Utterly Otterly      Why barley?      What barley?     Whither barley?
Why Barley?•   Barley was there first•   Fertile Crescent•   Bread and beer•   Starch as carbohydrate for alcohol•   Enzym...
Why Barley?•   Bread and beer•   Wheat appealed to the wealthy•   Barley bread for the poor•   Barley for all men as beer•...
What Barley?• Landraces• Varieties• Classification  – Winter / Spring
b   B    bb    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    B    b         C         C   1.5
What Barley?• Landraces• Varieties• Classification  – Winter / Spring  – 2-row / 6-row
1.7
What Barley?• Landraces• Varieties• Classification  – Winter / Spring  – 2-row / 6-row  – Malting / Feed• Varietal features
Longitudinal section of a malting barley                  corn                                            pericarp        ...
1.10
Agronomy•   Improved grain yields•   Shorter and stiffer straws•   Ears that do not shatter•   Earlier ripening•   Greater...
Market• Brewhouse extract• Processability  – Malting    • Water uptake    • Rapid germination    • Complete cell wall brea...
Journey to              Maris Otter•   Landraces•   Selection•   Chevallier 1824•   Plumage, Spratt, Archer to 1900•   Pio...
Journey from               Maris Otter•   Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964•   Breeding cycles•   1976 – 1985 - Yield•   ...
Journey from Maris Otter
Chevallier•        • Gene marker-           assisted breeding           project for mould           resistance         • 1...
Winter Malting Quality                        Pedigree                                            Pioneer            Proct...
Whither barley?• New varieties – tried and tested       – For the farmer       – For the brewer• A little bit of Otter in ...
Utterly otterly 28 02 12 v3
Utterly otterly 28 02 12 v3
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Utterly otterly 28 02 12 v3

1,319 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,319
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
64
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Utterly otterly 28 02 12 v3

  1. 1. Utterly Otterly Why barley? What barley? Whither barley?
  2. 2. Why Barley?• Barley was there first• Fertile Crescent• Bread and beer• Starch as carbohydrate for alcohol• Enzymes• Nutrients for yeast growth• Husk for filtration• Availability
  3. 3. Why Barley?• Bread and beer• Wheat appealed to the wealthy• Barley bread for the poor• Barley for all men as beer• Other cereals?• Migration across Europe
  4. 4. What Barley?• Landraces• Varieties• Classification – Winter / Spring
  5. 5. b B bb B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B b C C 1.5
  6. 6. What Barley?• Landraces• Varieties• Classification – Winter / Spring – 2-row / 6-row
  7. 7. 1.7
  8. 8. What Barley?• Landraces• Varieties• Classification – Winter / Spring – 2-row / 6-row – Malting / Feed• Varietal features
  9. 9. Longitudinal section of a malting barley corn pericarp husk testa acrospire vascular pathway scutellum aleurone layer scutellar epithelial cells cell wall roots large starch granule small starch granule protein matrix Unmodified endospermModified endosperm
  10. 10. 1.10
  11. 11. Agronomy• Improved grain yields• Shorter and stiffer straws• Ears that do not shatter• Earlier ripening• Greater disease resistance• Greater uniformity
  12. 12. Market• Brewhouse extract• Processability – Malting • Water uptake • Rapid germination • Complete cell wall breakdown – Brewing • Enzymes • Filterability
  13. 13. Journey to Maris Otter• Landraces• Selection• Chevallier 1824• Plumage, Spratt, Archer to 1900• Pioneer 1943• Proctor 1953• Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964• Maris Otter 1965
  14. 14. Journey from Maris Otter• Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964• Breeding cycles• 1976 – 1985 - Yield• Halcyon, Pipkin – Quality• 1985 – 2000 - Yield/Quality• 2000 onwards – Yield and Quality – Pearl, Flagon
  15. 15. Journey from Maris Otter
  16. 16. Chevallier• • Gene marker- assisted breeding project for mould resistance • 1824 – wettest autumn since records began!
  17. 17. Winter Malting Quality Pedigree Pioneer Proctor Igri Athos MarisOtter Warboys Sergeant Cross1Finesse Torrent Puffin T Angora Halcyon NRPB87/5378 Pipkin Fanfare Rifle NFC296-7 NSL96-7157 Opal Pearl Cross2 Cassata Flagon
  18. 18. Whither barley?• New varieties – tried and tested – For the farmer – For the brewer• A little bit of Otter in everything – And some Chevallier!Date

×