S1 HP _ S1 Lang A and A

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S1 HP _ S1 Lang A and A

  1. 1. A Human Phenomenon& The language OF ART & ARCHITECTURE ART201 Ms. Beka Exploring Art: A Global Thematic Approach
  2. 2. Let’s Discuss… What is art?
  3. 3. A Human Phenomenon AGREE or DISAGREE?• Art is strictly a human phenomenon. Only human beings make art to better understand life or to communicate emotions or ideas to others.• phe•nom•e•non (n) an amazing person, thing, or event.
  4. 4. A Human Phenomenon AGREE or DISAGREE?• Art is strictly a human phenomenon. Only human beings make art to better understand life or to communicate emotions or ideas to others.• Do art-producing animals make art “to better understand life or to communicate emotions or ideas to others”?
  5. 5. Toward a definition of art• No single • Art is a primarily visual medium that definition of art expresses ideas absolutely about our human applies for all experience and the world around us. times and places. • Art engages our attention in a way Generally, that our everyday however… environment cannot.
  6. 6. Toward a Definition of Art AGREE or MARCEL DUCHAMP. DISAGREE? Fountain, 1917.• Art is whatever the artist says is art.
  7. 7. Toward a definition of art• Art is whatever • The definition of art is not universal and a society or a fixed in all its details. culture says is • It fluctuates, because art. cultures are alive and changing.
  8. 8. Toward a definition of art• There are four • Function major areas of • Visual Form art which • Content culture • Aesthetics defines… |esˈθetiks |
  9. 9. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art assists (helps) us in rituals that promote our spiritual or physical well-being.
  10. 10. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art reflects customs related to food, shelter, and human reproduction.• re•flect (v) in the case of mirrors–to show an image of
  11. 11. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art communicates thoughts, ideas, and emotions.
  12. 12. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art gives us pictures of deities, or helps us conceive of what divinity might be.• deity/divinity (n) god or goddess
  13. 13. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art serves and/or commemorates the dead.• com•mem•o•rate (v) recall or show respect
  14. 14. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art glorifies the power of the state and its rulers.• glo•ri•fy (v) describe someone or something as admirable or worthy of worship
  15. 15. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art celebrates war and conquest, and sometimes peace.
  16. 16. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art is a means for protesting political and social injustice.• in•jus•tice (n) lack of fairness or justice
  17. 17. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art promotes cohesion within a social group.• co•he•sion (n) the action of becoming a united whole
  18. 18. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art records the likeness of individuals and their environment.
  19. 19. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art educates us about ourselves and the world around us.
  20. 20. Four major cultural areas of art: FunctionArt has a job in culture.It can do many things.For example:• Art entertains.
  21. 21. GROUP ACTIVITY: 12 Cultural Functions In your teams, discuss your thoughts about 3 cultural functions of art:• Team A: Art assists…, Art reflects…, Art communicates…• Team B: Art gives…, Art serves…, Art glorifies…• Team C: Art celebrates…, Art is a means for…, Art promotes…• Team D: Art records…, Art educates…, Art entertains…Brainstorm examples of these cultural functions of art in the Vietnamese culture. If you can’t think of anything in theVietnamese culture, think of examples you know from around the world. Use 1 sheet of paper to draw a simple sketch or write the
  22. 22. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual Form• Art has visual form so we can see it, or touch it, and so its ideas can be communicated.• The following are examples•of visual Formal Elements form… • Overall Composition • Materials
  23. 23. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Line
  24. 24. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Line
  25. 25. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Line
  26. 26. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Line • What kind of line(s) did you draw? • Draw several more lines. • Try to create at least 7 different kinds of lines.
  27. 27. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual Form Formal Elements • ShapeHENRIMATISSE.Sorrows ofthe King,1952.
  28. 28. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Shape • Regular shapes: • Irregular shapes:
  29. 29. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Color • Hue (the pure color’s name)
  30. 30. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Color • Value (lightness and darkness, or tints and shades): • Hue + White = Tint • Hue + Black = Shade
  31. 31. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Color • Intensity (brightness and dullness): • Neutral colors are very low-intensity colors. • Ex: Cream, tan, or beige
  32. 32. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormalElements• Color • The subtractive color system • The additive color system
  33. 33. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual Form
  34. 34. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual Form MARCEL DUCHAMP, Nude Descending a Staircase (No.2),Formal Elements 1912• Time and Motion
  35. 35. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Texture • Tactile Texture • Visual Texture
  36. 36. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Pattern • Natural Patterns • Geometric Patterns
  37. 37. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Volume
  38. 38. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements • Draw parallel diagonal lines through the• Volume graph on the edges of • Using BLOCK your letters. LETTERS, write your • Close the 3D letters name in the center of by drawing the outer the paper. line of the letter. • Leave space between the edge of the paper and your name.
  39. 39. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Mass
  40. 40. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Mass • Colors also have weight.
  41. 41. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Space • 2D art has planar space (height and width). • Perspective creates complex illusions on a 2D canvas: • Atmospheric (or areal) perspective • Linear perspective (1-Point, 2-Point, 3-Point, etc.)
  42. 42. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Space • What kind of perspective is this picture? Linear or Atmospheric? • If Linear perspective, how many vanishing points does this picture have?
  43. 43. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Space • What kind of perspective is this picture? Linear or Atmospheric? • If Linear perspective, how many vanishing points does this picture have?
  44. 44. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Space • What kind of perspective is this picture? Linear or Atmospheric? • If Linear perspective, how many vanishing points does this picture have?
  45. 45. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormal Elements• Space • What kind of perspective is this picture? Linear or Atmospheric? • If Linear perspective, how many vanishing points does this picture have?
  46. 46. Four major cultural areas of art: Visual FormFormalElements• Space: Linear Perspectiv e
  47. 47. PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION • Balance • Rhythm • Proportion and Scale • Emphasis • Unity and Variety
  48. 48. COMPOSITION: Balance• Symmetrical Balance• Asymmetrical Balance• Radial Balance
  49. 49. COMPOSITION: Rhythm• Regular Rhythm• Alternating Rhythm• Eccentric Rhythm
  50. 50. COMPOSITION: Proportion & Scale• Proportion: the size of one part in relation to the whole.• Scale: the size of something in relation to what we assume to be normal.
  51. 51. COMPOSITION: Emphasis
  52. 52. COMPOSITION: Unity and Variety• Unity: the quality of cohesion in an artwork.• Variety: the elements of difference in an artwork. WAYNE THIEBAUD, Cakes, 1963.
  53. 53. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: CONTENTArt has content, which communicatesthrough:• The art’s imagery• Its symbolic meaning• Its surroundings• The customs, beliefs, and values of the culture• Writings that help explain the work
  54. 54. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: CONTENT• Imagery?• Symbolism?• Surroundings?• Culture?• Writings?
  55. 55. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: CONTENT• SALVADOR DALI. Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of the New Man, 1943.
  56. 56. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Art is an aesthetic experience.• Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that deals with art, its sources, its forms, and its effects on individuals and cultures.
  57. 57. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• 18th and 19th centuries in the West• standard = ancient Greek sculpture.
  58. 58. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• aesthetics was only about beauty• beauty = universally defined for all times and places
  59. 59. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• universalist position = discredited• no worldwide agreement• many qualities other than beauty as significant attributes of art.• DESCRIBE AN IDEALLY BEAUTIFUL VIETNAMESE WOMAN…
  60. 60. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• An ideally beautiful American woman?• Compare the two standards of beautiful women.
  61. 61. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Look at other places around the world:• Mauritania, Africa
  62. 62. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Look at other places around the world:• India
  63. 63. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Look at other places around the world:• Karo Tribe, Ethiopia
  64. 64. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Look at other places around the world:• Maori Tribe, New Zealand
  65. 65. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Look at other places around the world:• Kayan Tribe, Burma and Thailand
  66. 66. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Look at other places around the world:• Saudi Arabia
  67. 67. FOUR MAJOR CULTURAL AREAS OF ART: AESTHETICS• Compare and contrast the two:
  68. 68. LET’S WRAP UPREADING ASSIGNMENT: Entire Course Syllabus TEAM ASSINGMENT: Assign Tasks

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