Reality in heart of darkness 2

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Reality in heart of darkness 2

  1. 1. REALITY IN HEART OF DARKNESS By Joseph Conrad
  2. 2. Conrad’s style of writing <ul><li>One of the eminent critics says about the Conrad's writing that, “Mr. Conrad’s stories excellent though they are, leave always a feeling of disappointment, almost of regret. He is a rare temperament an exotic , a poetic temperament, and it artistic expression, though tense, nerves, and trembling with beauty, is always a little elusive, a little alien, of the quality of fine gum from Persia ,or of precious silk from China”. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>He represents in his novel heart of darkness the bitter reality of life in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>He himself expresses the title of the novel in a letter to William Blackwood that “ the title I am thinking of is the heart of darkness , but the narrative is not gloomy. The criminality of inefficiency and pure selfishness when tackling the civilizing work on Africa in a justifiable idea”. </li></ul>
  4. 4. In the beginning of the novel Marlow ,(who is the mouth-piece of Conrad) gives us the realistic note about Britain. he takes us in Ancient times nineteen hundred years ago when Britain was invaded by the Romans who had achieved a high degree of civilization while the people of Britain are yet living like savages. The ancient Romans mere robbers who came there without any idea.
  5. 5. Mysteries of life <ul><li>Then in the portrayal of two knitting women has a realistic view as well as symbolic of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Because Marlow thinks that these two women as supernatural beings presiding over the fate of human beings who go to unknown lands and face unknown dangers. And they live in a dream-land which is divorced from the realities of life. </li></ul><ul><li>The stillness, which is stillness of mysterious purpose, looked at a man with a revengeful aspects. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Site of the city <ul><li>The site of the city Brussels seems to Marlow to be a city which is outwardly civilized but which inwardly corrupt and degrade. This is another site of reality that a life of sophistication being led by the people in European cities which are regarded a centers of learning and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>It also shows that white man ‘s purposeless activities towards the lot of people in Africa, who are black and naked, moving like ants. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>“ We live as we dream _alone” </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to man’s loneliness in the universe and the loneliness on this planet. </li></ul><ul><li>The journey of Marlow is according to F.R.Leavis seems to regard him as a narrator only providing a ‘specific and concretely realized point of view', but Marlow reiterates often enough that he is recounting a spiritual voyage of self discovery, </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Conrad depicts human life in Africa on the bases of realistic approach ,which appeal everymen on the earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Marlow the main character in the novel represents the reality in two ways . James Guetti says that “Marlow uses the term ‘reality’ in two ways :the primary reality is the suggested essence of the wilderness, the darkness that must remain hidden if a man is to survive morally, while the secondary reality is a figurative reality like work, an artificial reality by which the truly real is concealed or even replaced . And Marlow admits that this reality of the second sort is simply a deluding activity, a fictitious play over the surface of things”. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Edward Garnett says about realistic facts are shown in the novel “Heart of Darkness to present its theme bluntly, is an impression, taken from life, of the conquest by the European whites of a certain portion of Africa , an impression in particular of the civilizing methods of a certain great European trading company face to face with the ‘nigger’. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>Conrad tells us indirectly at one point that, by paying close attention to the surface reality of the story and its external details, we would be able to arrive at an inner meaning. Like Mr. Kurtz's character who was a civilized person, but living in a dark jungle the darkness of </li></ul><ul><li>the jungle enters in his soul. By the end of the novel, Marlow is almost unable to reintegrate himself into the European society. </li></ul>

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