Centre for the Greek LanguageThe Centre for the Greek Language (hereafter CGL)was established in 1994 in Thessaloniki, Greece. Itis supervised by the Greek Ministry of Education andhas been designated as a national point whereinformation on all matters concerning the Greeklanguage and its teaching as a second or foreignlanguage is collected and disseminated.
The teaching of Greek as aforeign/second languageGreek is one of the less widely spoken/taughtlanguages and thus learners of Greek are fewer thanlearners of other European languages. In the pasttwenty years both state and private institutions andorganisations have been working towards increasingthis number both in Greece and abroad.
Certificate of attainment in GreekThe Certificate of Attainment in Greek which wasestablished in November 1998 by the Ministry ofNational Education responds to a persisting requestof all learners of Greek in Greece and abroad for astate certificate of attainment available at variouslevels
The nature of test items in theexamination A certificate is issued for successful candidatesat four levels, A, B, C and D. Level A is the firstand lowest level, and Level D is the final andhighest level. The examination covers all four language skills,i.e. candidates are examined in Listening,Reading, Writing and Speaking. Even a Level D certificate does not certify thesuccessful candidates ability to teach Greek as asecond language.
The utility of the CertificateThe Certificate of Attainment in Greek: provides any user of Greek with an expert and objective opinion ofthe level of their knowledge serves as proof of the successful candidates level of attainment inGreek in the labour market is a requirement for the practice of various professions in Greece at Level C allows foreigners to register at a Greek institution ofhigher education, in case they do not have a Greek secondaryeducation certificate at Level D allows citizens of European Union member states toprove complete knowledge and fluent use of the Greek languageand thus be employed in a Greek civil service position
The content and types of test itemsThe language -on which candidates are examined is authentic or asauthentic as possible.Texts reflect a wide variety of interests. Test items are close to realisticsituations, to which candidates have to respond in the same way inwhich they would respond in everyday situations, using the targetlanguage.The listening examination includes recorded dialogues or monologuesand the reading examination contains authentic texts - possibly slightlyrevised if necessary.The speaking examination involves two candidates to be assessed bytwo assessors; candidates have to respond to everyday situations,participating in role play for the initial levels or in conversation for themore advanced levels, arguing or expressing personal views onparticular topics.
Level ACandidates should be in a position to understandbroadly a conversation between two native speakersabout common everyday matters and to understandsimple public announcements, simpleadvertisements, notes, programmes, simpleinstructions. They should be able to write shortsimple texts relating to everyday situations andprovide basic information.
Level BCandidates should be in a position to understandand express themselves in simple oral and writtenlanguage, in a variety of general linguisticsituations/conditions which involve the exchange ofinformation and personal views. They should also beable to comprehend essential details of aconversation between two native speakers in avariety of topics, messages, news reports andcommentaries. In writing, candidates should be in aposition to compose short, simple texts, to conveyinformation and personal views on various topics.
Level CCandidates should be in a position to understand andexpress themselves in oral and written language withaccuracy and to use the language in a wide variety ofcommunicative situations which involve highly complexexpressions.Candidates should also be in a position to draw specificinformation and views presented in the context of aconversation between at least three native speakerson a wide variety of topics; to express personal viewsand participate efficiently in a long conversation.They should also understand specific information aswell as recognise the tone and purpose of passagestaken from newspapers, magazines, regulations andofficial letters and reports.
Level DCandidates should be in a position to understand Ð andexpress themselves in Ð oral and written language witha high degree of accuracy, to use complex expressionsand perform linguistic functions within their personaland professional experiences, and to respond tosituations which are unfamiliar to them. They should beable to extract information and to understand impliedstatements in conversations, which may involve someunknown topics and a number of speakers talking atnormal rate. In speaking, candidates should be in aposition to express views efficiently, within theirpersonal and professional experiences, with a highdegree of fluency and accuracy and to participate inconversation which involve situations unknown to them.