Grammar Book  Belinda Iruku
Table of Contents•    1. Nacionalidades               13. Preterite•    2. Stem Changing Verbs          14. car, gar, zar•...
e>ie                    e>i    Querer- to want         Servir- to serve    Pensar- to think       Pedir- to ask for     Te...
Para   For, in order to          Indicates purpose or destination          PropositionExamples:El regalo para tu mama.Vamo...
Indirect Object Pronouns
Pronoun Placement     Attach pronoun to the infinitive.  Attach the pronoun to a progressive tense.      Place a pronoun b...
Gustar
Affirmative and Negative Words•   algo- something•   alguien- someone•   alguno(a)- any•   nada- nothing•   nadie- no one•...
Los Superlativosísimo           Added toísimos          adjectives                and adverbsísimaísimas            very o...
Reflexives                  acostarse                  afeitarse                  bañarseme   nos          despertarse    ...
Affirmative tu commandsdrop the ‘s’                di- decir                haz- hacer                ve- ir              ...
Negative tu commands                T   no tengas1.put into yo   V   no vengas  form          D   No des2.change the    I ...
Sequencing EventsPrimero- firstEntonces- thenLuego- thenDespues- afterPor fin- at lastAntes- before
Preterite     -ar              -er/ir-e      -amos         -í        -imos-aste                 -iste -ó        -aron     ...
-car, -gar, -zarIn yo form…-car changes to –qué-gar changes to –gué-zar changes to -cé
debo    debemosdebes    debéis   + infinitivedebe     deben
Modal Verbs      -- In modal verb combinations, the      second verb is not conjugated, but      rather left in infinitive...
Present Progressives-ar verbs•-ando-ir or –er verbs•-iendo
AdverbsWhen a verb            When thereends in e, l, or       are twoz, simply add -        adverbs in amente to the     ...
Grammar book bura iruku
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Grammar book bura iruku

  1. 1. Grammar Book Belinda Iruku
  2. 2. Table of Contents• 1. Nacionalidades 13. Preterite• 2. Stem Changing Verbs 14. car, gar, zar• 3. para 15. Deber + infinitive• 4. Indirect Object Pronouns 16. Modal verbs• 5. Pronoun Placement 17. Present progressive• 6. Gustar 18. adverbs• 7. Affirmative and Negative Words• 8. Superlatives• 9. reflexives• 10. affirmative tu commands + irregulars + pronoun placement• 11. negative tu command + irregulars + pronoun placement• 12. sequencing events
  3. 3. e>ie e>i Querer- to want Servir- to serve Pensar- to think Pedir- to ask for Tener- to have Decir- to say or tell Vener- to come o>ue Dormir- to sleep e>ie Jugar- to play Preferir- to preferRecordar- to remember Comenzar- to begin Volver- to return Empezar- to begin Poder- to be able
  4. 4. Para For, in order to Indicates purpose or destination PropositionExamples:El regalo para tu mama.Vamos al restuarante para comer.
  5. 5. Indirect Object Pronouns
  6. 6. Pronoun Placement Attach pronoun to the infinitive. Attach the pronoun to a progressive tense. Place a pronoun before a conjugated verbAttach the pronoun to an affirmative command.
  7. 7. Gustar
  8. 8. Affirmative and Negative Words• algo- something• alguien- someone• alguno(a)- any• nada- nothing• nadie- no one• ninguno(a)- none• tampaco- neither
  9. 9. Los Superlativosísimo Added toísimos adjectives and adverbsísimaísimas very or extremely
  10. 10. Reflexives acostarse afeitarse bañarseme nos despertarse dormirse ducharsete os lavarse levantarse maquillarsese se peinarse secarse
  11. 11. Affirmative tu commandsdrop the ‘s’ di- decir haz- hacer ve- ir pon- poner sal-salir se-ser ten-tener ven-venir
  12. 12. Negative tu commands T no tengas1.put into yo V no vengas form D No des2.change the I no vayas vowel S no seas3.add ‘s’ H no hagas E no estes S no sepas
  13. 13. Sequencing EventsPrimero- firstEntonces- thenLuego- thenDespues- afterPor fin- at lastAntes- before
  14. 14. Preterite -ar -er/ir-e -amos -í -imos-aste -iste -ó -aron -ió -ieron
  15. 15. -car, -gar, -zarIn yo form…-car changes to –qué-gar changes to –gué-zar changes to -cé
  16. 16. debo debemosdebes debéis + infinitivedebe deben
  17. 17. Modal Verbs -- In modal verb combinations, the second verb is not conjugated, but rather left in infinitive form.Examples:Deber- should; ought to Querer- to wantDesear- to desire Saber- know, know how toNecesitar- to need Soler-usually; used toPoder- can; be able to
  18. 18. Present Progressives-ar verbs•-ando-ir or –er verbs•-iendo
  19. 19. AdverbsWhen a verb When thereends in e, l, or are twoz, simply add - adverbs in amente to the sentence, onlyend. the second adverb gets - mente on the end.

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