Mikhail Gorbachev

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Mikhail Gorbachev

  1. 1. Mikhail Gorbachev Presented By : Mandar Pandeshwar(34) Jayesh Parab(35) Vishal Pasi(36)
  2. 2. Life
  3. 3. Political Career
  4. 4. Reforms <ul><li>Uskoreniye (acceleration) </li></ul><ul><li>Glasnost (liberalisation, openness) </li></ul><ul><li>Perestroika (restructuring) </li></ul><ul><li>Demokratizatsiya (democratization) </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol reform </li></ul><ul><li>Political reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Law on Cooperatives , 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan </li></ul>
  5. 5. Collapse of Soviet Union <ul><li>Severe shortages of basic food </li></ul><ul><li>supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Glasnost and Demokratizatsiya </li></ul><ul><li>Referendum of 1991 for the </li></ul><ul><li>preservation of the USSR </li></ul><ul><li>The August Coup </li></ul><ul><li>Ukrainian popular referendum on December 1, 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev’s resignation </li></ul>
  6. 6. End of Cold War <ul><li>In 1988, Soviet Union abandon Brezhnev Doctrine. </li></ul><ul><li>String of revolutions in Eastern European counties like East Germany, Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia in late 1989–90. </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal of Soviet troops from Eastern European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1990 reunification of East with West Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>This effectively ended the Cold War, and for this Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel peace prize on October 15, 1990. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Honours and Accolades <ul><li>1990: Nobel Prize </li></ul><ul><li>1992: Ronald Reagan Freedom Award </li></ul><ul><li>1993: Legum Doctor, honoris causa from </li></ul><ul><li>Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada </li></ul><ul><li>1994: Grawemeyer Award </li></ul><ul><li>1995: Honorary Doctorate from Durham University, England </li></ul><ul><li>1996: Courage of Conscience Award </li></ul><ul><li>2004: Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album </li></ul><ul><li>2005: Point Alpha Prize </li></ul>
  8. 8. References <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.britannica.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mikhailgorbachev.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nobleprizes.org </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>
  9. 9. Quick Facts <ul><li>Crimson birthmark on the top of his bald head </li></ul><ul><li>was the source of much satire among critics and </li></ul><ul><li>cartoonists </li></ul><ul><li>Founded the Gorbachev Foundation in 1992, </li></ul><ul><li>headquartered in San Francisco, California </li></ul><ul><li>Founder and president of Green Cross </li></ul><ul><li>International(1993), a non-profit organization </li></ul><ul><li>that focuses on global ecological law </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev appeared as himself in the Wim Wenders film, Faraway, So Close! </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev appeared with his granddaughter Anastasia in an internationally-screened television commercial for Pizza Hut </li></ul>

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