Function:Commemorate the dead• THE GREAT PYRAMID ATGIZA• Oldest of the 7 Wonders• (c. 2560 BCE)• Only Wonder left standingtoday!• Was the tallest man-madestructure until 19th century!• Pharaoh Khufu
Function:Commemorate the dead• TOMB OF MAUSOLUS• Persian King of Caria• Constructed 353-350 BCE.• Cultural Collage• Egyptian Style• Greek Style• Persian Style• Destroyed 1494 (stonesused to construct a castle).• “Mausoleum”
Function:Place of Worship• TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS• Constructed c. 550 BCE• Greek Goddess of Fertility• Destroyed by HerostratusJuly 20, 356 BCE• Alexander the Great?• Reconstructed 323 BCE• Destroyed c. 262 (byGoths)
Function:Place of Worship• STATUE OF ZEUS• In his honor (at Olympia)• Constructed c. 430-422BCE by Phidias• Ivory! 13 meters tall• Emperor Caligula• Later destroyed orplundered (uncertain).
What Religious function?• If you were to create amonument of somesort, what would it’sreligious function be?• Work together as a team todesign an epic monumentthat should be listed as oneof the Wonders of theWorld!• Will yours be destroyed?How it be protected?