GCSE Film Studies: Micro analysis examples


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GCSE Film Studies: Micro analysis examples

  1. 1. Film Studies V for Vendetta Clip Micro Analysis 1:47:29 -1:52:52The clip I havephosepis from my favorite film, *V for Vendetta. The clip is meantto be full offcensiornn the build-up for the revolution and fight between *V andthe official The director does this with film languager The main/parts of filmlanguage I have chosen to analyse are cinematography and edjfing. The clip isshowing two pajts" of tension with the build-up to the death of V and therevolution. /The clip starts with a high-angled crane, establishing^ot looking at a part ofLondons city centpe, present throughout the whole of the film, with anadvertising screenattached to a building playing the chancellors speech. Thediagetic sound$f the chancellors voice booms out used as a soundbridge and anon-diagetic fast rythmed music plays, building the tension for the audience asthe screen cuts from the city centre/to several close-up, medium shots oftelevisions showing the same speech>4t the moment in the scene the televisionrooms are packed with people but as the scene goes on the rooms emptyshowing how les^people are listening to the chancellor and more are joining therevolution. /A man enters the underground who is obviously the most senior official as he isthe only one wearing a smt and two men are a his side implying they are hispersonal bodyguards, then a man refers to him as "Sir." We then briefly cut backto the television which is ended after just one sentence from the chancellorbefore we return to the subterranean hall where the senior official positioned inthe middle of three other men now looks at his watch in urgency as another says"Where is he?" The tension is nowon as the audience all want to know when Vis going to show himself.After a quick mid-shot of a television shot of the chancellors speech/we go backto the senior official looking at his watch when V speaks saying "Penny, for theguy" referring to the where is he? The camera cuts to ajrfediuin shot of V in themiddle of the screen with his mask illuminated by the shining torches of everyofficial aiming/straight at him from around the room. This makes V the centre ofattention anfr everyones eyes in the film and the audience are glued to his^ace.While we once again cut back to the television now talking about anenemy/terrorist wishing to divide the nation V is searched with a metaldetector by a cautious official not taking his eyes off V showing that this hasbeen planned referring back to the "Where is he?" but the officials are stillWe now cut back to the numerous television shots. But this time they are notclose-lips of just the television but medium shots of the room with the televisionin.One of these rooms is a pub that earlier in the film is crowded and now isempty with no one even behind the bar. This is done to show that no/one isactually there and the speech you have been listening to is falling on Heaf ears.The rooms are still lit up though producing another clever cliche. The lights areon but no ones homC This is telling us that the public are joining the revolution. V 16
  2. 2. Film Studies Back into the hall we see a low-angled camera shot looking up a/sraircase where two men are dragging a bound and hooded man down the stairs. A backlight is used to show that coming down here is it, there is non getting out again. Making the hall feel like a dungeon.Top lighting is on thg chancellors-head with a medium shot making it feel like heis being interrogated. The light is being projected by a torch, in a cinema this willhave stunned the audience going from such dark shots to a quick burst of lightputting you in the chancellors rj0sition where he is being unmasked. Showingthe surprise and shock. VThe quick cuts are finished now, there is just one long clip of V walkingover tothe chancellor and bending down showing his superiority at the mroxent Thelong clip has slowed everything down and brings everything down to(Earth, aswe all know the chancellor and his empire are doomeu. As the chancellor squealsand cries showing his cowardice V places a rose in his suit and says goodbyeand walks off turning hi^r back on the chancellor and calls the senior officialstating he has finished. The camera now does a point of view shot of thechancellor dsing a low-angle shot of the senior official pointing a gun at him. Thesenior official says disgusting and shoots the chancellor showing victim versusvictor.The chancellor appears on the screen with a close-up shot of th.erhole in histemple. We then zoom out to a medium shot to see him fall to the ground. This ~4could also show how his empire has fallen down as w&M. To add to thesignificance of the event this short sequence is shown is^slow motion. /Without any care of the chancellor the senior official walks towards the middleof the hall looking at V also in the middle of the hall surrounded by all the otherofficials. We are shown this by a high-crane, long shot This placement directsyour attention just to these two men and nothing else, /The senior official tells V that they have done their part and now he has to takehis mask off. V refuses and two officials close in on him both holding their gunsaiming right at hm. The slow walk towards V is one long clip building thetension but when V attacks then the pacing becomes quicker and numerous likein most fight -scenes. This makes the fight look better than it really is becauseafter all it is not real. Whenhis knifes are drawn they are in the shape of a Vwhich is his symbol. *Every official backs behind the senior official whom stays perfectly still showingno fear. This shows V totally alone and heavily outnumbers. As the seniorofficial and V argue abo,uf who will kill who the camera keeping medium shotsshowing that they /are both equal switches between the two men(shot/reversal/shot). Eventually, the senior officer/says kill him the camerazooms outxsliowing the whole hall as bullets fly -at V." The camera switchesbetweept^the long shot of the hall to the medium shots rf just V taking thebullets. When the gunfire stops so does the music building up even more tension.As the audience do no know if he is dead or not! v
  3. 3. Film StudiesWith no music the camera does an extreme close-up of "Vs mask and we can onlyhear his breathing/He then gets up and the camera blurs and focuses in on twoknives in the shape of a V. The camera follows the knives in slow motion as theyhit men on either side of the senior official. In slow motion V takes out the restof the officials until just the senior official is left. ^"V" slowly approaches him in real time filming andwe cut to a point of view shotof the senior officials six shooter guns cylinderas each bullet goes. This showshow the senior official now has nothing left vAs V makes a speech about how ideas are bulletproof hence why he did not diewhen twelve men were shooting at him he grabs the senior chancellor by theneck and strangles him to death as he said he would eariier in the clip. This isshown at a high angle shot, point of view shot of *V. /As V walks off he drops his bulletproof vest a.k.a a piece of dented metal theends. With the shattering noise of.-the metal clanging ringing through your ears.In conclusion I think the/director has successfully built-up the tension andcreated a great fight scene with the quick edits duringytne fight scene preventingthe audience from blinking with excitement and then the slow long scenes whenV" slowly dies. Well done James McTeigue! l
  4. 4. 11/5 Film Studies Microanalysis The clip I have chosen to microanalyse is from Aliens^vs. Predator: Requiem, a sci-fi horror movie about a deadly alien infestatiorrin theColorado town of Gunnison, and the deceitful rrfffitary plot to contajn it. ^ The clip maintains a high sense of suspense am fear, but if not for elements like Mise en scene and scuipi, which Ill be studying in this clip, its effect on the audience would be very different. Starting with Mise en scene, I chose two stills from the clip; the first is a long shotof a pregnant woman who has been impregnated with several alien embryos byirie Predalien. X With setting and props/Fie heart monitor increases the fear because it shows how fast her heart rate isvrelling the audience shes scared for her [ifp: / In facial expression and body language, the victim is cringing in pain/The fact that she isnt screaming indicates the worst is yet to come. Shes lying down and we cant see her arms (they look restrained), telling the audience shes totally helpless to what goes on around her. s In costuraeand make-up, the victim wears a hospital gown- telling us she is/a patienj/which is deliberately lifted by the directors to reveal her stomacf^wnere we see chestbursters. This adds suspense because it tells MS shes going to die. With positioning of characters and objects, the Predajren has left strands of slime, which are multi-directionally strewr^dcross the roorrr. These different directions represent the chaos and disorderfhe Predalien has left, as theyre all over the place. The victim is central to the shot, telling us^shes who were supposed to watch, and wait for her stomach to tear open/The heart monitor is on her right/" indicating her dependence on it and her vulnerability, and adding suspense./ The second still I focused on is a mid-shot of the doctor and the Predalien face-to- face in the ward. In setting and props, the curtain behind the doctor suggests to the audience the Predalien has him backed into a corner with no escape/mentally as well, being too busy assessing what it is, rather than escaping. s With positioning of characters and objects, the Predaliens body is concealed behind a curtain, so we only see its head./This creates fear among ihe audience because, as we cant see its body, we dont know what itll do nexMts totally unpredictable. With facial expression and body language, we see the doctor frozen still; staring atthe Predalien in/horror- he isnt even raising his arms to protect himself. This links tothe previou^paragraph, suggesting hes totally baffled as to what it is, and what itwill do. - Moving^n to sound, which greatly affects the atmosphere and leveHxf tension of amovie, theres a large amounfof diagetic sound/mainly on-screen, paralleled by ascore of non-diagetic musief adding to the diagesis1.The scene starts with a sound bridge from the previous scene, a fight scene. Thiscreates a smooth transition between scenes, keeping the-level of tension" high in theaudience The sound bridge is the war cry of a predator; and halfway through theroar, were brought to the hospital, in a doctorsuffice. Then, consecutively, the heartmonitors in the office start reaching^6fitical condition, by beeping continuously. Thedirector used this on-screen to heighten tension in the audience because this noiseis always associated with deatfcL The doctor fumbles putting his equipment down,murmuring, "its not possible" and expressing his shock at the situatio/f. He panics,shouting "Somethings wrong!" to other doctors. This heightens tension because their
  5. 5. 11/5 Film Studies demonstration of unease would have the same effect on the audience/We hear them run to the other waras, and drums build in volume as the last heart monitor shows flat-line (death)/They stop as the doctor arpives air the maternity ward, and he breathes heavily, indicating the urgency of the slwati&n. An eerie high burst of violins start when he sees a woman with a ruptured stomach. This was used to create tension in the audience because the high note is associated with a tightened string^ which could snap at any momewf. This represents the womans stomach, whiclt^ already has. Whilst staring at the corpse, a strand ofslime lands on the doctors shoulder. This provokes disgust in the audienceywhich heightens the tension, because in previous alien films a sticky substance meant an alien was close. His attention is drawn to another woman, who isnt dead, but we fear she hasnt got long I to live when we see something pushing out on her stomach. This is accompanied by the parallel sound of high violins, which again portray the tightened s$ng. We realisethe host is conscious, as she cries in pain. We see the doctors reaction to this,creating a sound bridge and seemingly prolonging her pain, generating tension in theaudience. Inevitably her^sfbmach bursts, and we even hear it pop like a balloon,adding gore to the clips/She screams, and the aliens create a noise similar to^that.We get another shot of the doctor, but loud footsteps-indicate he isnt alope^Thesefootsteps are slow, and heighten the tension in tbe audience because it gives theaudience time to realise that danger is coming/The score of violins build in volume ^to heighten tension, as the Predalien emerges from behind a curtain, and stopabruptly when it kills him, to create/a sense of horrified relief. v In conclusion, the directors used these essential elements in conjunction witheach other, to create a quite Iwrifying piece. it. d:: e± the rep wii -2P
  6. 6. Shooter3 Analysis decided to choose the film Shooter because I believe it is a great example qfhow to direct a movie and shows reasons behind the directing. For the short extract, the best example of good sound and camerawork seemed to be at the beginning of the film, from the third minute to the fifth. In this extract, for •the majority of the timecthe director is trying to buiid up tension until the action begins. He tries to grab the audiences attention, considering it is the start of the film and he wants them gripped to the film. In this five minute clip, the sound is used to create suspense and build up to the action. In the opening sequence, the sound starts off extremely quiet and /slow. It is very faint, until getting closer to the character, Bob Lee Swagger, The sound then starts to get faster and louder. This technique is commonly used in films and usually makes the audience think something is going to / happen when the sound reaches the peak of the climax. In this section, it tends to almost be like a game of hide and seek, with the sound getting louder /as the camera gets closer. Until eventually all non-diegetic sound is gone and the audience can only hear what is actually there. This skill from the director, where suspense is created but then nothing happens, is used so that next ytime the audience are on the edge wondering if anything will happen.v/ Whereas if something always happened whenever suspense is built, then the audience will always be expecting it. Also in this extract, an example of non-diegetic sound is when a sniper rifle is fired. Obviously it isnt a real gunshot so to make the film realistic, the sound /of a gunshot has to be put on afterwards. This is the same with the reloadingi/ of a gun usually and is used so the audience believes everything they see. Also, this could be used to give a character a sense of power as a gunshot is xribt something people hear every day and seems overpowering to most ^ people. Yet another use of sound is after Swagger has taken the shot and a helicopter is sent to find him. The same technique is used as at the beginning o.f the extract when the sound builds up as the helicopter gets closer. •Although apart from this, the director uses enhanced sound of the helicopters propellers spinning. From where Bob Lee Swagger is stood, the sound of the helicopter would not be as loud as it is on the film. Once again this is used to t/make the helicopter almost an invincible object, and like the character will certainly die, putting the audience on edge. Camera is also an important way of creating meaning. At the start of the five minutes, the camera begins getting closer towards the character Bob Lee Swagger. The shot is an extreme long shot, although because it is moving^./could also be referred to as a crane shot. This gives the audience an overview />? the area for the opening scene and introduces the audience slowly in order L/for them to buiid an impression. Eventually the camera gets closer ciiffside and becomes a low angle shot climbing up thejcliff. With B,ob Lee Swagger /at on top of the cliff, this shot intends to makelhim seem powerful becausei/ he is towering above, and kind of makes the audience be-looking up to him. Then at the top of the cliff, the shot is a close up on his face which is almost /like the camera is revealing where and who he is. This shot creates almost a
  7. 7. puzzle for the audience to find him as he is hidden in camouflage. Another effective shot in the extract is a point-of-view from Bob Lee Swagger while he/is peering down a sniper scope. This shot gives the audience a feeling of the characters situation, but also ties the audience in with the film. Where as, if /the director does not continue to involve .the audience .then eventually they will probably get bored. The final shot that creates an effect in this extract is when the enemy helicopter ;is zooming towards Bob Lee Swagger firing bullets. The -Shot is from behind the helicopter, called a tracking shot. This shot is almost a" comparison of the almighty helicopter and the tiny insignificant Bob Lee Swagger in the background. It makes the audience think he will certainly die. To conclude, the extract finishes with the helicopter crashing down on the/floor; however the camera is underneath the helicopter as it lands and the screen is blacked out. This is an effective shot that shows the audience the//shear reality of what just happened and ends the long trail of action, iletting the audience calm down and reflect on what has just happened, Overall, the directing style seems to be very effective during this five minute clip. The scene is a great way to open the film and gets the audience gripped to the film, and prepared for the rest of story.