(noun/verb)give honor or showadmiration for a deityDeities and places ofworshipART201Ms. BekaExploring Art: A Global, Thematic Approachdeity (n.)a god or goddess
Deities and places ofworshipRituals, oral tradition, sacredwritings, meditation, prayer, and music arebut a few paths used by humans toconnect to the Transcendent. Art is another[path].religiousceremonies/actions doneregularlyby word ofmouth(spoken, notwritten)(holy) religiousand deservingrespect orhonorthink deeplyand focus for along timeabove normal(relating toGod)
where Christianity and IslambeginMonotheism• is the belief in one godand that there is no othergod.• The three monotheisticreligions of the Westernworld areJudaism, Christianity, and Islam.• Judaism is thefoundation of Christianityand Islam.
MONOTHEISTMWESTERNRELIGIONSJudaism(Abraham/Moses)c.1800 BCChristianity(Jesus/Apostle Paul)c.30 CEIslam(Mohammed)622 CE
ISLAM:Places of WorshipMosquesPoint to:Mecca, Saudi Arabia
ISLAM:Dome of the RockBuilt 691 CE.Built exactly where Solomon’sTemple and the second temple’sHoly of Holies were built anddestroyed.The rock inside is where Abrahamwas tested by God to sacrifice hisson, Isaac.
ISLAM:HAGIA SOPHIAOriginally built in 360 CE.Burnt down in 404.Rebuilt in 415, burned down in532.Reconstruction began ½ a monthafter it was destroyed in 532, andit was completed in 537.In 1453, the Christian church wasconquered by Muslims.They covered the Christianmosaics with plaster.In 1935, the plaster wasremoved, and the mosque is nowa museum!
(n.)death, notpermanent(n.)live forever, never dieMortality and immortalityART201Ms. BekaExploring Art: A Global, Thematic Approach
Cremate (v.)burn a deadbody and keepthe ashesChristian burialsEarly Christians buried their dead ratherthan cremating them because they believedthe body would be resurrected and rejointhe soul at the end of time.putundergroundrestore a deadperson to lifeagain
Christian BurialsBaldacchinoThe tomb of Saint Peter.Artist: GIANLORENZO BERNINILocation: St. Peter’s, Rome, ItalyWhen: 1623-1634Media: Gilded BronzeDimension: 100 ft high (30.5 m)
Christian BurialsThe rich and powerful enjoyedchurch burials.The poor and working class wereburied outside in cemeteries andin rural church yards.
ISLAMICMASUSOLEUMS:TAJ MAHALBuilt in 1653.Built in memory of the third andfavorite wife of emperor ShahJahan, Mumtaz, MahalMumtaz Mahal died giving birth toher 14th child.Also, a symbol of Allah’s throne nextto the ‘Garden of Paradise’.
ARCHITECTS ATTACK!Each group will try to build the best building from ourlesson.You may only build one piece at a time, only 3 people atbox.You must sketch your ideas before your start to build.Use linear perspective if you can!
GROUP 1 : JUDAISMBUILD THE TABERNACLE OR SOLOMON’S TEMPLE
GROUP 2 : ISLAMBUILD THE DOME OF THE ROCK OR THE TAJ MAHAL
GROUP 3 :CHRISTIANITYBUILD CHARTRES CATHEDRAL OR ANOTHERCHURCH/CATHEDRAL
ARCHITECTS ATTACK!You may attack your opponents only 1 time each.When you are attacked, you must rebuild, start all overagain!Attacks must cease in the last 5 minutes.