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  1. 1. UNIT 2 By Juan, Juanmi, Marta, Lorena, Belen, Lele, Esther and Antonia ELEMENTARY
  2. 2. GRAMMAR <ul><li>PRESENT SIMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>A / AN </li></ul><ul><li>SAXON GENITIVE </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRESENT SIMPLE: <ul><li>We use present simple in the following situations: </li></ul><ul><li>To express habits and routines : </li></ul><ul><li>Juan plays football on Saturday. I go to work everyday at 8:00 am. </li></ul><ul><li>General, mathematical and scientific truths : </li></ul><ul><li>English people drink a lot of tea Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Examples : </li></ul>Play………. Live……….. Do………… Watch…….. Pla ys Liv es Do es Watch es Have………… Study……….. Finish……….. Go…………… Has Stud ies Finish es Go es He play s football every day. My mum always go es to the beach in June. They have dinner at 8:00 o´clock. I often read the newspaper. Linda like s children. My friend work s in a bank. We often cook pizza. The shop close s at 5:00. <ul><li>Sentences : </li></ul>
  6. 6. NEGATIVE: <ul><li>Sentences : </li></ul>Pauline doesn’t live in a flat. I don´t smoke. My friends and I don’t like basketball. My father doesn´t go to the gym. They don´t watch TV at weekends. It doesn´t eat meat. My boyfriend doesn´t study Economics. You don´t drive a BMW. Subject + Don´t / Doesn´t + infinitive verb +…
  7. 7. INTERROGATIVE: Do / Does + Subject + infinitive verb +… ? <ul><li>Sentences : </li></ul>Do your parents work in an office? No, they don´t Does your sister have a dog? Yes, she does Do you speak Japanese? Yes, I do Do they have lunch at home? No, they don´t Do you know Jennifer´s father? Yes, I do Where does he work? When do you have dinner? <ul><li>ANSWERS: </li></ul><ul><li>Yes , </li></ul><ul><li>I/you/we/they DO. </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, </li></ul><ul><li>He/ she/it DOES. </li></ul><ul><li>No, </li></ul><ul><li>I/you/ we / they DON´T. </li></ul><ul><li>No, </li></ul><ul><li>He/ she/ it DOESN´T </li></ul>
  8. 8. A / AN = UN / UNA <ul><li>We use A / AN with singular </li></ul><ul><li>We don´t use A / AN with plural </li></ul>They are a doctors.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Example : </li></ul>A ball A friend An apple A computer An uncle A musician An English An engineer A girl An actor A student A person <ul><li>Sentences : </li></ul>We write “A” when the following work stars with consonant or vowels which sound. A university A hotel A car A cap I´m a lawyer. I have a reservation. There is an apple on the table. We are teachers. It isn´t a small house. He is an English boy. There are books under the chair. Louis is a very good singer.
  10. 10. SAXON GENITIVE <ul><li>The saxon genitive is used when the owner is a person. </li></ul><ul><li>Add an apostrophe to the name of the owner and an s ('s) before the name of the thing possessed. We can use it with animals, people… </li></ul><ul><li>- If the word finishes with an “s” we only add an apostrophe. [ They are my parents´friends] </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Example : </li></ul>My brothers´ car John´s dog Peter´s cousin Marta is my mother´s sister My father´s father is my grandfather The cat´s ears France´s cities Yesterday´s meeting
  12. 12. PHONETIC
  13. 13. Verb phrases
  14. 15. <ul><li>Jobs </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>The Family </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>More words </li></ul>
  17. 26. <ul><li>SENTENCES </li></ul>
  18. 27. And complete Your sentences The board To Sarah talking to her boyfriend A newspaper The letter To the end of the programme The e-mail Phil’s answers To a radio programme The article The question and answer... To the rest of the conversation The interview The Meeting People form Again The rules Their pictures And repeat Their e-mails The highlighted words And check The text The photos Listen Read Look at
  19. 28. Wear glasses Eat a sandwich Math the words Study economics Drive a car Do the exercises Speak languages Drink coffee Do housework Smoke a cigarette Cook dinner Change roles Play tennis Have a sandwich Ask and answer questions Live in a flat Play the piano Complete the questions Like animals Watch TV Cover the conversation Have children Speak Russian Practise saying Work in a office Go to the cinema Answer the questions Other verb phrases
  20. 29. It’s a beautiful day! It’s bed time I’m cold See you soon. It’s time to go. I’m angry We are in touch Ready, steady, go! It’s time for lunch Do you agree? It’s time to go! It´s my birthday! It’s doesn’t matter I’m humgry Just a moment. I’m sad I’m hot. Can you repeat? It’s a nice day I’m happy Do you speak english? Can you come here? It’s very late. Where do you live? May come in How do you spell it? What do you do? More phrases
  21. 30. <ul><li>VOCABULARY </li></ul>
  22. 31. Verb phrases
  23. 32. Escuchar la radio listen to the radio Trabajar en una oficina work in an office Gustar los animales like animals Llevar gafas wear glasses Tomar un sandwich have a sandwich Ver la t.v watch television Tener niños have children Estudiar economicas study economics Ir al cine go to the cinema Hablar alemán speak German Comer comida rapida eat fast food Fumar un cigarro smoke a cigarette Conducir un coche drive a VW Leer un periódico read a newspaper Beber café drink coffee Tocar la guitarra play the guitar Hacer cosas de casa do housework Jugar al tenis play tennis Hacer ejercicio do exercise Vivir en un piso live in a flat Hacer la cena cook dinner
  24. 33. JOBS
  25. 34. barman, barmaid waiter, waitress cashier fireman, firewoman biologist refuse collector, dustman dancer ground stewardess stewardess, hostess astronaut apprentice builder, bricklayer architect farmer social worker cleaner estate agent insurance broker security guard stockbroker stage actor actor, actress criminal lawyer duty solicitor lawyer camarero/a (barra) camarero/a (atendiendo mesas) cajero bombero/a biólogo basurero bailarín azafata de tierra azafata (de vuelo, de congresos) astronauta aprendiz albañil arquitecto agricultor asistente social asistenta agente inmobiliario agente de seguros agente (empleado) de seguridad agente de bolsa/cambio actor de teatro actor, actriz abogado criminalista abogado de oficio abogado dentist glazier servant choreographer caretaker porter, receptionist driver trader retailer wholesaler shopkeeper salesman, saleswoman cook conductor, conductress collector surgeon scientist museum (attendant) (hospital) porter (prison) warder postman, postwoman carpenter butcher singer lorry driver dentista, odontólogo cristalero criado coreógrafo conserje (de escuela, bedel) conserje (edificio, hotel) conductor comerciante (negociante) comerciante al por menor comerciante al por mayor comerciante (de tienda) comercial cocinero cobrador/a (autobús) cobrador (deudas, recibos) cirujano científico celador (museo) celador (hospital) celador (cárcel) cartero/a carpintero carnicero cantante camionero
  26. 35. inspector engineer computer specialist blacksmith scriptwriter geologist government employee photographer plumber physiotherapist, physio physicist pharmaceutical sculptor, sculptress writer nurse businessman, businesswoman editor electrician artistic director manager head teacher detective unemployed sportsman, sportswoman shop assistant inspector ingeniero informático herrero guionista geólogo funcionario fotógrafo fontanero fisioterapeuta físico farmacéutico escultor/a escritor enfermero empresario/a editor electricista director artístico director gerente director de colegio detective desempleado, parado deportista dependiente/a paediatrician confectioner baker office worker, white-collar worker labourer, worker musician dressmaker designer minister miner soldier forensic scientist general practitioner (GP) doctor mechanic mathematician masseur, masseuse sailor cleaner windowcleaner shoeshine boy/girl bookseller judge chef gardener pediatra pastelero panadero oficinista obrero músico modista, costurera modisto, diseñador ministro minero militar, soldado médico forense médico de cabecera médico mecánico matemático masajista marinero limpiador limpiacristales limpiabotas librero juez jefe de cocina jardinero
  27. 36. lecturer teacher politician policeman, policewoman psychiatrist psychologist presenter chiropodist house painter painter pilot fisherman, fisherwoman journalist manoeuvre coiffeur profesor de universidad profesor político policía psiquiatra psicólogo presentador podólogo pintor de brocha gorda pintor piloto pescador/a periodista peón peluquero shoemaker veterinaria door-to-door salesman hawker taxi driver welder secretary priest, priestess delivery man/woman agent receptionist programmer private tutor professor zapatero veterinario vendedor a domicilio vendedor ambulante taxista soldador secretario sacerdote, sacerdotisa repartidor/a representante (cine, teatro) recepcionista programador profesor particular profesor (catedrático)
  28. 37. FAMILY
  29. 38. Dynasty Descendants Of noble birth Of humble birth Brother-in-law Sister-in-law Acquaintance Engagement Great-grandfather Great-grandmother Ancestors , Forebears , Forefathers Brotherly love Friendship Friend Adopted Grandparents Grandfather Grandad Grandma Grandmother Dinastía Descendientes De noble alcurnia De humilde cuna Cuñado Cuñada Conocido/a Compromiso ; Noviazgo Bisabuelo Bisabuela Antepasados Amor fraternal Amistad Amigo/a Adoptado Abuelos Abuelo Abuelito Abuelita Abuela
  30. 39. Lineage Orphan Only child Eldest child Legitimate child Illegitimate child Son Stepson Stepdaughter Daughter Uterine brother Foster brother Brother Sister Heir Generation Twins Fraternity Family The baby of the family Linaje Huérfano/a Hijo/a único/a Hijo mayor Hijo legítimo Hijo ilegítimo Hijo Hijastro Hijastra Hija Hermano de madre Hermano de leche Hermano Hermana Heredero Generación Gemelos Fraternidad Familia El benjamín/la benjamina
  31. 40. Dad Best man Godfather Parents Single parent Father Stepfather Daughter-in-law Boyfriend Girlfriend Grandchild Grandson Granddaughter Wife Better half Husband Mum Godmother Mother Stepmother Papá Padrino de boda Padrino Padres Padre/madre soltero/a Padre Padrastro Nuera Novio Novia Nieto/a Nieto Nieta Mujer ; Esposa Media naranja Marido ; Esposo Mamá Madrina Madre Madrastra
  32. 41. Son-in-law Family life Uncle Aunt Father-in-law Mother-in-law Sucesión Nephew Niece Engaged First-born Cousin Kinsmen by blood Relation , Relative Yerno Vida familiar Tío Tía Suegro Suegra Sucesión Sobrino Sobrina Prometido Primogénito Primo/Prima Parientes consanguineos Pariente ; Familiar
  33. 42. More words
  34. 43. Tener Have Hacer Do Lenguaje Language Jazz Jazz Jugo/Zumo Judge Prisa In A Hurry Planta Baja Ground Floor Ropa De Marca Designer Clothes Ir Go Compañia Company Niña/Chica Girl Ajedrez Chess Flores Flower Coche Car Piso Flat Autobus Bus Todos Los Dias Every Day Burguer Burger Comer Eat Entre Between Beber Drink Bar Bar Doble Double Banda/Grupo Band Perro Dog Bolsa Bag
  35. 44. Fin De Semana Weekend Persona Person Velero Yacht Bruja Witch Florero Vase Pagar Pay Universidad University Loro Parrot Corbata Tie Ocupado/A Occupation Golpear Thumb Nariz Nose Estresado Stressful Mono Monkey Posición Stand Hacer Make Gastar(Dinero) Spend Amor/Cariño Love Serpiente Snake Solitario/A Lonely Soltero/A Single Vivir Live Cantante Singer Gustar Like Recepción Reception Pie Leg Mascota Pet Tarde Later
  36. 45. At a hotel
  37. 46. key clerk key card key ice-dispenser housekeeping staff housekeeper hall porter ground floor front-office clerk front office floor elevator (US) double room departure cancellation breakfast area booking bellboy bath arrival encargado de llaves llave magnética llave surtidor de cubos de hielo personal de habitaciones ama de llaves conserje planta baja recepcionista recepción piso ascensor, elevador habitación doble salida cancelación área de desayuno reserva botones baño llegada
  38. 47. to check in to book wake-up call voucher vacancy twin beds towel staff shower safe single room room service restaurant registration card porter mail clerk luggage lobby lift (GB) laundry registrarse reservar despertador telefónico cupón disponibilidad de habitaciones dos camas simples toalla personal ducha caja de seguridad habitación simple servicio a la habitación restaurante tarjeta de registración portero encargado del correo equipaje vestíbulo ascensor, elevador lavandería
  39. 48. room and board, R&B (GB) half board (GB) bed and breakfast, B&B European plan modified American plan (US) American plan (US) villa guesthouse country cottage bungalow to stay to do a room to disturb to deposit to check out pensión completa media pensión cama y desayuno habitación solamente media pensión pensión completa chalet casa de huéspedes, pensión casa de campo bungalow, chalet permanecer hacer una habitación molestar depositar registrar la salida