10minsKey link between the two films is that they are both set in the Deep South of America, in neighbouring states Alabama and Mississippi. Race is a ‘central theme of southern history’ (historian Ulrich Phillips) and is key to the link between these two films but the time difference allows as to approach a discussion of whether the messages and values have changed. In the South… the legacy of institutionalized racism, first in the form of slavery, then in that of segregation, confers to race specific dimension [in both films] that cannot be ignored . (Helene Charlery)
5minsThe themes can be said to be a conduit for the communication of the messages and values of the films. The themes that can be said to be shared by both film are:bigotry, which can be said to cover racism, racial intolerance and racial inequality, justice and the law, perspective, moral courage and ethics.
3minsTo Kill a Mockingbird – 1962A Time to Kill – 1996Do they know what was happening at these times?
(By end of task 45min of lesson gone)10minsGet across the importance of the Civil Rights Movement – and the fact that although the film was set in 1930s the messages and values that it communicated resonated with what was happening in the time period it was made – fighting for equal rights, against segregation and against unfair state and country wide laws.20mins group discussion – actually write out in full sentences (perhaps refer to the themes to help you – focus on bigotry, tolerance and moral courage/bravery) – The key is to think about what parts of the film reflect the reality of what was going on at the time10mins feed backSegregation in the courthouseBob Ewell vs. Atticus and their confrontationsFinding Tom guilty – the injustices of a the American legal systemLessons to ScoutAtticus’s closing speechAtticus takes on Tom’s case even though he knows the town will be against him (Herculean task - requires tremendous effort, strength) Atticus is brave to defend a black man in the face of criticism and threats of violence. Atticus struggles on with case because he believes that one day good will prevail over the evils of racism and racial equality will exist Facing the mob of men outside the jailhouse.
15minsThe need to consider the key theme to be able to create links to the 1990sAlso very popular at this shows like COPS reinforce the idea that the African American is a criminal and that the justice system seems to serve and protect only white America.Rodney KingAfter two passengers were placed in the patrol car, five Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) officers (Stacey Koon, Laurence Powell, Timothy Wind, Theodore Briseno, and Rolando Solano) attempted to subdue King, who came out of the car last. In a departure from the usual procedure, which is to tackle and cuff a suspect, King was tasered, kicked in the head, beaten with PR-24 batons for over one minute, then tackled and cuffed. The officers claimed that King was under the influence of PCP at the time of arrest, which caused him to be very aggressive and violent towards the officers. The video showed that he was crawling on the ground during the beating and that the police made no attempt to cuff him.A subsequent test for the presence of PCP turned up negativeDue to the heavy media coverage of the arrest, the trial received a change of venue from Los Angeles County to the politically conservative city of Simi Valley in neighboring Ventura County. The jury was composed of ten Caucasians, one Hispanic, and one Asian. The prosecutor, Terry White, was black.20mins group discussion – actually write out in full sentences (perhaps refer to the themes to help you – focus on bigotry, Justice and the Law and Ethics)10mins feed back
Section C - April 16th
Section C: US Cinema Comparative Study JOEL SCHUMACHER, 1996 ROBERT MULLIGAN, 1962MONDAY 14th MAY Section A – Film Industry 4 WEEKS Section B – British Film (Horror) Section C – Comparative Study
Section C: US Cinema Comparative Study• Candidates are required to answer one question from a choice of two. Candidates are required to compare and contrast two films either from the same genre or dealing with a specific theme. Both questions will have an emphasis on the relationship between aspects of the films narrative in relation to generic characteristics. The first question will be based primarily on narrative study. The second will be based on contextual study. Issues of representation will be common to both questions.
HOW TO APPROACH REVISION• The best way to revise is to review past exam questions and apply your knowledge to them, this way you can check how confident you are with regard to your knowledge of the films and also fill any gaps that you feel you may have.
PAST EXAM QUESTIONS1. Compare the ways in which key themes in your chosen American films are presented. (HOMEWORK – DUE MONDAYY!)2. With reference to your chosen American films, compare the extent to which their messages and values reflect the times in which they were made3. How important is place in contributing to key themes in the American films you have studied for this topic?4. Discuss similarities and differences in the representation of masculinity in your chosen American films.5. How far do the American films you have studied for this topic depend on well established narrative and/or genre conventions?6. How far do the American films you have studied for this topic express similar messages and values to one another?7. Compare the ways in which narrative is used to create dramatic conflict in the American films you have studied for this topic8. How far do your chosen American films portray themes and ideas in similar ways? (HOMEWORK – DUE MONDAYY!)
PAST EXAM QUESTIONS• When looking at these questions it’s apparent that your knowledge of the films must cover:• Key themes/ Messages and Values• Narrative and Genre Conventions• Contextual Knowledge (place and time)• Representation• We will be looking at the questions to see what you know and also try to fill gaps in knowledge (as there are some things we haven’t covered yet!)
Question 2 Timed practice exam on Thursday, check the blog! With reference to your chosen American films, compare the extent to which their messages and values reflect the times in which they were madeAll knowledge applied to specific questions can be interchangeable and in applicable to all
DO THESE MESSAGES AND VALUESREFLECT THE TIMES THE FILMS WERE MADE?
The Civil Rights Movement ROBERT MULLIGAN, 1962 was characterised by major campaigns of civil resistance serving the purpose to Set in the outlaw racial discrimination 1930s made and freedom from in 1962 oppression by white Americans What isDuring the Civil RightsMovement tens of happening inthousands of people 1962 thatof all races risked not would reflectjust their standing inthe community, but the messagesalso their lives, in the and values ofhope of building a the film?coalition for racialequality. 1. How are the messages and This ideology of the Civil Rights Movement can The Civil values communicated in be said to be reflected in the messages and values of To Kill a Mocking Bird the film has the film? Rights 2. Provide textual examples Movement been described as a progressive, enlightened of how the film reflects 60s message about racial prejudice, violence, messages and values of (1955 – 1968) moral tolerance and dignified courage the early 1960s? (themes!)
Since January 1995, morethan 100 churches havebeen burned. The burnings JOELkey is to think about what parts The SCHUMACHER, 1996 Set in thewere predominately in black of the film reflect the reality of what 1995 madecongregations. . “the church was going on at the time in 1996burnings were symptomaticof the larger racial problem What is happeningin America” in the 1990s that 1. How are the messages andRace relations are prevalent in values communicated in the would reflect the1996, and the film portrays the film? messages andinjustices that are happening in 2. Provide textual examples of values of the film?the community of Alabama. The how the film reflectsrural areas seem to hold the most messages and values of theextreme amount of racial tension. 1990s? (themes!)Rural areas contain a great deal ofjoblessness and lack of economicopportunity. It seems thateconomic hardship exacerbatesracial tensions in many areas.There are also studies going on about how thejudicial system is controlled by affluent white peoplewho are not willing to treat African American people released four years after an all-white jury acquittedfairly. The judicial system is being called “the new the four LAPD police officers who assaulted theenslavement of coloured people.” black driver Rodney King in 1992 [which lead to theIn 1963, Martin Luther King described Mississippi as “a Los Angeles riots], and two years after a mostlydesert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and black jury found O.J. Simpson not guilty of theoppression.” The sobering question suggested by the film charges pressed against him during his criminal trialis how much has Mississippi really changed? in 1994, while a mostly white jury found him guilty during the civil trial.
Question 1 Homework questionHow far do your chosen American films portray themes and ideas in similar ways? INDIVIDUAL TASK You 10mins to come up with a plan/ structure for this question
Question 1 Homework questionHow far do your chosen American films portray themes and ideas in similar ways?
TOP TIPS FOR REVISION READ!!!!!! It’s a simple as that there is a lot to rememberfor the section and there is more to say than youthink so read EVERYTHING I give you and use the materials I will be posting on the blog from today!