Der imperativ for wiki 2010 (1)


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Der imperativ for wiki 2010 (1)

  1. 1. Der Imperativ.The imperative is used for commands, requests and instructions.<br />Anna, komm herein! (du = you, singular)<br />Anna, come in! <br />Jane und Bob, kommt herein! (ihr = you, plural)<br />Jane and Bob, come in!<br />OmaAnke, kommenSie herein! (Sie = you, singular & plural, polite)<br />Grandma Anke, come in!<br />
  2. 2. When you give a command etc, you will either be talking to one person or a group of people.<br />For this reason, you will need to use the corresponding form of the verb for either:<br />du (you, singular, familiar {familiar})<br />ihr (you, plural, familiar {familiar})<br />Sie (you, singular or plural polite)<br />
  3. 3. Handout - imperatives<br />Read through the English explanations on this double sided sheet silently and we will discuss it so you understand what is going on...<br />If you finish quickly, reread the passage again...and again... <br />
  4. 4. Rules for using the imperative:<br />Sie = you, singular & plural, polite<br />“Sie” is simply back to front<br />Sie parken. {You are parking.}  Parken Sie! {Park!}<br />Sie rauchen nicht. {You are not smoking.}  Rauchen Sie nicht! {Don’t smoke!}<br />
  5. 5. ihr = you, plural, familiar<br />“ihr” just drops the pronoun (the ‘ihr’)<br />Ihr parkt. {You are parking.}  Parkt! {Park!}<br />Ihr raucht nicht. {You are not smoking.}  Raucht nicht! {Don’t smoke!}<br />
  6. 6. du = you, singular, familiar<br />“du” is trickier. For regular verbs it just looks like the stem of the infinitive<br />parken {to park}  park! {Park!}<br />rauchen {to smoke}  rauch (nicht)! {(Don’t) smoke!}<br />If the verb is irregular (not sure? Check a dictionary.) you keep the vowel change but drop the “st” ending:<br />essen = to eat  du isst = you are eating  iss! = eat!<br />sprechen = to speak  du sprichst = you are speaking  sprich! = speak!<br />REMEMBER – all irregular verbs are listed in dictionaries.<br />
  7. 7. du (irregular verbs continued)<br />But, if the stem change in the verb adds an umlaut, this is not used in the imperative form<br />fahren = to drive  du fährst = you are driving  fahr! = drive!<br />“sein” (to be) is different (as always!) so just memorise it!<br />du = sei still! (Be still!)<br />ihr = seid still! (Be still!)<br />Sie = Seien Sie still! (Be still!)<br />
  8. 8. Complete the exercise on your “imperatives” handout:<br />Make imperatives out of the phrases given below. The verb to use is shown in brackets. Give all 3 forms for each one – the du, the ihr and the Sie.<br />ALSO! Translate each imperative phrase (follow this example):<br />1. Platz (nehmen)<br />(du) NimmPlatz!<br />(ihr) NehmtPlatz!<br />(Sie) Nehmen Sie Platz! <br />(English) Take a seat!<br />Set your answers out in your book like this please. <br />