OT Journey - Joseph, God's Interventions

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Bible - Old Testament walkthrough - The Patriarchal ages - Joseph, God's iInterventions

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  • Joseph was clearly the beloved of his parents.
    The youngest brother (barring Benjamin), his father honored him with a special long sleeved coat signifying that his would be the birthright (usuallymeant for the eldest)
    To add insult to injury, Joseph shared his dreams of his leadership to his brothers
    He also wore his coat on a daily basis rather than the traditional yearly occasion of his birthday. (Dr. Ron Charles)
    All the above triggered strong jealousy
  • Joseph was then thrown into a pit.
    He pleas for mercy went unheard
    Reuben planned to rescue him but he was sold to slave traders
    His trademark coat was torn to pieces, dipped in blood and shown to his father.
    The family considered him as good as dead.
  • Joseph was faithful to his duties as a slave
    God blessed Joseph who soon rose to position of head of all servants
    Potiphar entrusted everything to him (except wife)
    Potiphar’s wife seduces him. (Isis and Osiris)
    Joseph thrown to prison
  • Dr. Ron Charles highlights the Egyptian tradition where the most beautiful lady is selected yearly, as ISIS. She chooses her Osiris and over a period of few days, is expected to conceive as a result. This would be a symbol of productivity for all plants and a good harvest would be expected, as Osiris was god of underworld and of new life. Isis that year was Potiphar’s wife, and Joseph was her selected Osiris. Joseph however, was absent during the period and when seduced on return, ran away. Both Potiphar’s wife and Joseph were held responsible by Egyptians for failure to bring their land productivity – more so, Joseph.
  • Now Joseph had been taken down to Egypt. Potiphar, an Egyptian who was one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him there.
    2 The Lord was with Joseph so that he prospered, and he lived in the house of his Egyptian master. 3 When his master saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lord gave him success in everything he did, 4 Joseph found favor in his eyes and became his attendant. Potiphar put him in charge of his household, and he entrusted to his care everything he owned. 5 From the time he put him in charge of his household and of all that he owned, the Lord blessed the household of the Egyptian because of Joseph. The blessing of the Lord was on everything Potiphar had, both in the house and in the field. 6 So Potiphar left everything he had in Joseph’s care; with Joseph in charge, he did not concern himself with anything except the food he ate. (Gen 39)

  • Every year, one of the king’s prisoners would be selected as a human sacrifice, dressed (as joseph was) and sent to pharoah prior to be sacrificed. The journey to Pharoah could have been a long, uncertain one for Joseph. Joseph has no idea what he is called for – could have been as a human sacrifice.
  • (perseverence in storms, purity in everything, patience in quietness in his highs, Presence of God in everything…in his lows – he could forget, he could forgive, he could keep his feet on the ground.
  • In good times Joseph:
    Forgot: Joseph named his firstborn Manasseh and said, "It is because God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father's household.“ (Genesis 41:51)
    Was Fruitful:The second son he named Ephraim and said, "It is because God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.“ (Genesis 41:52)
    Forgave:..You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives. 21 So then, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your children.” (Genesis 50:20)
    Had his Feet on the ground: The once proud dreamer, becomes the practical ruler of Egypt
  • Then they set out, and the terror of God fell on the towns all around them so that no one pursued them. Genesis 35:5 - JACOB

  • Then the man said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.” Genesis 32:28
  • 1 Elohim: The plural form of EL, means “strong one.” It is used of false gods, but when used of the true God, it is a plural of majesty and intimates the trinity. It is especially used of God’s sovereignty, creative work, mighty work for Israel and in relation to His sovereignty (Isa. 54:5; Jer. 32:27; Gen. 1:1; Isa. 45:18; Deut. 5:23; 8:15; Ps. 68:7).

    El Shaddai:“God Almighty.” The derivation is uncertain. Some think it stresses God’s loving supply and comfort; others His power as the Almighty one standing on a mountain and who
    corrects and chastens (Gen. 17:1;
    28:3; 35:11; Ex. 6:1; Ps. 91:1, 2).
    El Elyon:“The Most High God.” Stresses
    God’s strength, sovereignty, and
    supremacy (Gen. 14:19;Ps. 9:2; 
    Dan. 7:18, 22, 25).
    El Olam:“The Everlasting God.”
    Emphasizes God’s unchangeableness
    and is connected with His
    inexhaustibleness (Gen. 16:13).
  • 2 Yahweh (YHWH): Comes from a verb which means “to exist, be.” This, plus its usage, shows that this name stresses God as the independent and self-existent God of revelation and redemption (Gen. 4:3; Ex. 6:3 (cf. 3:14); 3:12).
    Compounds of Yahweh: Strictly speaking, these compounds are designations or titles which reveal additional facts about God’s character.
    Yahweh Jireh (Yireh):“The Lord will provide.” Stresses God’s provision for His people (Gen. 22:14).
    Yahweh Nissi:“The Lord is my Banner.” Stresses that God is our rallying point and our means of victory; the one who fights for His people (Ex. 17:15).
    Yahweh Shalom:“The Lord is Peace.” Points to the Lord as the means of our peace and rest (Jud. 6:24).
    Yahweh Sabbaoth:“The Lord of Hosts.” A military figure portraying the Lord as the commander of the armies of heaven (1 Sam. 1:3; 17:45).
    Yahweh Maccaddeshcem: “The Lord your Sanctifier.” Portrays the Lord as our means of sanctification or as the one who sets believers apart for His purposes (Ex. 31:13).
    YahwehRo’i: “The Lord my Shepherd.” Portrays the Lord as the
    Shepherd who cares for His people as a shepherd cares for the
    sheep of his pasture (Ps. 23:1).
    Yahweh Tsidkenu: “The Lord our Righteousness.” Portrays the
    Lord as the means of our righteousness (Jer. 23:6).
    Yahweh Shammah: “The Lord is there.” Portrays the Lord’s
    personal presence in the millennial kingdom (Ezek. 48:35).
    Yahweh Elohim Israel:“The Lord, the God of Israel.” Identifies
    Yahweh as the God of Israel in contrast to the false gods of the
    nations (Jud. 5:3.; Isa. 17:6).
  • 2 Yahweh (YHWH): Comes from a verb which means “to exist, be.” This, plus its usage, shows that this name stresses God as the independent and self-existent God of revelation and redemption (Gen. 4:3; Ex. 6:3 (cf. 3:14); 3:12).
    Compounds of Yahweh: Strictly speaking, these compounds are designations or titles which reveal additional facts about God’s character.
    Yahweh Jireh (Yireh):“The Lord will provide.” Stresses God’s provision for His people (Gen. 22:14).
    Yahweh Nissi:“The Lord is my Banner.” Stresses that God is our rallying point and our means of victory; the one who fights for His people (Ex. 17:15).
    Yahweh Shalom:“The Lord is Peace.” Points to the Lord as the means of our peace and rest (Jud. 6:24).
    Yahweh Sabbaoth:“The Lord of Hosts.” A military figure portraying the Lord as the commander of the armies of heaven (1 Sam. 1:3; 17:45).
    Yahweh Maccaddeshcem: “The Lord your Sanctifier.” Portrays the Lord as our means of sanctification or as the one who sets believers apart for His purposes (Ex. 31:13).
    YahwehRo’i: “The Lord my Shepherd.” Portrays the Lord as the
    Shepherd who cares for His people as a shepherd cares for the
    sheep of his pasture (Ps. 23:1).
    Yahweh Tsidkenu: “The Lord our Righteousness.” Portrays the
    Lord as the means of our righteousness (Jer. 23:6).
    Yahweh Shammah: “The Lord is there.” Portrays the Lord’s
    personal presence in the millennial kingdom (Ezek. 48:35).
    Yahweh Elohim Israel:“The Lord, the God of Israel.” Identifies
    Yahweh as the God of Israel in contrast to the false gods of the
    nations (Jud. 5:3.; Isa. 17:6).
  • (3) Adonai: Like Elohim, this too is a plural of majesty. The singular form means “master, owner.” Stresses man’s relationship to God as his master, authority, and provider (Gen. 18:2; 40:1; 1 Sam. 1:15; Ex. 21:1-6; Josh. 5:14).
    (4) Theos: Greek word translated “God.” Primary name for God used in the New Testament. Its use teaches: (1) He is the only true God (Matt. 23:9; Rom. 3:30); (2) He is unique (1 Tim. 1:17; John 17:3; Rev. 15:4; 16:7); (3) He is transcendent (Acts 17:24; Heb. 3:4; Rev. 10:6); (4) He is the Savior (John 3:16; 1 Tim. 1:1; 2:3; 4:10). This name is used of Christ as God in John 1:1, 18; 20:28; 1 John 5:20; Tit. 2:13; Rom. 9:5; Heb. 1:8; 2 Pet. 1:1.
    (5) Kurios: Greek word translated “Lord.” Stresses authority and supremacy. While it can mean sir (John 4:11), owner (Luke 19:33), master (Col. 3:22), or even refer to idols (1 Cor. 8:5) or husbands (1 Pet. 3:6), it is used mostly as the equivalent of Yahweh of the Old Testament. It too is used of Jesus Christ meaning (1) Rabbi or Sir (Matt. 8:6); (2) God or Deity (John 20:28; Acts 2:36; Rom. 10:9; Phil. 2:11).
    (6) Despotes: Greek word translated “Master.” Carries
    the idea of ownership while kuriosstressed supreme authority
    (Luke 2:29; Acts 4:24; Rev. 6:10; 2 Pet. 2:1; Jude 4).
    (7) Father:A distinctive New Testament revelation is that through
    faith in Christ, God becomes our personal Father. Father is used
    of God in the Old Testament only 15 times while it is used of God
    245 times in the New Testament. As a name of God, it stresses God’s
    loving care, provision, discipline, and the way we are to address God
    in prayer (Matt. 7:11; Jam. 1:17; Heb. 12:5-11; John 15:16; 16:23; 
    Eph. 2:18; 3:15; 1 Thess. 3:11).
  • How could God walk and talk with Adam when “no one has ever seen God”? It was Jesus.
    No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known. (John 1:18)
    If Adam encountered a visible form of God, that form points to Jesus, the “one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known”. (John 1:18b)
  • Let’s take a look at some of the characteristics of this “Angel” as given in the various passages.
    The “Angel” is referred to with masculine pronouns (Genesis 16:13; Judges 6:21).
    He is identified as God (Judges 6:11, 14; Zechariah 12:8).3
    He performed miracles (Judges 6:21; 13:20).
    Gideon and Manoah thought they would die because they saw the “Angel” face to face (Judges 6:22; 13:22).
    The “Angel” accurately foretold future events (Judges 13:3).
    His name is “wonderful” (Judges 13:18; cf., Isaiah 9:6).
    He destroyed 185,000 soldiers of the Assyrian army in one night (2 Kings 19:35).4
    “the Angel of the Lord” cannot be viewed as a normal angel. He is occasionally identified as God, accepted worship, and at least two people who saw Him thought they would die for seeing Him face to face. These same attributes and activities are clearly attributed to God elsewhere in Scripture.
    There are a few other statements to consider. In Zechariah 3:1–2, “the Angel of the Lord” is distinguished from Yahweh because He talks to Yahweh. John 1:18 states, “No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.” So man has only seen the Son of God, not the Father or the Holy Spirit. Also, the “Commander of the army of :8–9). Finally, “the Angel of the Lord” does not make any appearances after the birth of Christ in the New Testament, although the risen Jesus did appear to Saul on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1–6; 22:6–10; 26:14–19; 1 Corinthians 9:1; 15:8).
    These truths have led many students of Scripture to conclude that “the Angel of the Lord” in the Old Testament is none other than Christ Himself.
  • You will read in Hebrews 6:19-20 that Jesus Christ, after His resurrection, is High Priest "after the order of Melchizedek." The plainer English of the Moffatt translation words it: ". . with the rank of" that is, equal status with "Melchizedek."
    Melchizedek Was God's Priest
    First, notice from both Old and New Testaments that the man of mystery, Melchizedek, was a priest of the Most High God. Turn 'low to the account in Genesis 14. During the war between a number of ancient city-states in Canaan and Mesopotamia, Abraham's nephew Lot had been captured. He and his family and goods were carted off.
    One of their number escaped and brought the news to Abraham, who armed 318 of his own servants and pursued the invaders to what was later named Dan and beyond. Abraham rescued Lot and his family and returned them safely to the Canaanite cities.
    On Abraham's return a man of mystery bursts upon the scene. Abraham was ministered to by Melchizedek.
    Here is the account:
    "And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was priest of God Most High. And he [Melchizedek] blessed him [Abraham] and said, 'Blessed be Abram by God Most High, maker of heaven and earth; and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand!' And Abram gave him [Melchizedek] a tenth of everything" that is, a tithe of all, for a tithe means a tenth (Genesis 14:18-20, RSV).
    Notice that Melchizedek was king of Salem. That is the city of Jerusalem. "Salem" comes from the Hebrew word meaning "peace." That would make Melchizedek the "King of Peace" (Hebrews 7:2). The Hebrew name Melchizedek itself means "King of Righteousness" (Hebrews 7:2). The same individual is mentioned in Psalm 110:4. Speaking prophetically of Christ, David stated: "The Eternal hath sworn, and will notrepent, Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek." This verse is quoted again in Hebrews 5:6, 10
    Before we turn to Hebrews for the identification of Melchizedek, remember that this mystery figure is a mystery only to us. Abraham and the King of wicked Sodom knew exactly who he was. They must have seen him before. He could not have been a Canaanite, for they were steeped in pagan customs. And furthermore Canaan was a descendant of Ham, whereas God basically chose the descendants of Shem to accomplish His work.
    Then who is the mystery man Melchizedek?
    One other hint before we proceed. The land of Canaan from ancient time, before the days of Moses, was known among the Gentiles as "the divine land" the Holy land" the land of the place of worship!" Why? Was there someone in the Holy Land who was divine, holy, worthy of worship?
    The Mystery Clears
    Coming to Hebrews 7, we find Melchizedek identified:
    "For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace" (Hebrews 7:1-2).
    Since God names individuals what they are, that, then is what this man is.. "King of Righteousness."
    Think of it! King of Righteousness.
    Jesus Himself said: "There is none good but one, that is, God" (Matthew 19:17). Human self-righteousness is, before God, as filthy rags. None can be righteous but God—or one made righteous by God's power—Christ in a person! And certainly none but One of the Godhead the divine Kingdom of God would be King of Righteousness. Such an expression, applied to any but God, would be blasphemous. Why?
    Righteousness is obedience to God's Law. Since God made all laws (James 4:12), He is Supreme Ruler or King. He determines what righteousness is. "All thy commandments are righteousness" (Psalm 119:172). When speaking of one of the points of that Law, Jesus placed Himself superior to it. He is Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:28). No man is Lord or King over God's Law. Only God could be! All human beings have sinned and broken that Law of righteousness (Romans 3:23).
    To continue with Hebrews 7. Note, too, that this man was King of peace. "Salem" from which Jerusalem was named means "peace." And remember, Jesus is called the Prince of peace! No human being could be King of Peace. Men know not the way of peace. ReadRomans 3:10 and 17: "There is none righteous, no, not one.... And the way of peace have they not known."
    Observe further: Melchizedek was "without mother, without father, without descent," or as the Phillips translation renders it: "He had no father or mother and no family tree." He was not born as human beings are. He was without father and mother. This does not mean that Melchizedek's records of birth were lost. Without such records human priests could not serve (Ezra 2:62). But here Melchizedek had no genealogy. He must not have been an ordinary mortal. He had no descent or pedigree from another, but was self-existent. Notice Paul's own inspired interpretation of this fact: "Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life" (Hebrews 7:3). Therefore He has always existed from eternity! He was not even created, like angels. But He is now eternally self-existing. And that is true only of GOD deity, not humanity!
    Not the Father Nor the Holy Spirit
    Yet Melchizedek cannot be God the Father. He was the "priest of that Most High God." Scripture says no man has ever seen the Father (John 1:18, 5:37), but Abraham saw Melchizedek. He cannot be God the Father, but rather, "made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually" (Hebrews 7:3).
    And there it is! In the days of Abraham, He was not the Son of God, for He had not yet been born of the virgin Mary but He was made like unto the Son of God in His manifestation to the ancients.
    Notice again: Melchizedek, this scripture reveals, abides that is, remains permanently, continually, a priest. God the Father is not the Priest of God, but Christ the Son is! Yet, in the days when the Apostle Paul lived and wrote, shortly after Jesus ascended to heaven as High Priest, the scripture states that even then Melchizedek "abideth "—which means does now abide—"a priest continually." The Moffatt translation states it: "continues to be priest permanently" even while Jesus Christ is High Priest!
    And notice that the order of Christ's Priesthood is named after Melchizedek. It is the High Priest's name that is placed upon an order just as Aaron's name was upon the Aaronic priesthood. Thus Melchizedek was then High Priest, in Paul's day, and even now, and He will rule forever! And at the same time Christ was, is today, and shall be forever High Priest!
    Are there two High Priests'? No! Impossible! The conclusion is inescapable. Contrary to many cherished man-thought-out ideas, Melchizedek and Christ are one and the same! Some people have stumbled on the statement that Melchizedek has no "end of life." They contend that since Christ died, He had an end of life! If that be true then Christ is still dead! But Christ is not dead. He is alive. It was not possible for Christ to be held by death (Acts 2:24). Melchizedek would never have fulfilled His office of High Priest if He had not died for the sins of the people and risen again. It is the function of the High Priest to lead the way to salvation.
    Indeed, Jesus Christ is the author and finisher of our salvation (Hebrews 5:9; 12:2). He is "called of God an high priest after the order of Melchizedek" (Hebrews 5:10).
    And no wonder. Melchizedek and Christ are one and the same Person!
    © 1972 Worldwide Church of God
  • 19Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the skin with water and gave the boy a drink. 20 God was with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an archer. 21 While he was living in the Desert of Paran, his mother got a wife for him from Egypt.
  • He had promised Abraham that he would. While Muslims may be creating trouble in current times, the day will come when they too will turn to Christ – all Abraham’s descendants in the future through Isaac and Ishmael will belong to Christ.
  • A seed who would defeat Satan (God’s judgement to Adam after the fall) Gen 3
    A Saviour who provides alternate sacrifice – prelude of Calvary (Gen 22 The Angel of the Lord stops Abraham’s hand from striking Isaac)
    A Son who enables joint-sonship into God’s kingdom (14:17-20) – Abraham’s encounter with Melchizedek – The first Eucharist
    A Spirit who comforts and perseveres with the lost world
    A Spirit is wrestling with us to draw us to submission to God
    Similar powers to God
    Receives tithes, judges, wins battles, blesses, saves, etc.
  • i
  • i
  • OT Journey - Joseph, God's Interventions

    1. 1. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 9: Joseph – Unwavering Faith GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Reign of Royalty The Prophetic Era
    2. 2. OT Walkthru- The Patriarchal Ages 1. OT Summary 2. Adam – A Fallen Faith 3. Noah – Surviving Faith 4. The World in Confusion – Babel 5. Job – Faith under Fire 6. Abraham – Soaring Faith 7. Isaac – Winging Faith 8. Jacob – Driving Faith 9. Joseph – Unwavering Faith 10. God’s Direct Interventions in Genesis 11. God’s Special Interventions in Genesis 12. Moses – Humbled Faith 13. Israel – Leanness of Soul 14. God’s Commandments
    3. 3. The Patriarchs of Israel • Abraham - Soaring faith • Isaac - Winging faith • Jacob - Driving faith • Joseph – Unwavering faith
    4. 4. Joseph – Unwavering Faith Objectives To • Understand God’s training ground for top leaders • Learn from the qualities of Joseph on how to win in adversity
    5. 5. Joseph – Unwavering Faith • From Pet • To Pit • To Potiphar • To Prison • To Palace Note: Reference Material is available in the notes section of this presentation
    6. 6. The Pet Joseph was: • Clearly the beloved of his parents. • Given the birthright by his father with a special long sleeved coat • Given dreams of leadership which he shared. • Donning the coat daily, rather than the traditional yearly occasion of his birthday. [1] These triggered jealousy among his brothers
    7. 7. Video Clip Joseph’s amazing technicoloured coat - The dreamer has to go https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NQ_SslOeN4o&index= 5&list=PLF3DC1DBD98FB69BE
    8. 8. The Pit • His pleas for mercy in the pit went unheard • Eventually sold to slave traders • The family considered him as good as dead.
    9. 9. Journey to Egypt
    10. 10. Discussion • What kind of person was Joseph as a kid? • How did Joseph feel when suddenly torn from love, admiration to hostility and uncertainty? • From spoilt kid to slavery! What struggles would Joseph have gone through? • What was the end result? …James 1:2-4
    11. 11. Potiphar’s House Joseph was: • Faithful to his duties as a slave • Blessed by God - rose to position of head of all servants • Entrusted with everything by Potiphar • Seduced by Potiphar’s wife • Thrown to prison
    12. 12. ISIS and OSIRIS A twist to the tale [1].That year as per Egyptian tradition: • Potiphar’s wife, as the most beautiful woman in Egypt was chosen to be Isis • She chose Joseph to be her Osiris • Joseph instead of giving in to a legitimate temptation in Egyptian tradition, chooses God. Dr. Ron Charles Isis and Osiris
    13. 13. The Lord was with Joseph – in Potiphar’s House 2 The LORD was with Joseph so that he prospered, and he lived in the house of his Egyptian master. 3 When his master saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lord gave him success in everything he did, 4 Joseph found favor in his eyes and became his attendant. Potiphar put him in charge of his household, and he entrusted to his care everything he owned. 5 From the time he put him in charge of his household and of all that he owned, the Lord blessed the household of the Egyptian because of Joseph. The blessing of the Lord was on everything Potiphar had, both in the house and in the field. (Gen 39)
    14. 14. Adam vs. Joseph’s Temptation Adam was given everything Joseph was stripped of everything The fundamental temptation was same Lust of flesh, lust of eyes, pride of life. Adam enjoyed God’s presence So did Joseph Adam lingered Joseph ran Adam would lose everything by giving in Joseph could lose everything by not giving in Adam avoided God Joseph accounted to God Adam lost from a position of strength Joseph temporarily appeared to have lost but eventually won from a position of weakness
    15. 15. The Lord was with Joseph – In Prison But while Joseph was there in the prison, 21 the LORD was with him; he showed him kindness and granted him favor in the eyes of the prison warden. 22 So the warden put Joseph in charge of all those held in the prison, and he was made responsible for all that was done there. 23 The warden paid no attention to anything under Joseph’s care, because the LORD was with Joseph and gave him success in whatever he did. (Genesis 39)
    16. 16. In Prison • God continues to be with Joseph • Joseph is favoured and runs prison • Interprets dreams • Left for years • Called by pharoah
    17. 17. In Prison Every year, one of the king’s prisoners would be selected as a human sacrifice, dressed (as Joseph was) and sent to Pharoah prior to be sacrificed. The journey to Pharoah could have been a long, uncertain one for Joseph. [1]
    18. 18. In the Palace • Interprets dreams • Made 2nd to pharoah • Saves Egypt • Saves his family • Forgives his family • Starts a new life • Gives his family a new life
    19. 19. The Lord was with Joseph – in the Palace 38 So Pharaoh asked them, “Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God?” 39 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has made all this known to you, there is no one so discerning and wise as you. 40 You shall be in charge of my palace, and all my people are to submit to your orders. Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you.” (Genesis 41)
    20. 20. Discussion • What stages did Joseph go through in God’s crucible of leadership before he was ready to be the second most powerful person in the world? • What lessons do we learn from Joseph’s life?
    21. 21. Joseph in God’s Crucible In tough times: • Perseverance thru trials • Patience in stagnation • Purity in everything • Presence of God in everything • Pride cleansed
    22. 22. Joseph in God’s Crucible In good times Joseph: • Forgot: "It is because God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father's household.“ (Genesis 41:51) • Was Fruitful: "It is because God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.“ (Genesis 41:52) • Forgave: You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives. 21 So then, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your children.” (Genesis 50:20)
    23. 23. Video Clip - Story of Arthur Ashe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9BOq5KoH3s
    24. 24. Role Play (for youth) Enact scenarios of Joseph in today’s scenario. What are various cultural traps a youngster can fall into and how to avoid them.
    25. 25. References • Dr. Ron Charles
    26. 26. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 10: God’s Direct interventions - Genesis GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Reign of Royalty The Prophetic Era
    27. 27. God’s Direct Interventions – Objectives To: • Understand how proactively and actively God is involved in our lives • Get a glimpse of God’s attributes • Know and connect with God in a deeper manner
    28. 28. God’s Direct Interventions – Presentation Overview • Summary of God’s interventions • Our Role • Names of God • References • Discussion • Note: Reference material is available in the notes section of this presentation
    29. 29. God’s Direct Interventions After the creation, was God a passive observer or an active participant? The bible indicates the latter. • God was actively involved in people’s lives in numerous ways. • He still is today. Out of the innumerable instances, some of His dimensions of involvement are given in the following slides.
    30. 30. Fellowship The primary reason God created us: • God walked and talked with Adam • Enoch walked with God • Noah walked with God Genesis 5:24 Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away.
    31. 31. Judgment God • Judges Adam and Eve • Informs Noah of the flood.. • Scatters people at Babel • Discusses with Abraham destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, saving Lot. • Appears to Abimelech Genesis 19:29 So when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived.
    32. 32. Prophecy • God’s covenant with Noah • God tells Rebekah that Jacob will rule Esau • God gives Joseph dreams • God gives butler, baker, dreams • God gives Pharoah dreams • God asks Abraham to sacrifice his son • King of Salem appears to Abraham So God said to Noah, “I am going to put an end to all people..”. Genesis 6:13
    33. 33. Blessing • God renames Abram as Abraham, blesses him and descendents • God renames Sara • God blesses Joseph and everyone recognizes it After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac, who then lived near Beer Lahai Roi. Genesis 25:11 After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram, God appeared to him again and blessed him. Genesis 35:9
    34. 34. Guidance • God appears to Abraham several times • God appears to Isaac When Abram was ninety- nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, “I am God Almighty; walk before me faithfully and be blameless. Genesis 17:1
    35. 35. New Birth • God opens Rebekah’s womb • God closes Rachel’s womb • God opens Rachel’s womb When the LORD saw that Leah was not loved, he enabled her to conceive, but Rachel remained childless. Genesis 29:31 Then God remembered Rachel; he listened to her and enabled her to conceive. Gen 30:22
    36. 36. Loneliness • God is with Ishmael as he grows • God is with Joseph in slavery, prison. God was with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an archer - Genesis 21:20
    37. 37. Distress • The angel of the Lord appears to Hagar • God appears to Jacob when he runs away from Esau God has heard the boy crying as he lies there. Genesis 21:17 Then come, let us go up to Bethel, where I will build an altar to God, who answered me in the day of my distress Genesis 35:3
    38. 38. Protection • God protects Sarah’s purity • He protects Jacob as he returns from Laban’s house. • ..and many more But God came to Abimelek in a dream one night and said to him, “You are as good as dead because of the woman you have taken; she is a married woman.” Genesis 20:3
    39. 39. Striving God, through the Holy Spirit is striving to bring us to him. Then the man said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.” Genesis 32:28
    40. 40. Our Role • Faith - Abraham • Obedience – Abraham • Right fundamentals - Jacob • Release - Jacob • Remain in touch with God – (unlike) Isaac • Purity - Joseph • Patience - Joseph • Perseverance – Joseph • Legacy – All • Any other? Which aspects of our role do you need to focus on the most? Share.
    41. 41. God’s Activities from Genesis Among many other initiatives, God: • Provides • Protects • Judges • Guides • Perseveres/strives/wrestles • Created us for fellowship • Is with us especially in loneliness, despair • Discusses his future plans with those close to him
    42. 42. God’s Activities from Genesis (Cont’d) • Blesses those who trust him for generations • Answers specific prayers eg Abraham for Ishmael, Sodom. • Tests our faith • Makes us fruitful • Helps us forget hurts, suffering • Surprises • Cares • Loves
    43. 43. Names of God [1] 1 Elohim: The plural form of EL, means “strong one Compounds of El: • El Shaddai:“God Almighty.” • El Elyon:“The Most High God.” • El Olam:“The Everlasting God.”
    44. 44. Names of God [1] (Cont’d…) 2 Yahweh (YHWH): “to exist, be.” - the self- existent God • Yahweh Jireh: “The Lord will provide.” • Yahweh Nissi: “The Lord is my Banner.” • Yahweh Shalom: “The Lord is Peace.” • Yahweh Sabbaoth: “The Lord of Hosts.”
    45. 45. Names of God [1] (Cont’d…) • Yahweh Maccaddeshcem: “The Lord your Sanctifier.” • Yahweh Ro’i: “The Lord my Shepherd.” • Yahweh Tsidkenu: “The Lord our Righteousness.” • Yahweh Shammah: “The Lord is there.”
    46. 46. Names of God [1] (Cont’d…) 3 Adonai: Majesty, master, owner. 4 Theos: Primary name for God in NT. 5 Kurios: Authority and supremacy. 6 Despotes: Master, owner 7 Father: Distinctive in NT where God is our personal Father. Used: 15 times in OT 245 times in NT.
    47. 47. Discussion/ Activity Divide into groups and discuss: • Which characteristic of God touches you the most eg. Enact scenarios in groups of how God touched you when in distress (as in Hagar), loneliness (as in Joseph), victory (as in Abraham), etc. Eg. Exams, peer rejection, etc. • How will that transform your life? Summarise and share findings/ enact with whole team.
    48. 48. References 1. https://bible.org/article/names-god
    49. 49. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 11: God’s Special interventions - Genesis GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Reign of Royalty The Prophetic Era
    50. 50. God’s Special Interventions – Objectives To: • Understand Christ’s role throughout the Bible • Understand the significance of Christ’s special appearances in Genesis and today • Learn from what he is saying to us today through those special appearances • Continue to be sensitive to His voice and leading
    51. 51. God’s Special Interventions – Presentation Overview • Role of Christ in Genesis • Study Christ’s communications to God’s touchpoints in Genesis • Ponder on what Christ communicates to us today
    52. 52. Who walked with Adam? No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known. (John 1:18)
    53. 53. Who walked with Adam? Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the LORD God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the LORD God among the trees of the garden. The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them. But the LORD God called to the man, “Where are you? Gen 3:8.9 And the LORD God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.” So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. Gen 3:22,23
    54. 54. Who Walked with Adam? • God’s special interventions refer to a physical form of God visible to humans – pointing to the appearances of Jesus in the Old Testament • We see more examples below…
    55. 55. Who is Melchizedek? 17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 18 Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) (Genesis 14)
    56. 56. Who is Melchizedek? 19 He blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth. 20 Worthy of praise is the Most High God, who delivered your enemies into your hand.” Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything. (Genesis 14)
    57. 57. Who is Melchizedek? 19 We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure. It enters the inner sanctuary behind the curtain, 20 where our forerunner, Jesus, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek. (Hebrews 6:19,20) His name first means king of righteousness, then king of Salem, that is, king of peace. 3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. 4 But see how great he must be, if Abraham the patriarch gave him a tithe of his plunder (Hebrews 7:2b-4).
    58. 58. Who comforted Hagar? 10 Moreover, the angel of the Lord said to her, “I will greatly multiply your descendants so that they will be too many to count.” 11 The angel of the Lord said to her further, “Behold, you are with child, And you will bear a son; And you shall call his name Ishmael, Because the Lord has given heed to your affliction. 12 “He will be a wild donkey of a man, His hand will be against everyone, And everyone’s hand will be against him; And he will live to the east of all his brothers.” 13 Then she called the name of the Lord who spoke to her, “You are a God who sees”; for she said, “Have I even remained alive here after seeing Him?” Gen 16.
    59. 59. Who comforted Hagar? Why did God protect and provide for Hagar and Ishmael? (17:20)
    60. 60. Who spoke to Abraham? 13 Then the Lord said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really have a child, now that I am old?’ 14 Is anything too hard for the Lord? I will return to you at the appointed time next year, and Sarah will have a son.” 15 Sarah was afraid, so she lied and said, “I did not laugh.” But he said, “Yes, you did laugh.” (Genesis 18:13-15)
    61. 61. Who spoke to Abraham? 17 Then the Lord said, “Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? 18 Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all nations on earth will be blessed through him. 19 For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is right and just, so that the Lord will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him.” 20 Then the Lord said, “The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous ..”(Genesis 18:13-20)
    62. 62. Who stopped the sacrifice? 22 Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am,” he replied.2 Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you.” 3 Early the next morning Abraham got up and loaded his donkey. He took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac. When he had cut enough wood for the burnt offering, he set out for the place God had told him about. 4 On the third day Abraham looked up and saw the place in the distance. 5 He said to his servants, “Stay here with the donkey while I and the boy go over there. We will worship and then we will come back to you.” 6 Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and placed it on his son Isaac, and he himself carried the fire and the knife. As the two of them went on together,7 Isaac spoke up and said to his father Abraham, “Father?”“Yes, my son?” Abraham replied.“The fire and wood are here,” Isaac said, “but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?”8 Abraham answered, “God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son”.
    63. 63. Who stopped the sacrifice? 9 Then they came to the place of which God had told him; and Abraham built the altar there and arranged the wood, and bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. 10 Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. 11 But the angel of the Lord called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 12 He said, “Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you [b]fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.” 13 Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son. 14 Abraham called the name of that place The Lord Will Provide, as it is said to this day, “In the mount of the Lord it will be provided.” 15 Then the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven, 16 and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the Lord, because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17 indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies.
    64. 64. Who stopped the sacrifice? Do you see a connection between Abraham’s sacrifice and Christ’s? Refer Gen 22.
    65. 65. Who stopped the sacrifice? The Offering of Isaac points to the Crucifixion of Jesus [1] Type (Model) Antitype (Fulfillment) Abraham offered his only son (Gen. 22:2,12). God offered his only Son (John 3:16). Isaac carried the wood for the sacrifice (Gen. 22:5). Jesus carried the cross for the sacrifice (John 19:17). Isaac cried out to his father (Gen. 22:7). Jesus cried out to His Father (Mat. 27:46; Mark 15:34). Isaac escaped death after three days (Gen.22:4). Jesus rose from the dead on the third day (Mat. 16:21; Mark 16:2-4; Luke 9:22). Abraham indicated God will provide a lamb for the sacrifice (Gen. 22:8). God provided Jesus as The Lamb for the sacrifice (Isa. 53:7; John 1:29, 36; Rev. 5:6+; 7:17+).
    66. 66. Who stopped the sacrifice? The Offering of Isaac points to the Crucifixion of Jesus [1] God provided a ram, a male sheep, as a substitutionary sacrifice (Gen. 22:13). God provided a male, Jesus, as a substitutionary sacrifice. The ram was caught by its horns (head) in a thicket (thorns) (Gen. 22:13). Jesus wore a crown of thorns on his head (Mat. 27:29), a symbol of the sin He bore (Gen. 3:18). Sacrifice offered at specific location on Mount Moriah (Gen. 22:2, 9). For hundreds of years, sacrifices would be offered from the same spot inside Solomon’s Temple and the Second Temple (2Chr. 3:1). When Jesus is crucified outside the city walls on the same mountain, the veil within the Temple is rent in two (Mark 15:38). God’s provision prophesied (Gen. 22:13-14). Abraham prophetically named the place pointing to the crucifixion where God made the ultimate provision: the sacrifice of His Son for sin (Heb.9:26-28).
    67. 67. Who fought with Jacob? And He said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed. ”Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.” And He said, “Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He blessed him there. So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: “For I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” (Genesis 32:27–30)
    68. 68. Who fought with Jacob? • Who initiated the fight between man and Jacob? Why? • Why did God dislocate Jacob’s thigh?
    69. 69. Promises Fulfilled in Christ In Genesis we see the promise of Christ, who is: • A seed who would defeat Satan Gen 3 • A Saviour who provides alternate sacrifice – prelude of Calvary (Gen 22) • A Son who enables joint-sonship into God’s kingdom (14:17- 20) • A Spirit who: • comforts and perseveres with the lost world, • is wrestling with us to draw us to submission to God • Same as God Receives tithes, judges, wins battles, blesses, saves, etc.
    70. 70. Highlights – Promises Fulfilled in Christ Representation Remarks Seed Jesus Announces to Adam that he will be second Adam Saviour Jesus, the substitutionary sacrifice -prelude of Calvary Son Shares his heavenly kingdom with us. Sign – Holy Communion Spirit Perseveres with the saved (Jacob) and unsaved (Ishmael) Same as God Jesus demonstrates equality with God
    71. 71. God Intervenes…. While man fails, God prevails What man kills, God rebuilds
    72. 72. God Intervenes…. • God battles with us while we constantly veer towards Satan’s clutches • God never lets his knowledge of the future or the past interfere with his present dealings with an individual • God provides opportunities for recovery in the most hopeless of situations and people • God continues to work his plans through the current circumstances when his perfect plans are jeopardized. • Sometimes God has to hurt and weaken us to bring us to greater dependence on him and greater humility.
    73. 73. Discussion God is an unchanging God. Share thoughts/ enact scenarios on how you have personally experienced God’s interventions in your life in the context of a: • Saviour (rescuing you), • Son (making you a joint heir) or • Spirit (encouraging, guiding you)?
    74. 74. References 1. www.spiritandtruth.org

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