Verb overview

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Verb overview

  1. 1. Weak (regular) and strong (irregular) Germanverbs: a summary<br />Did you know…<br />German has 170 irregular verbs.<br />English has 283! Count yourself lucky being a native English speaker <br />
  2. 2. Recap of regular German verb rules:<br />stem + regular verb ending<br />verbs ending in –den (finden) or –ten (antworten) just drop the ‘n’ in the du, er/sie/es & ihr forms so that they are easier to pronounce:<br /><ul><li>erfindet, ihrantwortet, du findest</li></li></ul><li>Irregular verbs:<br />1. some add an umlautin the du & er/sie/esforms, like:<br />fahren, fallen, fangen, laufen, schlafen, tragen, waschen.<br />Examples:<br />fahrendu fährst<br />laufensieläuft<br />schlafenschläfst<br />
  3. 3. Some verbs change their vowel in the du & er/sie/es forms, like:<br />helfen(to help) hilfst, hilft<br />lesen(to read) liest, liest<br />geben(to give) gibst, gibt<br />sprechen(to speak) sprichst, spricht<br />sehen(to see) siehst, sieht<br />nehmen(to take) nimmst, nimmt<br />treffen(to meet) triffst, trifft<br />
  4. 4. 3.Some verbs seem to have no rules about them!<br />haben (to have)<br />sein (to be)<br />wissen (to know)  ich weiß, du weißt, er/sie/es weiß<br />
  5. 5. Note! For all verbs:<br />the verb forms of <br />wir (we) <br />sie (they) <br />Sie (you formal)<br />are ALWAYS the same as the infinitive (the verb form you find in a dictionary) – except for sein. <br />
  6. 6. The ihr (you plural) verb form is ALWAYS the infinitive minus the <br />-en plus –t<br />denken (to think)= ihr denkt<br />treffen (to meet) = ihr trefft <br />laufen (to run) = ihr lauft <br />lesen (to read) = ihr lest<br />
  7. 7. How can you tell if a verb is regular?Check a dictionary or verb list – if it isn’t in there, it’s regular!All irregular verbs are listed in your dictionary.<br />

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