The Effects of Fluency on Reading Comprehension

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Research proposal presentation for the Research Methods course given in the SG Inter.

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The Effects of Fluency on Reading Comprehension

  1. 1. The Effects of Fluency on Reading Comprehension Research Proposal By Elliott Rodriguez
  2. 2. Defining key terms: <ul><li>Fluency: the product of accurately reading connected text at a conversational rate with appropriate prosody </li></ul><ul><li>Reading comprehension: the ability to understand reading selections through the active construction of meaning from the text </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fluency and Comprehension: A Teacher’s Balancing Act <ul><li>Many teachers focus on fluency and comprehension individually without considering how they relate to each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Others decidedly focus more on the one they personally consider most important. </li></ul><ul><li>Most researchers are not in agreement on the importance of fluency on achieving reading comprehension. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purpose: <ul><li>This study will attempt to establish a general understanding of the relationship between fluency and comprehension, given that their role and importance in reading instruction has been subject of debate among researchers, instructors, and policy makers alike. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Research Questions: <ul><li>Central question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does fluency affect reading comprehension, if at all? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sub-questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can there be fluency without comprehension or vice versa? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does increased fluency improve reading comprehension? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What reading strategies contribute to fluency and/or comprehension? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What should be the main focus for reading instruction? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Significance: <ul><li>A study of this nature should prompt further research into this field. </li></ul><ul><li>The effectiveness of the reading strategies used in the study could serve as a relevant guideline for teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>The results of this study will help policy makers, of school and regional levels, to effectively modify current teaching standards. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Participants: <ul><li>Grade level: 12 th </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Lola Rodriguez de Tió High School in San Germán, Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>In order to work with a sample representative of school population, the students chosen for the study will be part of a mixed group which includes students from various home rooms. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Methodology: <ul><li>The participating teacher will be prompted on reading strategies that will be taught, alternating focus between fluency, comprehension, and both. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will work with these strategies over a period of one school year. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Methodology: Fluency Strategies <ul><li>Fluency strategies may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeated Reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reader’s Theater </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Methodology: Comprehension Strategies <ul><li>Comprehension strategies may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Story Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power Thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q&A Sessions </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Methodology: Balanced Strategies <ul><li>Balanced strategies may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral Recitation Lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Emphasis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Activities such as: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word Lists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word Maps </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Methodology: Data Collection <ul><li>Data will be collected through weekly interviews with the teacher and students, as well as observation sessions which will be used to compare the applied strategies and determine their effectiveness. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Expected Results <ul><li>Results should show a distinct correlation between reading fluency and comprehension that would suggest the need for a more balanced approach to curriculum design regarding reading instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the limited scope of this study, it is also expected for further research to be recommended. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End <ul><li>Thank you for your time! </li></ul>

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