Family planning


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A report about family planning.

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Family planning

  1. 1. “The love for work needs to be re-enthroned in ourlives. Every family should have a plan for work thattouches the life of each family member so that this eternal principle will be ingrained in their lives.” - M. Russell Ballard
  2. 2.  For many centuries, many couples have followed the counsel that says “Be fruitful and multiply.” The mother produces many children until she no longer have the ability to bear child. Most modern couples have a different attitude toward bringing more children into the world. -- - “How many children should we have?” “Should we have any children at all?” Among the key variables behind the strength are growing consciousness and awareness of the world population crises, the influence of modern culture, the availability of efficient family planning methods and the sky rocketing cost of bearing, raising, and educating children.
  3. 3. Family planning… (?) We tend to think immediately of spacing children and limiting family size. It even implies birth control. In the Philippines, it could mean practice of abortion and infanticide. It means contraception and planned or responsible parenthood. Contraception – prevention of unwanted pregnancy; Responsible parenthood – purposeful procreation and socialization of children.
  4. 4.  60% of couples – use some form of contraception; 50% - use modern methods; 70% - use that demographers call the “fully contracepting society” Advances in design & delivery of family planning services have contributed to the growing use of contraception. Health managers face the challenge of achieving multiple, sometimes conflicting objectives with strictly limited resources. Family planning programs must try to meet the needs of each individual client by consistently offering high- quality care. They strive to reach as many people as possible, ideally making services financially and geographically accessible to the entire population, including the poor and those who live in
  5. 5. Family planning: Its Economic and Psychosocial influences on the Lives of Women in Western Visayas Please refer to pp. 83-85 of your Sociology book! 
  6. 6. Philippines’ Family Planning Project “Strengthening the Social Acceptance of Family Planning in the Philippines” – was awarded a Certificate of Excellence, the highest honor in its category, from the Asia Pacific PR Awards during ceremonies held in Honk Kong in November. “Sigurado Ka” – sought to increase support of modern family planning practices, correct misconceptions about modern methods, and bring the discussion of family planning to the forefront of public discourse.
  7. 7. Compelling Advertisements Family planning is often a controversial issue in the Philippines, and discussion of the issue has taken place primarily between friends and relatives. Many families have not had good counseling about this issue thus they have the wrong information about the modern family planning methods. As a result, many women do not use modern methods and end up having at least one child they did not plan.
  8. 8. Open Discussion One of the advertisements featured a young woman looking into a mirror and saying disparaging things about herself and her ability to take control of family planning. The “Sigurado Ka” song was also extremely effective in spreading the message of the campaign. The song was so popular that it became the second most-requested song in a top-rated radio station in Metro Manila.
  9. 9. What is Natural Family Planning? It is a way to help a couple determine when sexual intercourse can and cannot result in pregnancy. Ovulation – process wherein one of a woman’s ovaries releases an egg.
  10. 10. How does (NFP) work? Ovulation method - the days just before and just after ovulation are determined by checking the woman’s cervical mucus. Pregnant = CM is stretch, clear & slick; feels much like an uncooked egg white Symptothermal method – the woman takes her temperature every day with a special thermometer and writes it down on a chart
  11. 11. Rhythm Method It is based on calendar calculations of previous menstrual cycles. This method does not allow for normal changes in the menstrual cycle, which is common. It is not reliable as the ovulation method or the symptothermal method and is generally not recommended.
  12. 12. Method of Contraception There are a number of safe, legal and accepted methods available to a couple who wants to limit the size of their family. Each man and woman should know the advantages & disadvantages of each method and choose the one which best suits them. Factors to be considered: Safety, Effectiveness, Ease of Administration, Cost and Availability
  13. 13. Artificial Method of Family Planning
  14. 14. Cervical Cap A soft, deep rubber cup (like a thimble) with a firm, round rim that fits snugly over the cervix. Comes in different sizes and must be fit by a provider to ensure proper sizing; a fit that’s too tight may cause cervical irritation, whereas it can be dislodged if it is too loose.
  15. 15. Male Condoms Thin sheath made of latex or other materials Protect against pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV infection
  16. 16. Female Condoms A thin, loose-fitting covering made of polyurethane plastic that forms a pouch lining in the vagina has 2 flexible rings: the Inner – eases the insertion into the vagina, the Outer – covers the outer lips of the vagina Coated on the inside with a lubricant
  17. 17. Diaphragm A shallow rubber cup You put a contraceptive jelly (spermicide) into the diaphragm then put it into the vagina It covers the cervix (the opening of the uterus). A woman should be fitted for a diaphragm by your health provider. With the jelly, it keeps the man’s sperm out of the woman’s uterus.
  18. 18. Injectables They prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs every month. They also make it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus by thickening cervical mucus. The woman must get an injection every 3 months for Depo-Provera & every 2 months for Noristerat.
  19. 19. When may the injection given? It must be given within the first seven years of a woman’s period or any time your health care provider believe she is not pregnant. Newly-delivered & breastfeeding: The injection may be given 6 weeks after the delivery. Newly-delivered & NOT breastfeeding: The injection may be given right after the delivery. Just had an abortion: The injection may be given the same day or any day that your HCP believe she is not pregnant.
  20. 20. Intrauterine Device (IUD) A long-acting contraceptive method intended to be used for several months or years Small device that is usually made of plastic or of plastic and copper Copper T380-A – most commonly used IUD, can be left in place for 10 years.
  21. 21.  Mirena – new IUD that gradually releases the progestin levonorgestel, thereby delivering the hormone to the lining of the uterus. - was approved for use in the United States by the US Food and Drug Association in Dec. 2000. Levonorgestrel – affects the lining of the uterus that results in less bleeding than is experienced with other IUDs. IUD – prevents the man’s sperm from meeting the woman’s egg, keeps the sperm from moving normally inside the uterus and fallopian tubes, also reduces the growth of the lining of the uterus.
  22. 22. When may an IUD be inserted? IUDs may be inserted any time during your period or at any time you & your HCP believe you are nor pregnant. Newly-delivered: within the first 48 hours while you are at the hospital following delivery, 6 weeks after delivery Has an uncomplicated abortion: the same day as the abortion IUDs are effective as soon as they are inserted.
  23. 23. How to check the IUD strings: Please refer to pp. 93-94 of your Sociology book! 
  24. 24. Lactational Amenorrhea Method(LAM) Pattern of exclusive breastfeeding Prevents the ovaries from releasing eggs The baby must be exclusively breastfed on demand, he or she does not need any food other than breastmilk until he or she is 6 months old
  25. 25. Norplant Implants Long-acting contraceptive method that consist of 6 matchstick-sized plastic capsules. They are placed by a trained HCP under the skin of the woman’s upper arm by making a very small cut. The capsules may remain in your arm for up to 5 years because they have to be removed at the end of 5 years. Release progestin called Levonorgestrel which keeps the ovaries from releasing eggs Are effective within 24 hours after insertion
  26. 26. When may Norplant Implants beinserted? They may be inserted within the first 7 days of a woman’s period or at any time your HCP believe she is not pregnant. Newly-delivered & Breastfeeding: six weeks after delivery Newly-delivered & NOT Breastfeeding: immediately after delivery Had an abortion: the same day as the abortion
  27. 27. What happens during theprocedure? & How to take careof the insertion site? Please refer to your Sociology book! (pp. 95-96)
  28. 28. Patch A weekly hormonal contraceptive which contains estrogen and progestin, sticks to the skin, enabling the hormones to be absorbed into the body. Marketed under the name Ortho Evra, approved for use in the United States by the US FDA in November 2001.
  29. 29. The Contraceptive Patch prevents pregnancy in several ways by: Stopping the ovaries from releasing eggs Thickening the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus Changing the lining of the uterusEffective rates – expressed in terms of how many women experience pregnancies during their first year of using the methodPerfect use – reflects correct and consistent use accdg to specified instructions, with every sex actTypical use – fact that most couples do not use their contraceptive methods correctly or consistently with every sex; more accurate than the former
  30. 30. Combines Oral Contraceptives(COCs) Pills made from a combination of hormones (estrogen & progestin) that prevent pregnancy by stopping the ovaries from releasing eggs. One must take one pill every day accdg to instructions. Please refer to 98-99 for the other tips involving COCs. 
  31. 31. Spermicides Come as foams, jellies, creams, foaming tablets, or vaginal suppositories. Are used to kill the man’s sperm to prevent pregnancy. Create a physical and chemical barrier preventing the sperm from getting in contact with the ovum (egg).