Definition from Heather Morrison who just completed a PhD at Simon Fraser on the topic “Freedom for scholarship in the internet age”.
In 2002 the Budapest Open Access Initiative launched a worldwide campaign for open access (OA) to all new peer-reviewed research. The BOAI was the first initiative to use the term “open access”, the first to articulate a public definition, the first to propose complementary strategies for realizing OA, the first to generalize the call for OA to all disciplines and countries, and the first to be accompanied by significant funding.
The two are complementary strategies, “Gold” does not mean “higher quality” or “more open.”Gold is the ‘easiest’ way for faculty to make sure their research is open access, as they do not have to take the extra step of putting their work into a repository. Gold may also have a cost associated (for instance, ACS charges $3000 for Open Access publishing, but this can be covered by grants or author funds (I’ll discuss further later)In July 2012 “the Finch report” recommended a clear policy direction in the UK towards support for ‘Gold’ open access publishing, where publishers receive their revenues from authors rather than readers, so research articles become freely accessible to everyone immediately upon publication.
1.European Commission (EU) will make open access to scientific publications a general principle of their Horizon 2020 programmeFrom: Scientific data: open access to research results will boost Europe's innovation capacity http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/12/790Government to open up publicly funded research. BIS. 16/07/12 http://www.bis.gov.uk/news/topstories/2012/Jul/government-to-open-up-publicly-funded-research
-NIH policy requiresOpen Access in 12 mos-Canadian Institutes of Health Research: effective Jan 1, 2013. Must be available in OA in 12 mos. Costs of open access publication may be reimbursed -In 2011, application forms for new funding opportunities under SSHRC’s Insight and Connection programs introduced a module on knowledge mobilization, encouraging applicants to adopt open access approaches to research dissemination to the extent possible. Under the Connection program, particular importance will be given to proposals that include plans for open access and open source approaches to knowledge mobilization.-NSERC grants will cover costs associated with ensuring open access to the findings (e.g., costs of publishing in an open access journal or making a journal article open access).
Open access information session 2013
Open Access:Maximize the Impact of your ResearchAllison Bell, Sarah Forbes, Pam King, Gail Nichol University of Toronto Libraries
What is Open Access?Simple Definition:Open-access (OA) literature is digital,online, free of charge, and free ofmost copyright and licensingrestrictions(from http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.ca/2013/01/a-simple-definition-for-open-access_8.html)
What is Open Access?Full Definition:“… free availability on the public internet, permitting any usersto read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link tothe full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, passthem as data to software, or use them for any other lawfulpurpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers otherthan those inseparable from gaining access to the internetitself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution,and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be togive authors control over the integrity of their work and theright to be properly acknowledged and cited.” Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) From: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/openaccess/boai-10- recommendations
Why is OA important?• Ensures access to all researchers, rather than what they (or their school) can afford• Enhances interdisciplinary research• Can increase the visibility, readership and impact of author’s works• Public funding = public access to resultsFrom: http://www.arl.org/sparc/openaccess/why-oa.shtml
Growth of Open AccessFrom: “The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009”http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0020961
Open Access in the NewsSetting the stage for Major research councilthe next decade of opts for open accessopen access. policy.Toronto Star, 9/16,12 University World News, 1/10/13Journal Archive Opens Open-Access of U.K.-Up (Some). Funded Science PapersInside Higher Ed, 1/9/13 Will Start in 2013. Nature News Blog, 7/16/12The inexorable rise of Open access publishingopen access scientific way to bridge thepublishing. knowledge gap intheguardian, 10/22/12 higher education. Business Daily, 1/8/13. Nairobi.
Gold & Green• Gold OA - the publisher makes the final published article freely available (BMJ, PLoS)• Green OA – author deposits a copy of publication in a open electronic archive (T-space, arXiv)More information: http://svpow.com/2012/11/16/tutorial-19b-open-access-definitions-and-clarifications-part-2-gold-and-green
EU and UK – OA progress• Horizon 2020, the EUs Research & Innovation funding programme for 2014-2020• UK Finch Report: “Removing paywalls that surround taxpayer funded research will have real economic and social benefits. It will allow academics and businesses to develop and commercialise their research more easily and herald a new era of academic discovery.”
Funding Agency Mandates• Sherpa Juliet: www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/• NIH Public Access Policy• CIHR Policy on Access to Research Outputs• SSHRC Policy on Open Access• NSERC Use of Grant Funds
Finding OA journals• Ulrich’s Periodical Directory: http://uoft.me/ulrichs
SHERPA RoMEO• Browse or search journal titles to determine the degree of opennesshttp://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo
OA books• DOAB (Directory of Open Access Books) approx. 1215 Academic peer- reviewed books from 33 publishers http://www.doabooks.org/• OAPEN (Open Access Publishing in European Networks) Library lists 900+ books. http://www.oapen.org/home
Author rights• Traditional publishing agreements often require that authors grant exclusive rights to the publisher• SPARC Author Addendum enables authors to retain rights:http://guides.library.utoronto.ca/author_rights• Canadian Association of Research Libraries, carl-abrc.ca
More on Author rightsSee:http://guides.library.utoronto.ca/author_rights
UTL Initiatives• Open Access Author Fund Pilot• Open Access Week (Oct 21-27, 2013)• Focus on Research• T-Space• Journal Production Services (JPS)• Open Conference Services (OCS)
For Help or Informationon Open Access:Contact your subject librarianhttp://resource.library.utoronto.ca/liaison
Thank you!• Scholarly Communication Guide: http://uoft.me/scholcomm• Open Access Week at U of T: http://uoft.me/oaweek