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  1. 1. Apostrophes
  2. 2. To Show Contraction When you join two words together, use an apostrophe to show where the letter(s) have been removed *Contractions should not be used in formal writing. I have = I’ve Does not = doesn’t He has/is = He’s It is/has = It’s Could have = could’ve Do not = don’t Are not = aren’t April 14, 2014 2
  3. 3. Apostrophes to Show Possession Possession means ownership. We use an APOSTROPHE to show possession. Bill’s jacket – the jacket belongs to Bill Susan’s dress – the dress belongs to Susan The Smiths’ home – the home belongs the Smiths Jason and Deb’s children – The children belong to Jason and Deb Jayden’s and Sophia’s bikes –Jayden has his own bike and Sophia has her own bike The item belongs to whatever comes before the apostrophe.
  4. 4. The Smiths’ The The Smiths’ home was a dream come true. Bill’s dog was his best friend.
  5. 5. Singular Possessive Nouns The possessive form of a singular noun is an apostrophe followed by the letter "s.“ • Noun + Apostrophe + S Hector’s homework Kyoko’s book Lydia’s instructor Lily’s cat April 14, 2014 5
  6. 6. Becky’s purse—apostrophe shows ownership
  7. 7. Plural Possessive Nouns If the noun is made plural by adding –s or –es, put an apostrophe after the - s The boys’ bikes The students’ books April 14, 2014 7
  8. 8. Girls’ purses Ladies’ purses For nouns made plural by adding an s, add only an apostrophe at the end.
  9. 9. Plural Possessives If the noun has an irregular plural form, add the apostrophe and an ‘s The children’s toys The women’s restroom The mice’s tails April 14, 2014 9
  10. 10. Women’s pursesFor nouns made plural by an irregular form, add an apostrophe and an –s The plural form of woman is women.
  11. 11. Possession with Compound Nouns When a sentence indicates joint ownership in a compound construction, the possessive form is attached only to the second noun: Jason and Deb’s son – the son belong to both Jason and Deb Michelle and Mark’s dog – the dog belongs to both Mike and Mark April 14, 2014 11
  12. 12. Possession with Compound Nouns When a sentence indicates individual ownership in a compound construction, this is indicated by a double possessive Kyle’s and Jessica’s microscopes Ken’s and Tom’s suits April 14, 2014 12
  13. 13. Singular Singular Possessive Plural Plural Possessive Boy Boy’s Boys Boys’ Mary Mary’s Marys Marys’ Boss Boss’s Bosses Bosses’ Nurse Nurse’s Nurses Nurses’ Sister-in-law Sister-in-law’s Sisters-in-law Sisters-in-law’s Child Child’s Children Children’s Editor-in-chief Editor-in-chief’s Editors-in-chief Editors-in-chief’s Attorney general Attorney general’s Attorney generals Attorney generals’ Woman Woman’s Women Women’s Teacher Teacher’s Teachers Teachers’ Daughter Daughter’s Daughters Daughters’ Singular, Singular Possessive, Plural, and Plural Possessive Forms