Visual Dictionary

   By: Jake Drum
Air Barrier Paper
• Required: Photograph
•   Air barrier paper is used to control airflow in a building. it typically comp...
Attic Ventilation
• (photo) soffit vent- opening located under the eaves that allows fresh air to
   enter the attic area ...
Backhoe
• (Photograph)
• Definition/Type of work- an excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to
   a hinged boom and is ...
Batter Boards
• (Photograph)

• Definition- Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a...
Brick Arches
• Photo and label of brick arch #1 (1 pt.)
• Photo and label of brick arch #2 ( 1pt.)
• Photo of an arch with...
Brick Bonds
• Brick bond #1 – Flemish bond - each course
  alternates one header then one stretcher
• Brick bond #2 – Engl...
Brick Sizes
•        King, 3 3/8” x 3” x 10”




•   Modular, 4” x 2 2/3” x 8”
Bulldozer




• A tractor with a blade in front used for
  pushing earth and rocks and building debris
  and for coarse pr...
Cladding
•   Photo of brick clad structure (1 pt.)
•   Photo of EFIS clad structure (1 pt.)
•   stone clad structure rando...
Code Requirements
• Photo of door or window egress from
  bedroom. If door, explain that window size is
  irrelevant. For ...
Concrete Joints
• control joint- Tooled, straight grooves made
  on concrete floors to quot;controlquot; where the
  concr...
Concrete Masonry Unit
•           1 CMU = 3 brick courses




•   CMU-— large rectangular brick (most commonly 8 in × 8 in...
Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
• Photo of installed units of split block




• ribbed split-face block and striated blo...
Door Hands
• Photo of Interior right hand door; indication of what
  type of spaces that are divided and which is on which...
Doors
                                              Top rail
• Exterior flush door
• exterior panel door panel, stile, top...
Electrical Components
• Photo, label, and function of a power pole with a
  transformer or and undergroundtransformer box ...
Framing Elements
                                                              Anchor bolt

                              ...
Front End Loader




• used to load material (asphalt, demolition
  debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw
  minerals, recy...
Gypsum Board
• Wallboard consisting of layers of gypsum and
  paper, used in walls and partitions as a
  substitute for pl...
Heat Pump
• Required for both points: List one advantage
  of heat pumps
• Required for both points: List one
  disadvanta...
Insulation
• Required for each point: Tell what the purpose
  of insulation is
• Labeled photo of batt or blanket insulati...
Lintel
• Labeled photo of angle steel lintel or concrete
  lintel
• Definition of lintel
Mortar
•    mortar joint #1
•    #1= troweled
•    size: 5/8”
•   Used on a house
•   type M mortar
•   mortar joint #2
• ...
Oriented Strand Board
•   OSB consists of wood strands bonded with adhesives to form a mat. these mats
    are layered and...
Plumbing
•   Lavatory-fixed bowl or basin with running water and
    drainage for washing. Bathroom sink.
•   piping used ...
Plywood
• plywood- type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called
   plies or wood veneers. The layers are...
Radiant Barrier
• Radiant barrier- A radiant barrier is a reflective surface, on or near a
   building component, that int...
Rebar
• Photo of rebar – at least 1’ exposed
• Diameter= # 5 = 5/8”
• Deformed to help the concrete get a grip on
  the bar
Steep Roof Drainage
• Gutter- a channel along the eaves or on the roof;
   collects and carries away rainwater

• Downspou...
Steep Roof Materials

• Underlayment- An asphalt-saturated felt or
  other sheet material (may be self-adhering) installed...
Steep Roof Shapes
•   gable roof
•   gambrel roof
•   hip roof
•   mansard roof
Steep Roof Terms
•   ridge
•   valley
•    eave
•   rake
•   fascia
•    building without a fascia
•    soffit
Vapor Retarder
• Required: Photo of a vapor retarder
•   A vapor retarder resists diffusion of moisture through wall, ceil...
Waterproofing
• Required: Photo of waterproofing
•   waterproofing resists or does not allow water passage
•   Picture is ...
Weep Hole
• Weep hole- A small drain hole for water. In brickwork it is used above a
   damp-proof course

• Required: Pho...
Welded Wire Fabric
• Measurement of grid in both directions= 6x8
Windows
•    Photo of window #1 in open position
•   Casement window
•   It is a casement window because it is hinged on t...
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bedrock11 jake drum visual dictionary

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary By: Jake Drum
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper • Required: Photograph • Air barrier paper is used to control airflow in a building. it typically completely encloses the air within a building resisting air flow and air pressure. • Air barrier paper prevents outdoor air from getting into a building and the indoor air from getting outside the building.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation • (photo) soffit vent- opening located under the eaves that allows fresh air to enter the attic area and flow upward to the roof vents, where it is exhausted • (Photo) ridge vent -vent installed at the peak of a sloped roof which allows warm, humid air to escape a building's attic • (Photo) gable vent- A screened vent installed at or near the peak of a roof gable that allows warm attic air to escape. • (Photo) roof turbine- round metal vents that have fins in them and stick up from the roof surface. The fins are located in a dome-shaped housing that spins each time the wind blows across it. The faster the wind speed, the faster the turbine rotates pumping more air from the attic.
  4. 4. Backhoe • (Photograph) • Definition/Type of work- an excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move earth • Width of bucket- 24”
  5. 5. Batter Boards • (Photograph) • Definition- Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line
  6. 6. Brick Arches • Photo and label of brick arch #1 (1 pt.) • Photo and label of brick arch #2 ( 1pt.) • Photo of an arch with a keystone and labeled ‘Arch with a Keystone’ (1 pt.); this needs • to be a separate photo from #1 and #2 • Photo of centering definition-A temporary structure for support of the parts of a masonry or concrete arch during its construction
  7. 7. Brick Bonds • Brick bond #1 – Flemish bond - each course alternates one header then one stretcher • Brick bond #2 – English bond- a course of headers followed by a course of stretchers • Labeled photo of soldiers (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of sailors (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of stretcher rowlocks (shiners) (1 pt.)
  8. 8. Brick Sizes • King, 3 3/8” x 3” x 10” • Modular, 4” x 2 2/3” x 8”
  9. 9. Bulldozer • A tractor with a blade in front used for pushing earth and rocks and building debris and for coarse preliminary surface grading
  10. 10. Cladding • Photo of brick clad structure (1 pt.) • Photo of EFIS clad structure (1 pt.) • stone clad structure random coursing • Photo of wood board clad structure (1 pt.) • Photo of wood shingle or shake clad structure; • shake; guess which is shown in photo Wood SHINGLES are milled smooth and beveled, and should be installed with the thicker lower ends raised on wood strips (both over a solid layer of roofing felt on the roof sheathing) so that the shingles can dry out. Wood SHAKES are rough split with very uneven surfaces, and can be installed with overlapping layers of felt between the layers of shakes (wood strips are not as necessary, but can be used, also).(1pt.)
  11. 11. Code Requirements • Photo of door or window egress from bedroom. If door, explain that window size is irrelevant. For windows, list critical measurements; state why or why not your window meets code ( 1 pt.) • • Give tread and riser dimensions. Show calculations and indicate why this stair does or does not meet IBC code. (1 pt.)
  12. 12. Concrete Joints • control joint- Tooled, straight grooves made on concrete floors to quot;controlquot; where the concrete should crack. • photo of a crack near a control joint (1 pt.) • Photo and isolation joint- Separation that allows adjoining parts of a structure to move freely from one another, both in the horizontal and vertical directions. Column is being isolated from slab
  13. 13. Concrete Masonry Unit • 1 CMU = 3 brick courses • CMU-— large rectangular brick (most commonly 8 in × 8 in × 16 in) used in construction. Concrete blocks are made from cast concrete, i.e. Portland cement and aggregate • 2 different size CMU • Labeled photo of decorative CMU surface finish
  14. 14. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units • Photo of installed units of split block • ribbed split-face block and striated blocks
  15. 15. Door Hands • Photo of Interior right hand door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided and which is on which side of the door (1 pt.) • Photo of Interior left hand door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided andwhich is on which side of the door (1 pt.) • Photo of Interior right hand reverse door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided and which is on which side of the door (1 pt.) • Photo of Interior left hand reverse door; indication of what type of spaces that are divided and which is on which side of the door (1 pt.)
  16. 16. Doors Top rail • Exterior flush door • exterior panel door panel, stile, top rail, lock rail, and bottom rail Lock rail • transom • Sidelight Bottom rail stile
  17. 17. Electrical Components • Photo, label, and function of a power pole with a transformer or and undergroundtransformer box (1 pt.)- used to support overhead electrical wires • Photo, label, and function of a service head (1 pt.)- • Photo, label, and function of a meter (1 pt.) A device used to measure and record the amount of electric power used by a consumer • Photo, label, and function of a service panel (1 pt.) Electrical panel, containing circuit breakers, which is the distribution point for the entering electric service • , label, and function of a duplex receptacle (1 pt.) Electrical outlet with space for two plugs.
  18. 18. Framing Elements Anchor bolt Sole plate • #1 anchor bolt • #2 and photo of sill plate • subflooring #3 and photo of floor joist • #4 subflooring sheathing • #5 sole plate • #6 stud Stud • #7 top plate Sole plate Ceiling joist • #8 ceiling joist • #9 rafter • #10 roof decking • #11 sheathing Rafter • #12 stringer stringer
  19. 19. Front End Loader • used to load material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed- hooper, rail-car, etc.).
  20. 20. Gypsum Board • Wallboard consisting of layers of gypsum and paper, used in walls and partitions as a substitute for plaster • Photo of gypsum board installed, but not painted
  21. 21. Heat Pump • Required for both points: List one advantage of heat pumps • Required for both points: List one disadvantage of heat pumps • Labeled photo of compressor/condenser and tell what it’s doing (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of air handling unit and tell what it’s doing (1 pt.)
  22. 22. Insulation • Required for each point: Tell what the purpose of insulation is • Labeled photo of batt or blanket insulation (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of loose fill insulation (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of foamed insulation (1 pt.) • Labeled photo of rigid board insulation (1 pt.)
  23. 23. Lintel • Labeled photo of angle steel lintel or concrete lintel • Definition of lintel
  24. 24. Mortar • mortar joint #1 • #1= troweled • size: 5/8” • Used on a house • type M mortar • mortar joint #2 • #2= tooled • Size: 7/8” • used on a house • Type M mortar
  25. 25. Oriented Strand Board • OSB consists of wood strands bonded with adhesives to form a mat. these mats are layered and oriented for maximum strength, stiffness and stability. The individual strands are typically three to four inches long. And are not veneered
  26. 26. Plumbing • Lavatory-fixed bowl or basin with running water and drainage for washing. Bathroom sink. • piping used to drain a lavatory = 1-1/2” • water closet • Photo of a manufactured shower or tub set in framing prior to gypsum board being installed • Required: Photo of a plumbing roof vent • VTR depressurizes the waste piping of indoor plumbing, preventing the passage of sewer gas into the home • kitchen or bathroom sink installed in a countertop
  27. 27. Plywood • plywood- type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength • Veneer- A thin decorative covering of fine wood applied to coarser wood or other material; An attractive appearance that covers or disguises true nature
  28. 28. Radiant Barrier • Radiant barrier- A radiant barrier is a reflective surface, on or near a building component, that intercepts the flow of radiant energy to and from the building
  29. 29. Rebar • Photo of rebar – at least 1’ exposed • Diameter= # 5 = 5/8” • Deformed to help the concrete get a grip on the bar
  30. 30. Steep Roof Drainage • Gutter- a channel along the eaves or on the roof; collects and carries away rainwater • Downspout- A vertical pipe that carries rainwater from the guttering of a building to a drain or the ground • Splash block- A pad placed under the lower end of a downspout and diverts the water from the downspout away from the house
  31. 31. Steep Roof Materials • Underlayment- An asphalt-saturated felt or other sheet material (may be self-adhering) installed between the roof deck and the roof covering, usually used in a steep-slope roof construction • clay tile roof • Shingle- a small, thin piece of building material, often with one end thicker than the other, for laying in overlapping rows as a covering for the roof • preformed metal roof- is a roofing system made from metal pieces or tiles. It is a component of the building envelope.
  32. 32. Steep Roof Shapes • gable roof • gambrel roof • hip roof • mansard roof
  33. 33. Steep Roof Terms • ridge • valley • eave • rake • fascia • building without a fascia • soffit
  34. 34. Vapor Retarder • Required: Photo of a vapor retarder • A vapor retarder resists diffusion of moisture through wall, ceiling and floor assemblies of buildings. In climate zones that have warmer winters they are usually placed on the exterior
  35. 35. Waterproofing • Required: Photo of waterproofing • waterproofing resists or does not allow water passage • Picture is of liquid applied waterproofing the advantages of this are- Controlled curing faster in variety of climates , Applied in any thickness, Available in vertical or horizontal grades, Applied to OSB, Plywood, Metal and Concrete.
  36. 36. Weep Hole • Weep hole- A small drain hole for water. In brickwork it is used above a damp-proof course • Required: Photo of weep hole
  37. 37. Welded Wire Fabric • Measurement of grid in both directions= 6x8
  38. 38. Windows • Photo of window #1 in open position • Casement window • It is a casement window because it is hinged on the side and opens outward • Photo of window #2 in open position • Double hung • it is a double hung because it has two sashes, upper and lower, that slide vertically past each other • Photo of window #3 in open position • Sliding window • It is a sliding window because it opens by sliding horizontally

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