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  1. 1. OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY Cristian Bedoya Valencia Materiales Lingüísticos Informatizados
  2. 2. the english language as subject yo study First were just attempts to create a volume which gathered all words and expressions People involved in this did not receive any help or support from the government. Editors were always in controversy with their fellows
  3. 3. Different periods -The inkhorn controversy (C16th-C17th) -Robert Cawdrey´s Table Alphabeticall (1604) -Samuel Johnson´s Dictionary -THE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY (OED) (1857) These volumes are relevant because the add new characteristics or new words which didn ´t appear on the previous works
  4. 4. BEFORE 1604,THERE ARE SOME ATEMPTS OF CREATING DICTIONARIES: The first bilingual dictionaries and glossaries appeared in the 15th c William Caston´s A French-English dictionary (1480) Sir Thomas Elyot´s The Dictionary (Bibliotheca Eliotae) (1588)
  5. 5. IN THE 16th century began the inkhorn controversy Before this controversy, the main language in Britain for the learning field was French or Latin English was in second place. Some people started to avoid some words in English. The CONTROVERSY was BASED on the discussion about the inclusion of some foreign words into the english vocabulary, assuming them as new words for teh English LEXICON
  6. 6. DIVIDED OPINION Opinion was divided into two groups The Inkhornists; who thought that new words would only enrich the English language The Purists; who wanted to maintain the english language as such in a pure state, without foreign words of any kind
  7. 7. after this controversy, the scholars realized that there was a need for a dictionary in ENGLISH FOR COMPILING ALL THE WORDS AND ITS USAGE Mulcaster (1582) expresses his necessity: “If some one well learned and as laborious a man, wold gather all the words which we use in our English tung... into one dictionarie, and besides the right writing... wold open unto us therein both their naturall force and their proper use.”
  8. 8. FINALLY, Robert Cawdry decides to carry out the difficult enterprise of gathering English words on the first monolingual dictionary of English:A Tale Alphabeticall (1604).The aim of this dictionary was mainly to compile hard words so everyone could understand them.This dictionary was very simple. 300 entries 120 pages Brief definitions with no quotations and etimology of any kind
  9. 9. IN 1755,AFTER 9YEARS OF WORK, SAMUEL JOHNSON'S DICTIONARY IS FINALLY PUBLISHED Innovations in theInnovations in the Dictionary:Dictionary: 1.- It compiles such a high number of entries and definitions as never shown, 42,000 entries and over 140,000 definitions. 2.- It also includes details about spelling, pronunciation, etymology, and illustrative quotations from highly known characters, as could be a fragment from any Shakespearean work. 3.- It is also relevant the History and Grammar of English language which was also included
  10. 10. All these elements as a whole gave to this work the possibility of becoming a masterpiece.The only problem of such a good an elaborate work was that Samuel Johnson gices idiosyncratic and often subjective definitions, which might not have just the meaning that he gave to them. Later on appeared some spelling and pronouncing dictionaries, but the real revolution took place with the appearance of a new york: THE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY (OED) firstly known as The new English Dictionary (NED).The OED is the actual most important dictionary on English language. The OED is daily revised and updated thanks to new technologies. It had a slowly and long process of creation which started in 1884 and goes on till nowadays.
  11. 11. The most important achievement of this last and complete dictionary was mainly the assumption that language change is inevitable, so it keeps updating everyday of the new findings on the development the most important achievement
  12. 12. references & resourcesBarber, Charles. 2000.The English language [Chapter 9:pp.199-207] Crystal, David. 1995.The stories of English. [Interlude 11:pp.280-284; Chapter 15:pp.442-443] Early English Books Online (eebo.chadwyck.com) Eighteenth-Century Collections Online (http://www.gale.cengage.com/DigitalCollections/products/ ecco/index.htm) Oxford English Dictionary (http://oed.com/about/history.html