The 2011 Demos report argues that helping young people navigate hugely variable Internet sources should be achieved not by tighter controls but by ensuring they can make informed judgements (4).The move towards independent learning is again key not just to our practices but in our thinking – we should think less about the internet causing harm (passive learning model) and instead focus on what young people bring to the technologies – helping them equip and empower themselves with an understanding of how to apply critical judgement.The Guardian’s high-provile digital literacy campaign for radical change to how ICT is taught and thought about in schools, JISC’s portfolio of projects around the digital library, data management, digital repositories, and Vitae’s events for the ‘Digital Researcher’ – all show that this concept of digital literacy or fluency is becoming of national importance (at last!). In this environment we have a chance to rehabilitate IL.
JaneInfluenced by UNESCOHolistic ModularEmbedded FlexibleActive and assessedTransitional : Transferable : TransformationalJaneholistic: supporting the whole process of researching and writing rather than just teaching traditional library skills modular: ongoing classes to meet the developing needs of students during their whole academic career, not just one-shot sessions embedded and flexible: can be implemented and taught not only by librarians but by study skills advisors, learning developers, supervisors and lecturers (depending on the needs and structure of the institution) active and assessed: containing a significant element of active and reflective learning, including peer assessment elements, in order to help students develop into informed and autonomous learnersTransitionalTransferableTransformationalTransition occurs in learners, who enter university from a wide variety of backgrounds, but often need to make the transition from school to higher education. They also have to make the transition from dependent to autonomous learning.The curriculum content needs to be transferable, forming a part of education, not simply ‘library training.’ Information literacy fosters and develops appropriatebehaviour, approaches, cognitive functions and skills surrounding the use of information. In essence information literacy equips students with the capacity to generate their own strategies for dealing with new information contexts, for example when they leave higher education and enter the workplace.Finally, information literacy should be transformational for the learner, changing their attitude, behaviour, outlook and even their world-view. Therefore this curriculum has the potential to change lives and make a real difference to society.
Katy – now curriculum is defined what next?How best to take it forward in an HE institution?Logical next step is using ANCIL to audit existing provision across the institution (mounting block analogy)
KatyUsing strands to inform the questionsAncillary questions to identify any issuesQuestionnaire v interview
KatyStrands alone initiate reaction, often lack of recognition of own provisionExpansion of strands then prompts reflection, often interviewees realise they do deliver the strands in some wayLeads to reflection on collaborative holistic approach
KatyResults identified who could lead, enthusiasts and cynics (need both), how to get institutional buy-in, where there were gaps in understanding and provision and what resources might be neededAction plan can be createdLike any campaign, keep moving and do not lose the impetus
You need to identify the important players before you auditAllow time – 3 weeks in a 10 week project is not enough – but make sure you maintain the impetusFind the right format and right reward reward to encourage participation
LSE has around 9000 students in total, 4500 are undergraduates. The rest are postgraduate and come from over 140 countries. Largest departments Economics and Accounting and Finance but strong qualitative departments: Anthropology, Political Science, Sociology, International Relations, Philosophy, Social Policy, Geography, International History etc. 16 Nobel Prize winners from LSE – the first being George Bernard Shaw who was one of the founders of the school34 past or present world leaders have studied ot taught at LSE.
Unequal provision across ANCIL strands and support often not joined upMuch provision informal, standalone, not assessedServices often not working togetherHowever Belief that IL is important, needs to be embedded and student learning scaffoldedEvidence of willingness to change and opportunities to work together arising from work
Good understanding of IL but focus on online information: find, evaluate and manageThey tend to cover strands 1-5 in more detailRarely cover ethical and social dimensionSome courses (quantitative) state Strand 9 not required at UG levelHighlights examples of good practice and suggested skills embedded at some levelTime a factor in UG curriculum
Clear engagement with strands 1, 6 & 7Strands 8, 9 and 10 not well coveredLittle evidence that IL is embedded although recognised as idealRecognised need to work with other professionals (Careers, Teaching & Learning)Belief that embedding is difficult, might be met with resistance from faculty, organisational problems, timetables all seen as reasons why it might not happenInconsistent coverage across departmentsNot all ANCIL strand titles clear
Secker, Bell & Wrathall: implementing new curriculum for IL
Implementing a New Curriculum for Information Literacy: lessons from LSEJane Secker, Maria Bell & Katy Wrathall @jsecker @bellmari @SmilyLibrarian IFLA Satellite Meeting ‘The Road to Information Literacy’ August 2012
Introducing the New Curriculum for Information Literacy (ANCIL) ◦ Discussion and thoughts Strategies for implementing ANCIL The ANCIL audit at LSE ◦ How might it be useful in your institution?
Developing the new curriculum ◦ Arcadia Fellowship with Emma Coonan at Cambridge ◦ Academic advisor: Prof. John Naughton Research remit: Develop a new, revolutionary curriculum for information literacy in a digital age ◦ Understand the needs of undergraduates entering higher education over the coming 5 years ◦ Map the current landscape of information literacy ◦ Develop a practical curriculum and supporting resources Multiple outputs from the research
Modified Delphi study ◦ means of obtaining expert future forecasting ◦ consulted widely in the fields of information and educationLiterature review ◦ theoretical overview of the field ◦ revealed conflicts in terminology, pedagogic approach, valuesExpert workshop ◦ method, findings and preliminary curriculum presented curriculum refined in light of feedback
Information literacy is a continuum ofskills, behaviours, approaches and values that is so deeply entwined with the uses of information as to be a fundamental element of learning, scholarship and research. It is the defining characteristic of thediscerning scholar, the informed and judicious citizen, and the autonomous learner. ANCIL definition of information literacy (2011)
What is a curriculum? ◦ What does it mean to have a curriculum (as opposed to a model or competency framework) for Information Literacy? How might a curriculum impact on ◦ your provision to students? ◦ your understanding of your own role? ◦ your interaction with other professions in your institution (and beyond)?
LSE is a specialist social science institution teaching wide range of subjects Highly ranked in terms of research excellence Cosmopolitan student body, relatively small undergraduate population Compulsory core course for undergraduates (LSE100) Traditional teaching and assessment: lectures & seminars and end of year exams LSE use Moodle
To inform Library / CLT teaching provision To highlight good practice and any gaps in provision Put information literacy on the agenda at LSE Planning various reports for different audiences: ◦ Report for Library and CLT ◦ Report for LSE100 Course team ◦ Short paper for Teaching, Learning and Assessment Committee?
Interviews with key members of staff to explore provision in central support departments, Interviews with Deans of UG and PG Studies Interviews / online survey with academic staff Questionnaire for Academic Support Librarians Student focus groups ◦ How prepared are they for study at LSE ◦ What support students they need ◦ Their preference for delivery
Unequal provision across ANCIL strands and support often not joined up Much provision informal, standalone, not assessed Services often not coordinated However ◦ Belief that IL is important, needs to be embedded and student learning should be scaffolded ◦ Evidence of willingness to change and opportunities to work together arising from work
Good understanding of IL but focus on online information: find, evaluate and manage They tend to cover strands 1-5 in more detail Rarely cover ethical and social dimension Some courses (quantitative) state Strand 9 not required at UG level Highlights examples of good practice and suggested skills embedded at some level Time a factor in UG curriculum Assumptions that students ‘should’ have IL skills when they arrive are problematic
Clear engagement with strands 1, 5 & 6 while strands 8, 9 and 10 not well covered Less evidence that IL is truly embedded although recognised as ideal Recognised need to work with other professionals (Careers, Teaching & Learning) Belief that embedding is difficult Inconsistent coverage across departments Not all ANCIL strand titles clear to librarians
Information use is largely driven by reading lists and resources in Moodle Very dependent on lecturers for direction Unaware of expertise of librarians More likely to seek support from Careers, IT Training, TLC rather than Library No systematic coordination between departments and services Often seek out help at point of need (or crisis?)
Teaching & Learning Centre Language Centre Careers LSE100 Language Centre Departments Library Teaching & Learning Centre Departments Departments Language Centre Library LSE100 Language CentreTeaching & Learning Centre Careers Teaching & Learning Centre Departments Departments LSE100 Language Centre Library Centre for Learning Library Technology Library Library
Phase 1 reports• Executive summary, expert consultation report, and theoretical background• Curriculum and supporting documents http://newcurriculum.wordpress.com/Phase 2 resources and case studies• Case studies - University of Worcester, York St John University• Cambridge resources http://implementingancil.pbworks.comYouTube Video• Search for “ANCIL curriculum” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vY-V2givIiE
LSE Library: http://www2.lse.ac.uk/library/Maria firstname.lastname@example.orgLSE Centre for Learning Technology: http://clt.lse.ac.uk/Jane email@example.comYork St John University Library Services:http://library.yorksj.ac.uk/index.phpKaty firstname.lastname@example.org Thanks to Darren Moon, LSE ANCIL Audit project team