can be secured </li></ul>
  7. 7. Law Enforcement Presence at Hospitals <ul><li>Allowed as security or to prevent a suspect from leaving </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowed to disclose any information they see or overhear while present at the hospital </li></ul><ul><li>While obtaining information or speaking to individuals officers must not interfere with medical care of a patient </li></ul>
  8. 8. Release of Blood or Bodily Fluids <ul><li>In most cases patient consent is required </li></ul><ul><li>DUI of DWI patient consent is not required if the individual is dead or incoherent or harms another individual. </li></ul><ul><li>If during a traffic accident a death or serious injury occurs, patient consent is not required </li></ul>
  9. 9. For more information on HIPAA <ul><li>For more information about HIPAA and law enforcement go to http://www.azhha.org/public/uploads/ACF62EA.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation only covered basic information in which you should be aware of </li></ul>