Social anthropology


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Social anthropology

  1. 1. Social Anthropology
  2. 2. Definition of Sociolgy <ul><li>Socius means group, associates or patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Accdg. To Joseph Fichter, it is the scientific study of patterned , shared human behavior </li></ul><ul><li>It was first used by Auguste Comte (frenchman) who called himself as sociologist </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition… <ul><li>Rodney Stark, it deals with the study of patterns and process of human relations </li></ul><ul><li>Micro and macro sociology </li></ul><ul><li>It is also science of the study of social interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Study of people living in interdependence </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Kundberg and associates defined it as body of scientific knowledge with theories based on scientific investigations, observations rather than on armchair speculations </li></ul>
  5. 5. SOCIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE <ul><li>It becomes science because it is systematized body of knowledge based on organized facts about patterns of human interactions, of group life, of people living in Interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>Social scientists study the social world which talks about the results of group conduct. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Areas of Sociology <ul><li>Social organization= covers the study of the various social institutions, social groups, social stratification, social mobility, bureaucracy, ethnic groups and relations, and other similar objects </li></ul><ul><li>Topics like family, education, politics, religion, economy and the like </li></ul>
  7. 7. Areas… <ul><li>2. social psychology= study of human nature as an outcome of group life, social attitudes, collective behavior, and personality formation </li></ul><ul><li>It deals with group life and individual’s traits , attitudes, beliefs as influenced by group life. </li></ul><ul><li>Man with reference to group life </li></ul>
  8. 8. Areas… <ul><li>Social change and social disorganization= it includes here the study of change in culture and social relations and the disruption that may occur in society </li></ul><ul><li>It deals with the study of such current social problems in society as juvenile delinquency, criminality, drug addiction, family conflicts, divorce, population problems </li></ul>
  9. 9. Areas.. <ul><li>4. human ecology=studies the nature and behavior of a given population and its relationships to the group’s present social institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Prevalence of mental illness, criminality, delinquencies, prostitution, and drug addiction in urban centers and other highly developed places </li></ul>
  10. 10. Areas… <ul><li>5. Population or demography= study of population number, composition, change, and quality as they influence the economic, political and social system </li></ul>
  11. 11. Areas… <ul><li>6. Sociological theory and method= it is concerned with the applicability and usefulness of the principles and theories of group life as bases for the regulation of man’s social environment. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes theory building and testing. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Areas… <ul><li>7. Appllied sociolgy= area utilizes the findings of pure sociological research in various fields such as criminology, social work, community development, education, industrial relations, marriage, ethnic relations, family counseling </li></ul>
  13. 13. ANTHROPOLOGY <ul><li>ANTHROPOS MEANS MAN </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline of infinite curiosity about human beings </li></ul><ul><li>They are interested in how and why questions about societies in the past and present have varied in their customary ideas in practice </li></ul>
  14. 14. Definition <ul><li>It is a branch of knowledge which deals with the scientific study of man, his works, his body, his behavior and values in time and space </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific study of physical, social and cultural development , and behavior of human beings since their appearance on earth </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>In Human evolution, study of the fossils of man which is concerned with the classification of modern geographical populations and with their processes of physical change; archaeology or prehistory, cultural anthropology, and scientific linguistics </li></ul>
  16. 16. Branches of anthropology <ul><li>1. general anthropology (traditional way) </li></ul><ul><li>A. physical </li></ul><ul><li>B. cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-disciplines of anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>A. archaeology </li></ul><ul><li>B. physical anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>C. linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>D. cultural anthropology </li></ul>
  17. 17. Branches <ul><li>1. physical= biological anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Man’s biological foundations, race evolution, race classifications, and differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Subdisciplines: racial history; paleontology, human genetics, </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cultural anthro <ul><li>Social anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Human beings are distinct from other animals in that they have a culture </li></ul><ul><li>Social heritage is transmitted through genetic inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>They are also often called ethnologist and ethnographers </li></ul>
  19. 19. Definition of culture <ul><li>It has been defined as the way of life of people which had been learned, shared, and transmitted from one generation to another by means of language and symbols </li></ul>
  20. 20. Subdivisions of social anthropology <ul><li>1. ethnography </li></ul><ul><li>2. ethnology </li></ul><ul><li> anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>4. cultural anthropology </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>1. ethnography= pure description of the culture of people or an ethnic group </li></ul><ul><li>They will live in the said community to observe, examine the culture of those people </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>2. ethnography= analysis, comparison, and contrast of culture of peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with patterns of kinship organization, political and economic system, religion, folk arts and music. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li> anthropology= higher level of abstraction than ethnology </li></ul><ul><li>4. cultural anthropology= total life of man in time and space </li></ul>