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OT Journey -- Moses, Israel, The Law

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Bible walkthrough - Moses and the children of Israel

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OT Journey -- Moses, Israel, The Law

  1. 1. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 12: Moses - Humbled Faith GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Reign of Royalty The Royal Verses The Prophetic Era
  2. 2. OT Walkthru - The Patriarchal Ages 1. OT Summary 2. Adam – A Fallen Faith 3. Noah – Surviving Faith 4. The World in Confusion – Babel 5. Job – Faith under Fire 6. Abraham – Soaring Faith 7. Isaac – Winging Faith 8. Jacob – Driving Faith 9. Joseph – Unwavering Faith 10. God’s Direct Interventions in Genesis 11. God’s Special Interventions in Genesis 12. Moses – Humbled Faith 13. Israel – Leanness of Soul 14. God’s Commandments
  3. 3. Objectives • To understand God’s preparation ground for Moses: • In his family • In the palace • In the wilderness • To understand humility and its benefits • To apply humility in our lives
  4. 4. Presentation Overview • Palacial Training - The Protected Years (first forty) • Providential Training - The Rejected Years (next forty) • Purposeful Living - The Elected Years - (last forty) • Video • Recap • Discussion
  5. 5. Moses’ 40 years Progression • For the first 40 years, Moses thought he was somebody • For the next 40 years, he realized he was a nobody • For the last 40 years, he realized that God could make nobody into a somebody
  6. 6. The Protected Years By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid for three months by his parents, because they saw that the child was beautiful; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. - Heb 11:23 22 And Moses was instructed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was mighty in his words and deeds. - Acts 7:22
  7. 7. Point to Ponder Why does Moses tell God he cannot speak when Acts 7 records that he is “mighty in words and deeds”?
  8. 8. The Protected Years 27 But the man who was wronging his neighbor thrust him aside, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge over us? 28 Do you want to kill me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday?’ 29 At this retort Moses fled, and became an exile in the land of Midian.. (Acts 7:27-29)
  9. 9. The Protected Years – The Choice 24 By faith Moses, when he was grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 choosing rather to share ill- treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. – Hebrews 11:24,25
  10. 10. The Protected Years – The Choice 26 He considered abuse suffered for the Christ greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he looked to the reward.27 By faith he left Egypt, not being afraid of the anger of the king; for he endured as seeing him who is invisible. – Hebrews 11:26,27
  11. 11. Palacial Training Moses was chosen to be trained in the cradle of the most powerful nation – as prince. He was: • Chosen by God • Chosen by the King’s daughter Yet he: • Chose God over the King
  12. 12. The Rejected Years 35 “This Moses whom they refused, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’ God sent as both ruler and deliverer by the hand of the angel that appeared to him in the bush Acts 7
  13. 13. Providential Training – Cont’d.. “He chose David, his servant Handpicked him from his work in the sheep pens One day he was caring for the ewes and their lambs, The next day God had him shepherding Jacob His people Israel his prize possession His good heart made him a good shepherd He guided the people wisely and well” Ps 78
  14. 14. Providential Training At the end of God’s training Moses learnt: • How to care like a shepherd • Humility – became “the most humble person on earth” (Num 12:3) • Unconditional Obedience • Unconditional Faith “With great power comes great responsibility”
  15. 15. Providential Training Moses was ready to: • Successfully deliver a nation in the most dramatic Exodus the world has ever known through circumstances the world has never seen. • Be the voice of God to a rebellious nation.
  16. 16. The Elected Years 36 He led them out, having performed wonders and signs in Egypt and at the Red Sea…39 Our fathers refused to obey him, but thrust him aside, and in their hearts they turned to Egypt, 40 saying to Aaron, ‘Make for us gods to go before us…. (Acts 7)
  17. 17. Purposeful Living • Held the miracle rod He wielded the greatest power and yet he remained…. • Most humble before God • Inspite of greatest wealth of the world • Inspite of greatest power of God Now Moses was a very humble man, more humble than anyone else on the face of the earth. Numbers 12:3
  18. 18. Purposeful Living • Till the end, he had all faculties intact. • God himself buried him.. • He appeared with Elijah at the transfiguration on the promised land.
  19. 19. Leave https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hid8gNPvl-M
  20. 20. Recap: • Palacial Training - The Protected Years (first forty) • Providential Training - The Rejected Years (next forty) • Purposeful Living - The Elected Years - (last forty)
  21. 21. Discussion 1. What is true humility? Define it in your own words. 2. Humility is tied to your identity. Discuss/ Enact scenario/s of how even when humiliated you can react in confident manner, and maintain humility. You may contrast it with pride. 3. Did Moses’s punishment of not being able to enter the promised land strengthen his humility? Discuss. 4. Reflect on Miriam’s journey from proactive sister to ambitious leader. What can we learn?
  22. 22. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 13: Israel – Leanness of Soul GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Royal Verses Prophets, Priests and Kings
  23. 23. OT Walkthru- The Patriarchal Ages 1. OT Summary 2. Adam – A Fallen Faith 3. Noah – Surviving Faith 4. The World in Confusion – Babel 5. Job – Faith under Fire 6. Abraham – Soaring Faith 7. Isaac – Winging Faith 8. Jacob – Driving Faith 9. Joseph – Unwavering Faith 10. God’s Direct Interventions in Genesis 11. God’s Special Interventions in Genesis 12. Moses – Humbled Faith 13. Israel – Leanness of Soul 14. God’s Commandments
  24. 24. Objectives • To understand the meaning of: • Prosperity of soul • Leanness of soul • To seek and enjoy true prosperity (of soul) in our lives
  25. 25. Israel – Leanness of Soul Presentation Overview • Psalm 78 – Asaph’s Reflections on Israel • “In their hearts they turned to Egypt” • Dangers Today • Prosperity of Soul • Leanness of Soul • Discussion
  26. 26. Israel – The Chosen Ones Generations after Abraham when the population had multiplied into lakhs, rebellion set in:  Barring Moses, the next level leadership was tainted (Aaron and Miriam)  The third level leadership corrupt  The conflict between God and His nation, reflects the conflict between God and His church today.
  27. 27. Psalm 78 – Asaph’s Reflections on Israel (The message Translation)God Israel He set his word firmly in Israel, commanded parents to teach to children Ephraimites were cowards to God’s covenant, refused to walk by his Word. Forgot what he’d done right before their eyes He performed miracles, led them out All they did was sin even more, rebel against the High God, clamored for favours, for special attention, whined like spoiled children God was furious, his anger flared, he lost his temper It was clear they did not believe God, had no intention of trusting in his help God helped them, opened the gates of heaven, handed everything they craved on a platter Greed knew no bounds God was fed up, cut down their brightest and best Kept on sinning, still wouldn’t believe, lives dribbled off to nothing Cut them down Came running for help, turned and pled for mercy, witnessed that God was their rock, lied through their teeth, could not have cared less about him Compassionate, forgave their sin, didn’t destroy, over and over restrained his wrath Time and again pushed him to the limit, provoked Israel’s Holy God. Quickly forgot
  28. 28. God Israel Scattered everyone who got in his way, staked out an inheritance for them Kept on giving him a hard time, rebelled, worse then their parents, crooked as a corkscrew..pagan orgies provoked God’s anger, idolatories broke his heart Furious, walked off, abandoned the shrine where he had met them, turned his back on the pride of his life, turned them loose on the battlefields, let them fend for themselves Young men went to war and never came back, young women waited in vain, priests were massacred, widows never shed a tear. The Lord was up on his feet. Hit his enemies and sent them running. Disqualified Joseph and chose Judah. Built his sanctuary, chose David “And you continue, so bullheaded! Calluses on your hearts, flaps on your ears! Deliberately ignoring the Holy Spirit, you’re just like your ancestors. Was there ever a prophet who didn’t get the same treatment? Your ancestors killed anyone who dared talk about the coming of the Just One. And you’ve kept up the family tradition—traitors and murderers, all of you. You had God’s Law handed to you by angels—gift-wrapped!— and you squandered it!” Acts 7:51-53 Psalm 78 – Asaph’s reflections on Israel Cont’d…(The Message Translation)
  29. 29. ..In their hearts they turned to Egypt Our fathers refused to obey him, but thrust him aside, and in their hearts they turned to Egypt, (Acts 7:39)
  30. 30. In their hearts they turned to Egypt.. "These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me.” Matthew 15:8
  31. 31. “In their hearts they turned to Egypt” “A whole new generation of Christians has come up believing that it is possible to accept Christ without forsaking the world.” AW Tozer “Our standard of living has gone up, but are we really better off? 40 years of consumerism and media influence has created a basic shift in values. Overall we live in a culture dominated by the secular life view.” Pat Morley – Man in the mirror
  32. 32. Dangers Today - Deeds without Love Ron Jensen travelled around the country with his wife in a camper and interviewed 350 Christian leaders. At the end of the tour he made a discouraging observation. He said “I found a great deal of zeal for God’s work, but very little passion for God”. …. 4 But I have this against you, that you have abandoned the love you had at first. Rev.2:2-4.
  33. 33. Dangers today - “Prosperous”? Christians You say, “I am rich. I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.” But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked (Rev.3:15-17)
  34. 34. Prosperity in Soul 3 John 1:2 : "I wish above all things that you may prosper and be in health, even as your soul prospers."
  35. 35. Prosperity in Soul
  36. 36. Leanness of Soul One year the Standard Oil Company had a stunningly beautiful float in the Pasadena rose parade. Right in the middle of the parade, the float ran out of gas!
  37. 37. Leanness of Soul In the desert they gave in to their craving; in the wilderness they put God to the test. And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul. Psalm 106:14,15
  38. 38. Leanness in Soul It’s better that God denies something in love than gives something in anger
  39. 39. The Spread of God’s word Even larger world – Jesus came - God’s word reached the worlds Larger world – God’s word reached Israel Small world - God’s word reached individuals Men and women of God were vehicles, world deteriorated to “days of Noah” Israel was the vehicle, Nation divided and scattered. Temple was destroyed and captured Church vehicle Growing “leanness” will bring world to the condition of “days of Noah” Second coming of Christ will finally end this cycle – Satan’s kingdom will be destroyed forever and God will rule forever
  40. 40. Waiting https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kusgx612VMs
  41. 41. Discussion/ Activity It is a challenge while we wait on earth on our journey to heaven. • What is the soul? What is prosperity of soul? What is leanness of soul? • How can we truly enjoy “prosperity of soul”? Enact scenario/s.
  42. 42. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 14: God’s Commandments GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Royal Verses Prophets, Priests and Kings
  43. 43. OT Walkthru- The Patriarchal Ages 1. OT Summary 2. Adam – A Fallen Faith 3. Noah – Surviving Faith 4. The World in Confusion – Babel 5. Job – Faith under Fire 6. Abraham – Soaring Faith 7. Isaac – Winging Faith 8. Jacob – Driving Faith 9. Joseph – Unwavering Faith 10. God’s Direct Interventions in Genesis 11. God’s Special Interventions in Genesis 12. Moses – Humbled Faith 13. Israel – Leanness of Soul 14. God’s Commandments
  44. 44. The OT Law There was given hundreds of laws for the people, these laws were divided into three phases [1]: • Moral Laws (10 Commandments written by the finger of God), • Civil Laws (Dietary and Judicial also), and • Ceremonial Laws (Sacrifices, Feast Days, etc.).
  45. 45. Summary of the Law 35 Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, 36 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?” 37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.” Matt 22
  46. 46. ..the Greatest is Love “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.” John 13:34,35
  47. 47. ..the Greatest is Love In John 21 : In His last meeting with His disciples, Jesus says to Peter: "Do you love Me more than these? Feed my sheep!"
  48. 48. .. the Greatest is Love “I know your deeds, your hard work and perseverance. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked men, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false. You have persevered and endured hardships for my name, and have not grown weary. Yet I hold this against you. You have forsaken your first love” .Rev.2:2-5. - Church in Ephesus
  49. 49. Jesus raised the bar…. In the New Covenant, Jesus raised the bar on: • Love • Law • Living
  50. 50. Old Covenant vs. New covenant Love the Lord your God with all your heart… Love your neighbour as yourself Law Written on stone and paper Atoned for deeds (Letter of the law) Call to be holy Love the Lord your God with all your heart… Love one another as I have loved you Grace Written on hearts Atoned for on mind and heart (spirit of the law) Call to be disciples and make disciples
  51. 51. Grace? What does “you are not under the law but grace” mean? ..offer every part of yourself to him as an instrument of righteousness.14 For sin shall no longer be your master, because you are not under the law, but under grace. – Romans 6
  52. 52. Law (Sin consciousness) vs Grace (God Consciousness) .. 6 But now, by dying to what once bound us, we have been released from the law so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit, and not in the old way of the written code. – Romans 7
  53. 53. Law (Sin Consciousness) vs. Grace (God Consciousness) Grace is not: • freedom to sin Grace is: • freedom from sin
  54. 54. The Law – Written on our Hearts Psalms 119:11 - Your word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against you. Ephesians 4:23 - And be renewed in the spirit of your minds. Jeremiah 31:33 – “This is the covenant.. I will put my law within them and I will write it in their hearts and will be their God and they shall be my people.”
  55. 55. The Law – Written on our Hearts Psalm 139:23-24 Search me, O God, and know my heart! Try me and know my thoughts! And see if there be any grievous way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting! Romans 1:28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done.
  56. 56. The Law – Written on our Hearts And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual. The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. The spiritual person judges all things, but is himself to be judged by no one. “For who has understood the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?” But we have the mind of Christ. - 1 Corinthians 2:13-16
  57. 57. Spirit of the Law vs. Letter of the Law 5 Those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on what the flesh desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires. 6 The mind governed by the flesh is death, but the mind governed by the Spirit is life and peace. 7 The mind governed by the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God’s law, nor can it do so. Romans 8
  58. 58. Acid test of spirit of God Is our mind governed by the spirit or by the flesh?
  59. 59. Spirit of the Law vs. Letter of the Law 21 Dear friends, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have confidence before God 22 and receive from him anything we ask, because we keep his commands and do what pleases him. 1 John 3
  60. 60. Assurances We know that anyone born of God does not continue to sin; the One who was born of God keeps them safe, and the evil one cannot harm them.1 John 5:18 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, Romans 8:1
  61. 61. Warnings Yet I hold this against you. You have forsaken your first love” Consider how far you have fallen! Repent and do the things you did at first. If you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place.Rev.2:2-5. 22 Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’ 23 And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’ Matt. 7:21-23
  62. 62. The Great Commission –Call to Be Disciples and Make Disciples 18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Matt 28 Amen.
  63. 63. Walking with God https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rRFBmFSi7Dc
  64. 64. Summary What is the difference between the old and new covenant? • The old covenant (Torah) was for a nation and included civil, dietary, legal, ceremonial, moral and spiritual commands. • The civil, dietary, legal aspects are not relevant to us, as Jesus asked us to submit to the current Governing authority who will take care of those • Ceremonial practices do not outdo the inner cleansing. While Jews may still follow them, Baptism and Holy Communion are the sacraments Jesus instituted for us. • The moral and spiritual commands are valid but standards are higher as God judges the heart and the spirit of the law.
  65. 65. Discussion • What are some misconceptions on grace you have had? • Given the right perspective, how would your walk with God change? • Enact a scenario on how grace increases your capacity to meet the increased standards.
  66. 66. References 1. www.bible-history.com

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