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Narrative Theories


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Narrative Theories

  1. 1. Narrative Theories<br />By Rebecca Chapman<br />
  2. 2. A state of equilibrium at the outset<br />A disruption of the equilibrium by some action<br />A recognition that there has been disruption<br />An attempt to repair the disruption<br />A reinstatement of the equilibrium<br />Todorov’s Theory<br />Equilibrium<br />Disequilibrium<br />New Equilibrium<br />
  3. 3. Suggests that the characters take the part of specific roles in every narrative. Stating 8 main character roles-<br />The Hero – a character that seeks something<br />The Villain – who opposes or actively blocks the hero’s quest<br />The Donor – who provides an object to the hero<br />The Dispatcher – who sends the hero on his/her quest via a message<br />The False Hero – who disrupts the hero’s success by making false claims<br />The Helper – who aids the hero in their quest<br />The Princess – acts as the reward for the hero and the object of the villain’s plots<br />The Father – who acts to reward the hero for his effort<br />Props’ Theory<br />
  4. 4. Suggests narrative is told through narrative codes, Barthes says that narrative needs to be unravelled and this can lead to meanings which he narrowed down to 5“narrative codes” which can be present in any narrative.<br />Action Code<br />Enigma Code<br />Semantic Code<br />Cultural Code<br />Symbolic Code<br />Barthes’ Theory<br />
  5. 5. Suggests that narratives are split into a series of “binary opposites”, where two subjects are opposite and working against each other. For example some could be..<br />Good + Bad<br />Hero + Villain<br />Strength + Weakness<br />Rich + Poor<br />Straus’s Theory<br />
  6. 6. Equilibrium- A lamb lives on a high mountain plain with his wool all fluffy, big and clean. This makes him so happy that he breaks into a high stepping dance and his friends love him.<br />Disequilibrium- One day a van comes and shaves all his fluffy wool off and he is left bare with all his “friends” laughing at the new him.<br />Boundin’ Pixar Short Story<br />
  7. 7. New equilibrium- A wise Jackalope comes along and teaches the lamp that woolly or not, it’s what’s inside him that will help him rebound from his troubles. His friends then respect the new him.<br />The Hero- Lamb, seeks happiness<br />The Villain- Farmer/Van, stole his fur<br />The Donor- Jackalope, teaches the lamb<br />The Dispatcher- Jackalope, again<br />
  8. 8. The Helper- Jackalope, again!<br />The Princess- His friends, the happiness and respect they give to him<br />Good- Lamb + Jackalope<br />Bad- Farmer/Van<br />Weakness- Lamb without fur<br />Strength- Jackalope with wise words<br />