Accusative Pronouns And Dative Pronouns

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Accusative Pronouns And Dative Pronouns

  1. 1. Revision(hopefully)... ...& some new stuff!Accusative & Dative Pronouns<br />
  2. 2. Case summary table(If you can memorise this you are doing really well!)<br />
  3. 3. Pronouns<br />What are pronouns? <br />They are the words for: I, you, he, she, it, we, you (plural), they & you (formal)<br />These words can also be put into the accusative case IF SOMETHING IS BEING DONE TO THEM (they are then the direct object of the sentence):<br />John asks him.  “John” is the subject (doing the asking) & “him” is the direct object (having something done to him  being asked)<br />John fragtihn. (John asks him.)<br />Jane siehtdich. (Jane sees you.)<br />Ich mageuch. (I like you {plural}.) <br />
  4. 4. Cases & Pronoun Table:<br />We’ll look at this in a minute!<br />
  5. 5. Some examples:<br />1. I know him. (kennen = to know {a person})<br />1. Ich kenne ihn.<br />2. I am asking her. (fragen = to ask)<br />2. Ich frage sie.<br />3. He loves me. (lieben = to love)<br />3. Er liebt mich.<br />4. I have seen you (two).<br />4. Ich habe euch gesehen.<br />5. I am wearing it.<br />5. Ich trage es.<br />
  6. 6. As you know in German, when you are talking about “it”, you need to clearly state whether you are talking about a masculine, feminine or neuter noun.<br />For example: <br /> The table is brown. It is brown. <br />  DerTischistbraun. Eristbraun.<br />Ok, let’s try it using the accusative case now!<br />Der Rock = the skirt<br /> I am wearing the skirt. I am wearing it. <br />  Ich trageden Rock. Ich trageihn.<br />DieJacke = the jacket<br /> I am wearing the jacket. I am wearing it. <br />  Ich tragedieJacke. Ich tragesie.<br />DasKleid = the dress<br /> I am wearing the dress. I am wearing it. <br />  Ich tragedasKleid. Ich tragees.<br />
  7. 7. Now for some new stuff...<br />The dative case!<br />You may know about this from when you use dative prepositions which are:<br />aus– out of; from<br />bei– at, near, with<br />mit– with<br />nach– after, to<br />seit– since<br />von – from, by<br />zu– to<br />außer– except for, besides<br />gegenüber – (across) opposite<br />
  8. 8. Whenever you use one of these prepositions, whatever follows is in the dative case.<br />Z.B. Der Bus istsehrgroß.  Ich fahremitdem Bus.<br /> Die Party war fantastisch! Nach der Party bin ich nach Hausegegangen.<br /> Das Mädchenistsehrnett.  Das isteinGeschenkvon demMädchen.<br /> Die Freundeheißen Joe und Jack.  Wirbleibenbei denFreunden.<br />There is another instance when you must also use the dative case...<br />
  9. 9. Dative for the indirect object.<br />I am giving the Salvos my old clothes. <br />Frage. Who is the subject?<br />Antwort. I<br />F. What/who is the direct object (think accusative case – what/who is having something done to it/them?)<br />A. “my old clothes” – they are being ‘given’<br />F. Who/what is the indirect object?<br />A. “the Salvos”<br />The indirect object is who or what is receiving the direct object, in this case, “The Salvos” are receiving “my old clothes” and therefore “the Salvos” are the indirect object.<br />
  10. 10. To identify an indirect object, think:<br /> “Who or what is receiving something?”<br />Whoever that person is, is the indirect object (& therefore in the dative case)<br />
  11. 11. Some more examples to dissect...<br />I am giving her a book.<br />S = I D.O. = a book I.O. = her<br />Ich gebeihreinBuch.<br />Susie gives the boy the cds.<br />S = Susie D.O. = the cds I.O. = the boy<br />Susie schenktdemJunge die CDs<br />The man sold us the house.<br />S = The man D.O. = the house I.O. = us<br />Der Man hat uns das Haus verkauft.<br />
  12. 12. There are also certain verbs which always precede the dative case.<br />Some of these are:<br />antworten – to answer<br />geben – to give<br />danken – to thank<br />gefallen – to please<br />gehören – to belong<br />helfen – to help<br />passen - to fit (clothing etc)<br />stehen – to suit (clothing etc)<br />Ich antwortedem Mann. I answer the man.<br />Wirdanken der Lehrerin. We thank the teacher.<br />Sie hilftdemkleinen Kind. She helps the small child.<br />Das blaueHemdpasst dir nicht. The blue shirt doesn’t fit you.<br />
  13. 13. Note the change in pronouns:<br />
  14. 14. Word order rules with direct & indirect objects in the same sentence.<br />The indirect object always comes before the direct object.<br />Meine Mutter schenktmeinerSchwestereineHandtasche.<br /> (I.O. = dative) (D.O. = accusative)<br /> My mother gives my sister a handbag<br />Exception: if you have two pronouns in a sentence, the D.O. comes before the I.O.  Gibst du esmirbitte? <br /> Give it to me please?<br />

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